Agenda 1.Introduction 2.Defining Resident Services 3.Value of Resident Services 4.Resident Services in Oregon 5.Creating a sustainable funding system 6.Oregon ONs recommendations 7.Q&A (20 minutes)
Our Vision All Oregonians should have the opportunity to succeed in life.
Why We Do This Work Housing gives people the stability to meet their basic needs and the opportunity to build better lives.
The Role of Resident Services Resident Services plays a key role in creating successful residents sustainable properties healthy communities
The Challenge of Resident Services Funding streams are Unstable Inadequate Uncoordinated
The Challenge of Resident Services The industry lacks agreement about Definitions Best practices Outcomes Costs
A Crossroads for Our Industry Inadequate and unstable funding for RS undermines our industrys sustainability Oregon is part of a national movement to address these challenges
Resident Services Opportunity Project Goal: To develop a framework for a sustainable Resident Services delivery system. Project Leadership RSOP Steering Committee RSOP Advisory Committee Resident Services Working Group (RSWG) Oregon ON Policy Councils Neighborhood Partnerships
The RSOP Research Resident Services Workgroups Logic Model Neighborhood Partnerships Demonstration Project Portland State University Cost Study Housing Development Center financial modeling Oregon ON member survey Funder & stakeholder interviews Local success stories & case studies National data
DEFINING RESIDENT SERVICES
Defining Resident Services Resident Services connects residents of affordable housing to services and programs that support housing stability, household opportunity and advancement.
Goals of Resident Services Housing Stability Household Opportunity and Advancement
Services & Programs Services: Provided to all residents Move-in orientations Eviction prevention Information & referral Resident council support Community building Move-in orientations Eviction prevention Information & referral Resident council support Community building Programs: Based on population Youth programs IDAs & financial education Education & employment Homebuyer training Adult education Youth programs IDAs & financial education Education & employment Homebuyer training Adult education
Successful Residents – National Examples >90% of children in after-school programs maintain or improve their grades >70% of adults who participate in job training programs get jobs 51% of families who participate in financial education coaching reduce their debt Data compiled from NeighborWorks sites across the country.
Successful Residents - Local Examples Resident Services staff prevented an average of 70 evictions per organization last year Over 80% of afterschool program participants improved their academic performance 67% of job program participants got jobs or increased their incomes
Sustainable Properties - Local Examples Eviction prevention resulted in $3,736 saved Eviction prevention resulted in $1,320 saved Justin, IHI residentJuanita, NHA resident These are actual costs avoided to the property by preventing an eviction through Resident Services (non payment of rent and turnover costs)
Healthy Communities Building a sense of community Creating a strong social support system Supporting the work of partners Linking residents and the community
Healthy Communities - Local Examples Resident Services participants feel more connected, know their neighbors and feel safe in their community Because we work where people live, we connect them to public benefits, the mental health system, social services, and the school system Oregon ON members leverage $1.6 million a year through volunteers, partnerships and community support
RESIDENT SERVICES IN OREGON
Oregon ON Members 96% of Oregon ON owners provide Resident Services 11,500 resident households receive Resident Services from Oregon ON members 115 FTE Resident Services staff work in Oregon ON member organizations
Services for Housing Stability
Programs that Support Household Opportunity and Advancement
Who is Being Served? 75% of the households served by Resident Services have incomes at or below 60% of median. About three-quarters have incomes that are below the income guidelines for their properties.
Resident Services Costs Average cost of Resident Services is $400-$700 per unit per year
Funding is a Complex Patchwork Private foundations 54% Public funding 29% Individual donors 42% Project operations 83% Fee for service 21%
Funding Practices Vary Widely Oregon Housing and Community Services allows Resident Services in the operating budget if the operating budget can support it Portland Housing Bureau funds up to $300 per unit per year above the line for Resident Services Washington County will provide grant funding for core staffing costs for Resident Services starting in 2011
Funding Levels are Inadequate 87% of owners who pay for RS out of project operations said it did not cover the full costs 91% of owners said inadequate funding is a primary challenge to offering sustainable RS 75% who do not provide RS to all properties said it was because of inadequate resources
CREATING A SUSTAINABLE FUNDING SYSTEM
Where Could the Additional Resources Come From to Support Resident Services? Oregon Housing and Community Services? Private Foundations? Owners? Other State Agencies? Cities? Federal Government? Counties? Local Participating Jurisdictions?
What Mechanisms Could Be Used to Fund Resident Services? Project operating budgets Up front capitalized reserves Renewable grants
Is the Operating Budget the Answer? Operating ExpensesPer Unit Per Year Property Management$XXX Maintenance$XXX Asset Management$XXX Resident Services$400-$700 Utilities$XXX Taxes$XXX Insurance$XXX Administration$XXX Marketing$XXX
Are Capitalized Reserves the Answer? Life of Loan – 20 years Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5.....Year 20 Project Budget Capitalized Reserve covers full 20-year cost
Are Renewable Grants the Answer? Renewable Operating Grant Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5.....Year 20 Project Budget
There Is No Simple Answer Diverse funding sources Multi-pronged funding mechanisms Options vary by location Every project is unique
Balancing Competing Goals for Owners and Populations Unit production Long-term sustainability More households at higher rents Fewer households with greater need Flexible and population- specific services Standardized industry-wide outcomes and expectations
Key Challenges Industry lacks agreement on standards and best practices Current funding levels are inadequate Project operations cannot cover the full cost of Resident Services Funding system is a confusing patchwork with unclear expectations
Oregon ONs Recommendations Industry standards and best practices New resources to support above-the-line funding New resources outside the underwriting processFunder transparency and clarity