Presentation on theme: "Dr. Dean Stenehjem, Superintendent"— Presentation transcript:
1Vision Services and Resources for Young Children who are Visually Impaired Dr. Dean Stenehjem, SuperintendentWashington State School for the BlindJake Koch, StudentEastern Washington UniversityEmily Coleman, Teacher of the Visually Impaired
2Professional Development Washington State School for the BlindStatewide Service Delivery ModelThousands servedthrough EffectivePartnershipsH.R. ServicesTo Local School Dist.Outreach Direct& ConsultativeServicesProfessional DevelopmentSpecialized School ProgramsUniversity & Private PartnersResearch &DevelopmentResourceCenter HubIntensiveOn-campus ProgramsAccessible OnlineLearning5th Year Transition ProgramDigital Research Curriculum Dev.Statewide Assist. Tech. ServicesBraille Production CenterInstructional Resource Center – Regional Lib.Birth to Three Services in CommunitiesPartner – Braille Prison ProgramsStatewide Coordination
3Jake KochBlog Information: “Life Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness in a Sighted World”
4What is a “Teacher of the Visually Impaired?” Trained in Special Education with an emphasis in visual impairmentsWork with providers serving children who have significant vision deficitsProvide support and education to families with a child who is visually impairedProvide direct instruction and consult services
5Misconception #1: Only children who are totally blind need vision services.
6When else might a student need vision services? When they run into obstacles frequently while crawling and/ or walkingWhen they keep their head turned to one side or the other, or at another unique angleWhen they don’t seek out favorite items visuallyWhen they startle easily
7When they don’t make eye contact When they aren’t tracking objects or peopleWhen they hold toys and objects extremely closeWhen they have multiple impairments
15Misconception #2: Teachers of the Visually Impaired (TVI’s) only teach braille.
16Who are my students? (Ages 0-16) 48% are blind (vision isn’t used as primary means of gathering information)46% are low vision6% are deaf-blind21% are braille readers or pre-braille18% are at grade-level61% have a Cortical Visual Impairment
17What does Cortical Visual Impairment (CVI) mean? Eyes often appear normal, but visual processing has been compromisedRequires specialized adaptations and accommodationsIntervention can lead to improved use of vision!!!
18Characteristics include: Color preferenceNeed for movementLight-gazingDifficulty with visual complexityVisual field deficitVisual latencyLack of distance visionAtypical vision reflexesDifficulty with noveltyLack of visually-guided reach(Roman-Lantzy, 2007)
19Services for a Child who is Visually Impaired (Bishop, 2000) Assess functional vision and learning mediaMake educational recommendations – Assist with IFSP/ IEPCollaborate with families and staffRecommend additional assessmentsProvide additional resourcesAssist with transitionsHelp teach the Expanded Core Curriculum…
21Social/ Emotional Needs Compensatory or Functional Academic Skills/ Including CommunicationRecreation and LeisureSensory Efficiency SkillsSelf-DeterminationOrientation and MobilityAssistive TechnologyIndependent Living NeedsCareer Education(AFB, 2014)
27WSSB Specifically:VISION: Independence for blind and visually impaired children.MISSION: To provide specialized quality educational services for visually impaired and blind youth ages birth-21 within the state of Washington.PURPOSE: To serve as a statewide demonstration and resource center and provide direct and indirect services to students both on campus and in the children’s local communities.
28Additional Resources American Foundation for the Blind (www.afb.org) National Federation of the Blind (www.nfb.org)Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (www.tsbvi.org)Washington State School for the Blind (www.wssb.org)Washington State Department of Services for the Blind (www.dsb.wa.gov)Washington Sensory Disabilities Services (www.wsdsonline.org)Family Connect (www.familyconnect.org)Hadley School for the Blind (www.hadley.edu)
29ReferencesAFB. (2014). The expanded core curriculum for blind and visually impaired children and youths. Retrieved fromBishop, V. (2000). Early childhood. In A. Koenig & M. Holbrook (Eds.), Foundations of Education (2 ed., Vol. II, pp ). New York, NY: AFB Press.Chen, D. (2014). Essential elements in early intervention: Visual impairment and multiple disabilities. (2nd ed.). New York, NY: AFB Press.Pogrund, R., & Fazzi, D. (2002). Early focus: Working with young children who are blind or visually impaired and their families. (2nd ed.). New York, NY: AFB Press.Roman-Lantzy, C. (2007). Cortical visual impairment: An approach to assessment and intervention. New York, NY: AFB Press.
30Dr. Dean Stenehjem dean. stenehjem@wssb. wa. gov Emily Coleman emily Dr. Dean Stenehjem Emily Coleman Jake Koch