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Impact of migration on consumption of public services Pamela Meadows National Institute of Economic and Social Research.

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Presentation on theme: "Impact of migration on consumption of public services Pamela Meadows National Institute of Economic and Social Research."— Presentation transcript:

1 Impact of migration on consumption of public services Pamela Meadows National Institute of Economic and Social Research

2 Challenges and caveats Who is a migrant? – Who are non-EEA Tier1/2/4 migrants within wider migrant population? How should UK born children be treated? Children of Mixed couple parents Annual Population Survey 2009 did not have reason for migration Snapshot estimates of impact of current migrant population.

3 What does the literature tell us? Health – Migrants are disproportionately young healthy adults – Focus on particular minority ethnic groups (not necessarily migrants) or disadvantaged migrant groups, especially asylum seekers – Relatively little to say about skilled or higher income groups, although pointers to lower health service use especially GPs – Some concern over costs of interpreters – Some evidence of EU migrants returning home for healthcare rather than using NHS

4 What does the literature tell us? Personal social services – Very low service use (few older/disabled people) Education – increase in pupil numbers resulting from migration – additional demands on schools arising from the needs of some migrant pupils, particularly non-English speakers (30% of London school population) (can be confusion between migrant status and ethnicity) – effects of pupil mobility and 'churn' on schools (often exacerbated by being in deprived area)

5 Groups used in estimating costs 1. Anyone born outside UK (a migrant) 2. Anyone in Group 1 who arrived in the UK in the past five years (a migrant in the last five years) 3. Anyone in Group 2 from outside the EEA who is employed and not a student (a non-EEA economic migrant) 4. Anyone in Group 3 who is in a Tier 1 or 2 occupation Plus their children for all groups

6 Estimation basis No account taken of any above average use of private sector Education: national/London average expenditure for primary/secondary/preschool groups National/London average expenditure by age/gender groups

7 Education spending ExpenditurePopulation £ million£ per head£ per adult % of expend- iture % of population Whole population Non-migrants All migrants Migrant in last 5 years Non-EEA economic migrant (wide definition) Tier 1 or 2 (wide definition) Tier 1 or 2 (London)

8 Health spending ExpenditurePopulation £ million£ per head£ per adult % of expend- iture % of population Whole population 117,6271, Non-migrants 104,9542, All migrants 12,6721,6022, Migrant in last 5 years 2,1101,3021, Non-EEA economic migrant (wide definition) 6691,2681, Tier 1 or 2 (wide definition) 3641,2511, Tier 1 or 2 (London) 1451,5892,


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