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1 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Semantic Web Services: The Web Service Modelling Ontology and IRS-III.

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Presentation on theme: "1 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Semantic Web Services: The Web Service Modelling Ontology and IRS-III."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Semantic Web Services: The Web Service Modelling Ontology and IRS-III John Domingue Knowledge Media Institute, The Open University, UK

2 2 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Contents Semantic Web Services: Problem and Vision Web Services Modelling Ontology Comparison with OWL-S (short) Overview of IRS-III Summary

3 3 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Whats a Web Service? A program programmatically accessible over standard internet protocols Loosely coupled, reusable components Encapsulate discrete functionality Distributed Add new level of functionality on top of the current web

4 4 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Web Services Framework

5 5 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Whats the big deal? In U.S. Web Services Market Analysis, 2002 IDC predicts that Web services will become the dominant distributed computing architecture in the next 10 years. Web services will drive software, services and hardware sales of $21 billion in the U.S. by 2007 and will reach $27 billion in Web services promise easy access to remote content and application functionality, independently of the provider's platform, the location, the service implementation, or the data format. Kuassi Mensah, Oracle Exposure of capabilities

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7 7 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Problems with Web Services Today Descriptions are syntactic All tasks associated with web services application development have to be carried out by humans: –discovery, composition and invocation Problems of scalability

8 8 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Semantic differences remain the primary roadblock to smooth application integration, one which Web Services alone won't overcome. Until someone finds a way for applications to understand each other, the effect of Web services technology will be fairly limited. When I pass customer data across [the Web] in a certain format using a Web Services interface, the receiving program has to know what that format is. You have to agree on what the business objects look like. And no one has come up with a feasible way to work that out yet -- not Oracle, and not its competitors Oracle Chairman and CEO Larry Ellison Larry Says

9 9 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) The problem is not in the plumbing - its in the semantics Mike Brodie, Chief Scientist Verizon

10 10 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) SWS Vision Web (URI, HTML, HTTP) Web Services (UDDI, WSDL, SOAP) Semantic Web (RDF, OWL) Semantic Web Services Dynamic Static Syntax Semantics

11 11 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Semantic Web Services (is) Semantic Web Technology –Machine readable data –Ontological basis Applied to Web Services Technology –Reusable computational resources To automate all aspects of application development through reuse

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13 13 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) SWS Activities (1/2) Usage Process: Publication: Make available the description of the capability of a service Discovery: Locate different services suitable for a given task Selection: Choose the most appropriate services among the available ones Composition: Combine services to achieve a goal Mediation: Solve mismatches (data, protocol, process) among the combined Execution: Invoke services following programmatic conventions

14 14 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) SWS Activities (2/2) Execution support: Monitoring: Control the execution process Compensation: Provide transactional support and undo or mitigate unwanted effects Replacement: Facilitate the substitution of services by equivalent ones Auditing: Verify that service execution occurred in the expected way

15 15 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Web Service Modelling Ontology (WSMO)

16 16 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) WSMO is.. a conceptual model for Semantic Web Services : –Ontology of core elements for Semantic Web Services –a formal description language (WSML) –execution environment (WSMX and IRS-III) … derived from and based on the Web Service Modeling Framework WSMF a SDK-Cluster Working Group (joint European research and development initiative)

17 17 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) SDK-Cluster SEKT (Semantically-Enabled Knowledge Technologies) DIP (Data, Information and Process with Semantic Web Services) Knowledge Web SDK – Cluster

18 18 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) WSMO Working Groups A Conceptual Model for SWS A Formal Language for WSMO A Rule-based Language for SWS Execution Environment for WSMO

19 19 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Web Compliance Ontology-Based Strict Decoupling Centrality of Mediation Ontological Role Separation Description versus Implementation Execution Semantics WSMO Design Principles

20 20 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) WSMO Top Level Notions Objectives that a client wants to achieve by using Web Services Provide the formally specified terminology of the information used by all other components Semantic description of Web Services: - Capability (functional) - Interfaces (usage) Connectors between components with mediation facilities for handling heterogeneities

21 21 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Non-Functional Properties every WSMO elements is described by properties that contain relevant, non-functional aspects Dublin Core Metadata Set: –complete item description –used for resource management Versioning Information –evolution support Quality of Service Information –availability, stability Other –Owner, financial

22 22 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Non-Functional Properties List Dublin Core Metadata Contributor Coverage Creator Description Format Identifier Language Publisher Relation Rights Source Subject Title Type Quality of Service Accuracy NetworkRelatedQoS Performance Reliability Robustness Scalability Security Transactional Trust Other Financial Owner TypeOfMatch Version

23 23 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) WSMO Ontologies Provide the formally specified terminology of the information used by all other components Semantic description of Web Services: - Capability (functional) - Interfaces (usage) Connectors between components with mediation facilities for handling heterogeneities Objectives that a client wants to achieve by using Web Services

24 24 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Ontologies are used as the data model throughout WSMO –all WSMO element descriptions rely on ontologies –all data interchanged in Web Service usage are ontologies –Semantic information processing & ontology reasoning WSMO Ontology Language WSML –conceptual syntax for describing WSMO elements –logical language for axiomatic expressions (WSML Layering) WSMO Ontology Design –Modularization: import / re-using ontologies, modular approach for ontology design –De-Coupling: heterogeneity handled by OO Mediators Ontology Usage & Principles

25 25 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Non functional properties (see before) Imported Ontologies importing existing ontologies where no heterogeneities arise Used mediators OO Mediators (ontology import with terminology mismatch handling) Ontology Elements: Concepts set of concepts that belong to the ontology, incl. Attributes set of attributes that belong to a concept Relations define interrelations between several concepts Functions special type of relation (unary range = return value) Instances set of instances that belong to the represented ontology Axiomsaxiomatic expressions in ontology (logical statement) Ontology Specification

26 26 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) WSMO Web Services Provide the formally specified terminology of the information used by all other components Semantic description of Web Services: - Capability (functional) - Interfaces (usage) Connectors between components with mediation facilities for handling heterogeneities Objectives that a client wants to achieve by using Web Services

27 27 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Capability Specification Non functional properties Imported Ontologies Used mediators –OO Mediator: importing ontologies with mismatch resolution –WG Mediator: link to a Goal wherefore service is not usable a priori Pre-conditions What a web service expects in order to be able to provide its service. They define conditions over the input. Assumptions Conditions on the state of the world that has to hold before the Web Service can be executed Post-conditions describes the result of the Web Service in relation to the input, and conditions on it Effects Conditions on the state of the world that hold after execution of the Web Service (i.e. changes in the state of the world)

28 28 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) WSMO Web Service Description Web Service Implementation (not of interest in Web Service Description) Choreography --- Service Interfaces --- Capability functional description WS - Advertising of Web Service - Support for WS Discovery client-service interaction interface for consuming WS - External Visible Behavior - Communication Structure - Grounding realization of functionality by aggregating other Web Services - functional decomposition - WS composition Non-functional Properties DC + QoS + Version + financial - complete item description - quality aspects - Web Service Management WS Orchestration

29 29 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Choreography and Orchestration VTA example: Choreography = how to interact with the service to consume its functionality Orchestration = how service functionality is achieved by aggregating other Web Services VTA Service Date Time Flight, Hotel Error Confirmation Hotel Service Flight Service Date, Time Hotel Error Date, Time Flight Error When the service is requested When the service requests

30 30 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Choreography Aspects External Visible Behavior –those aspects of the workflow of a Web Service where Interaction is required –described by workflow constructs: sequence, split, loop, parallel Communication Structure –messages sent and received –their order (communicative behavior for service consumption) Grounding –concrete communication technology for interaction –choreography related errors (e.g. input wrong, message timeout, etc.) Formal Model –reasoning on Web Service interfaces (service interoperability) –allow mediation support on Web Service interfaces Interface for consuming Web Service

31 31 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Orchestration Aspects -decomposition of service functionality -all service interaction via choreographies Control Structure for aggregation of other Web Services WS Web Service Business Logic WS State in Orchestration Control Flow Data Flow Service Interaction

32 32 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Service Interface Description Ontologies as data model: –all data elements interchanged are ontology instances –service interface = evolving ontology Abstract State Machines (ASM) as formal framework: –dynamics representation: high expressiveness & low ontological commitment –core principles: state-based, state definition by formal algebra, guarded transitions for state changes –overcome the Frame Problem further characteristics: –not restricted to any specific communication technology –ontology reasoning for service interoperability determination –basis for declarative mediation techniques on service interfaces

33 33 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Service Interface Description Model Vocabulary : –ontology schema(s) used in service interface description –usage for information interchange: in, out, shared, controlled States ω(Ω): –a stable status in the information space –defined by attribute values of ontology instances Guarded Transition GT(ω): –state transition –general structure: if (condition) then (action) –different for Choreography and Orchestration

34 34 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Service Interface Example Ω in hasValues { concept A [ att1 ofType X att2 ofType Y] …} a memberOf A [ att1 hasValue x att2 hasValue y] a memberOf A [ att1 hasValue x, att2 hasValue m] b memberOf B [ att2 hasValue m] IF (a memberOf A [ att1 hasValue x ]) THEN (b memberOf B [ att2 hasValue m ]) State ω 1 Guarded Transition GT(ω 1 ) State ω 2 Ω out hasValues { concept B [ att1 ofType W att2 ofType Z] …} Vocabulary: - Concept A in Ω in - Concept B in Ω out received ontology instance a Communication Behavior of a Web Service sent ontology instance b

35 35 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) WSMO Goals Provide the formally specified terminology of the information used by all other components Semantic description of Web Services: - Capability (functional) - Interfaces (usage) Connectors between components with mediation facilities for handling heterogeneities Objectives that a client wants to achieve by using Web Services

36 36 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Goals Ontological De-coupling of Requester and Provider Derived from task / problem solving methods/domain model Structure and reuse of requests –Search –Diagnose –Classify –Personalise –Book a holiday Requests may in principle not be satisfiable Ontological relationships & mediators used to link goals to web services

37 37 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Goal Specification Non functional properties Imported Ontologies Used mediators –OO Mediators: importing ontologies with heterogeneity resolution –GG Mediator: Goal definition by reusing an already existing goal allows definition of Goal Ontologies Requested Capability –describes service functionality expected to resolve the objective –defined as capability description from the requester perspective Requested Interface –describes communication behaviour supported by the requester for consuming a Web Service (Choreography) –Restrictions / preferences on orchestrations of acceptable Web Services

38 38 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) WSMO Mediators Provide the formally specified terminology of the information used by all other components Semantic description of Web Services: - Capability (functional) - Interfaces (usage) Connectors between components with mediation facilities for handling heterogeneities Objectives that a client wants to achieve by using Web Services

39 39 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Mediation Heterogeneity … –For 1$ on programming, $5 - $9 on integration –Mismatches on structural / semantic / conceptual / level –Assume (nearly) always necessary Description of role –Components that resolve mismatches –Declarative description of arbitrary web service Types of Mediation within Semantic Web Services: (1) Data: mediate heterogeneous Data Sources (2) Protocol: mediate heterogeneous Communication Patterns (3) Process: mediate heterogeneous Business Processes

40 40 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) WSMO Mediators Overview

41 41 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Mediator Structure WSMO Mediator uses a Mediation Service via Source Component Source Component Target Component 1.. n 1 Mediation Services - as a Goal - directly - optionally incl. Mediation

42 42 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) OO Mediator - Example OO Mediator Mediation Service Train Connection Ontology (s1) Purchase Ontology (s2) Train Ticket Purchase Ontology Mediation Services Goal: merge s1, s2 and s1.ticket subclassof s2.product Discovery Merging 2 ontologies

43 43 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) GG Mediators Aim: –Support specification of Goals by re-using existing Goals –Allow definition of Goal Ontologies (collection of pre-defined Goals) –Terminology mismatches handled by OO Mediators Example: Goal Refinement GG Mediator Mediation Service Source Goal Buy a ticket Target Goal Buy a Train Ticket postcondition: aTicket memberof trainticket

44 44 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) WG & WW Mediators WG Mediators: –link a Web Service to a Goal and resolve occurring mismatches –match Web Service and Goals that do not match a priori –handle terminology mismatches between Web Services and Goals broader range of Goals solvable by a Web Service WW Mediators: –enable interoperability of heterogeneous Web Services support automated collaboration between Web Services –OO Mediators for terminology import with data level mediation –Protocol Mediation for establishing valid multi-party collaborations –Process Mediation for making Business Processes interoperable

45 45 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) OWL-S

46 46 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) OWL-S Ontology OWL-S is an OWL ontology to describe Web services OWL-S leverages on OWL to –Support capability based discovery of Web services –Support automatic composition of Web Services –Support automatic invocation of Web services –OWL-S provides a semantic layer over Web services standards OWL-S relies on WSDL for Web service invocation (see Grounding) OWL-s Expands UDDI for Web service discovery (OWL- S/UDDI mapping)

47 47 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) OWL-S Upper Ontology Mapping to WSDL communication protocol (RPC, HTTP, …) marshalling/serialization transformation to and from XSD to OWL Control flow of the service Black/Grey/Glass Box view Protocol Specification Abstract Messages Capability specification General features of the Service Quality of Service Classification in Service taxonomies

48 48 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) WSMO OWL-S Comparison Historical –OWL-S planning (agents) –WSMO knowledge modelling and B2B integration Representation –OWL-S based on OWL –WSMO on WSML family WSMO explicit conceptualisation of user context WSMO explicit conceptualisation of mediation WSMO Interfaces process model –WSMO provides choreography + orchestration while OWL-S provides only orchestration –WSMO service interface description model with ASM-based formal semantics –OWL-S formal semantics has been developed in very different frameworks such as Situation Calculus, Petri Nets, Pi-calculus –OWL-S Process Model is extended by SWRL / FLOWS OWL-S Grounding current WSMO Grounding

49 49 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) IRS-III: A framework and platform for building Semantic Web Services

50 50 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) The Internet Reasoning Service is an infrastructure for publishing, locating, executing and composing Semantic Web Services

51 51 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Design Principles Ontological separation of User and Web Service Contexts Capability Based Invocation Ease of Use One Click Publishing Agnostic to Service Implementation Platform Connected to External Environment Open Complete Descriptions Inspectable Interoperable with SWS Frameworks and Platforms

52 52 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Features of IRS-III (1/2) Based on Soap messaging standard Provides Java API for client applications Provides built-in brokering and service discovery support Provides capability-centred service invocation

53 53 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Features of IRS-III (2/2) Publishing support for variety of platforms –Java, Lisp, Web Applications, Java Web Services Enables publication of standard code –Provides clever wrappers –One-click publishing of web services Integrated with standard Web Services world –Semantic web service to IRS –Ordinary web service

54 54 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) IRS-3 Server Domain Models Web Service Specifications + Registry of Implementors Goal Specifications + SOAP Binding IRS Publisher S O A P IRS Client SOAP IRS Publisher Lisp Java Java WS IRS-III Framework

55 55 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) LispWeb Server IRS-III Architecture IRS-III Server WS Publisher Registry OCML WSMO Library OWL(-S) Handler OWL(-S) Browser Invocation Client Publishing Clients SOAP Handler SOAPSOAP Publishing Platforms Web Service Java Code Web Application SOAP Browser Handler Publisher Handler Invocation Handler JavaAPIJavaAPI WSMX

56 56 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Publishing Platform Architecture IRS-III Publishing Platform HTTP Server SOAP Handler Service Registrar Service Invoker WS Service Registry IRS-III Server Invocation Client SOAP Publishing Clients SOAP Web Service 1 Web Service 2 Web Service 3

57 57 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) IRS-III/WSMO differences Underlying language OCML Goals have inputs and outputs IRS-III broker finds applicable web services via mediators –Used mediator within WS capability –Mediator source = goal Web services have inputs and outputs inherited from goal descriptions Web service selected via assumption (in capability)

58 58 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) IRS-III Demo

59 59 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) SUMMARY Web Services are –Reusable programs available over the web –Match business services Semantic web services –Applies semantic web technology to web services WSMO –Ontology, Goal, Web Service and Mediator Ontological separation of requester and provider context –Mediation as first class citizen IRS-III –One click publishing –Capability based invocation –Implements WSMO

60 60 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) IRS-III References IRS-III website: J. Domingue, L. Cabral, F. Hakimpour, D. Sell and E. Motta: IRS-III: A Platform and Infrastructure for Creating WSMO-based Semantic Web Services. Proceedings of the Workshop on WSMO Implementations (WIW 2004) Frankfurt, Germany, September 29-30, 2004, CEUR Workshop Proceedings, ISSN , online J. Domingue and S. Galizia: Towards a Choreography for IRS-III. Proceedings of the Workshop on WSMO Implementations (WIW 2004) Frankfurt, Germany, September 29-30, 2004, CEUR Workshop Proceedings, ISSN , online Cabral, L., Domingue, J., Motta, E., Payne, T. and Hakimpour, F. (2004). Approaches to Semantic Web Services: An Overview and Comparisons. In proceedings of the First European Semantic Web Symposium (ESWS2004); May 2004, Heraklion, Crete, Greece. Motta, E., Domingue, J., Cabral, L. and Gaspari, M. (2003) IRS-II: A Framework and Infrastructure for Semantic Web Services. In proceedings of the 2nd International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC2003) October 2003, Sundial Resort, Sanibel Island, Florida, USA.

61 61 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) WSMO References The central location where WSMO work and papers can be found is WSMO Working Group: WSMO languages – WSML Working Group: WSMO implementation –WSMX working group : –WSMX open source can be found at: https://sourceforge.net/projects/wsmx/ https://sourceforge.net/projects/wsmx/

62 62 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) WSMO References [WSMO Specification]: Roman, D.; Lausen, H.; Keller, U. (eds.): Web Service Modeling Ontology, WSMO Working Draft D2, final version 1.2, 13 April [WSMO Primer]: Feier, C. (ed.): WSMO Primer, WSMO Working Draft D3.1, 18 February [WSMO Choreography and Orchestration] Roman, D.; Scicluna, J., Feier, C. (eds.): Ontology-based Choreography and Orchestration of WSMO Services, WSMO Working Draft D14, 01 March [WSMO Use Case] Stollberg, M.; Lausen, H.; Polleres, A.; Lara, R. (ed.): WSMO Use Case Modeling and Testing, WSMO Working Drafts D3.2; D3.3.; D3.4; D3.5, 05 November [WSML] de Bruijn, J. (Ed.): The WSML Specification, WSML Working Draft D16, 03 February 2005.

63 63 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) WSMO References [Arroyo et al. 2004] Arroyo, S., Lara, R., Gomez, J. M., Berka, D., Ding, Y. and Fensel, D: "Semantic Aspects of Web Services" in Practical Handbook of Internet Computing. Munindar P. Singh, editor. Chapman Hall and CRC Press, Baton Rouge [Berners-Lee et al. 2001] Tim Berners-Lee, James Hendler, and Ora Lassila, The Semantic Web. Scientific American, 284(5):34- 43, [Chen et al., 1993] Chen, W., Kifer, M., and Warren, D. S. (1993). HILOG: A foundation for higher-order logic programming. Journal of Logic Programming, 15(3): [Fensel, 2001] Dieter Fensel, Ontologies: Silver Bullet for Knowledge Management and Electronic Commerce, Springer- Verlag, Berlin, 2001.

64 64 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) WSMO References [ Gruber, 1993] Thomas R. Gruber, A Translation Approach to Portable Ontology Specifications, Knowledge Acquisition, 5: , [Grosof et al., 2003] Grosof, B. N., Horrocks, I., Volz, R., and Decker, S. (2003). Description logic programs: Combining logic programs with description logic. In Proc. Intl. Conf. on the World Wide Web (WWW- 2003), Budapest, Hungary. [Kifer et al., 1995] Kifer, M., Lausen, G., and Wu, J. (1995). Logical foundations of object-oriented and frame-based languages. JACM, 42(4): [Pan and Horrocks, 2004] Pan, J. Z. and Horrocks, I. (2004). OWL-E: Extending OWL with expressive datatype expressions. IMG Technical Report IMG/2004/KR-SW-01/v1.0, Victoria University of Manchester. Available from [Stencil Group] -

65 65 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) WSMO References OWL-- - OWL Flight – [Völz, 2004] Völz, R. (2004). Web Ontology Reasoning with Logic Databases. PhD thesis, AIFB, Karlsruhe. WSML-Core – [WSMO Standard] Roman, D.; Lausen, H.; Keller, U. (eds.): Web Service Modeling Ontology - Standard (WSMO - Standard) v 1.0, WSMO Working Draft D2, 16 August [WSMO Choreography] Roman, D.; Stollberg, M.; Vasiliu, L.; Bussler, C.:(eds.): Choreography in WSMO, WSMO Working Draft D14, 17 August [WSMO Orchestration] Roman, D.; Vasiliu, L.; Bussler, C.: (eds.): Orchestration in WSMO, WSMO Working Draft D15, 29 May [WSMO Use Case] Stollberg, M.; Lausen, H.; Polleres, A.; Lara, R. (ed.): WSMO Use Case Modeling and Testing, WSMO Working Draft D3.2, 19 July 2004.

66 66 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) References OWL-S The main repository of papers on OWL-S is at s/pub-archive.htmlhttp://www.daml.org/services/owl- s/pub-archive.html The main source of information on OWL-S is the Web site

67 67 The Third Summer School on Ontological Engineering and the Semantic Web (SSSW'05) Acknowledgements IRS-III was developed within the AKT, MIAKT and DIP projects. The IRS-III team also includes: Liliana Cabral, Stefania Galizia, Vlad Tanasescu, Alessio Gugliotta and Enrico Motta The WSMO work is funded by the European Commission under the projects DIP, Knowledge Web, SEKT, SWWS, AKT and Esperonto; by Science Foundation Ireland under the DERI-Lion project; and by the Vienna city government under the CoOperate program.


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