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Ecosystem Services and Urban Forestry Greg Arthaud USDA Forest Service Research & Development.

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Presentation on theme: "Ecosystem Services and Urban Forestry Greg Arthaud USDA Forest Service Research & Development."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ecosystem Services and Urban Forestry Greg Arthaud USDA Forest Service Research & Development

2 Forest Service R&D Who we are and what have we done? Who we are and what have we done? Upcoming research and activities Upcoming research and activities Research needs Research needs

3 Forest Service R&D Who we are and what have we done? Who we are and what have we done? Upcoming research and activities Upcoming research and activities Research needs Research needs

4 FS R&D FS R&D –Washington Office –Stations

5 Merger of North Central and Northeastern in 2007

6 People and Their Environments: Social Science Supporting Natural Resource Management and Policy Lynne Westphal Lynne Westphal –Project Leader 14 scientists 14 scientists –Morgan Grove –Dave Bengston –Paul Gobster

7 Cost of potential emerald ash borer damage in U.S communities, Using real estate records to assess forest land parcelization and development: A Minnesota case study UFORE (i-Tree Eco) Analysis of Chicago Assessing urban forest effects and values, Chicago's urban forest Cultivating resilience: urban stewardship as a means to improving health and well-being Restorative Commons: Creating Health and Well-Being Through Urban Landscapes Recent publications

8 Urban Forests, Environmental Quality and Human Health David Nowak David Nowak –Project Leader 5 scientists 5 scientists –Eric Greenfield –Robert Hoehn –Gordon Heisler

9 Urban and community forests of the North Central East region: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Wisconsin Assessing the potential for urban trees to facilitate forest tree migration in the eastern United States Urban and community forests of the North Central West region: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota Urban and community forests of the South Central East region: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, Tennessee UFORE (i-Tree Eco) Analysis of Chicago Assessing urban forest effects and values, Chicago's urban forest Recent publications

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11 State-of-the-art, peer- reviewed software suite State-of-the-art, peer- reviewed software suite Used for: Used for: –Assessing street tree populations –Assessing urban ecosystems

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13 Center for Urban Forest Research (Davis, CA) Greg McPherson Greg McPherson –Project Leader Recent Publications: Recent Publications: –Capturing carbon in your community: New reporting protocol for tree planting projects. –Trees and the clean air act: Strategic tree planting in Sacramento. –A method for locating potential tree-planting sites in urban areas: A case study of Los Angeles, USA. –Hydrologic processes at the urban residential scale. –Maybe Only God Can Make a Tree, But Only People Can Put a Price On It.

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15 Other R&D activities Forest Inventory & Analysis (FIA) Forest Inventory & Analysis (FIA) –Urban FIA? Price tag about $3 million/yr Treesearch Treesearch

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17 Other R&D activities ACES ACES A Community on Ecosystem Services A Community on Ecosystem Services Multi-agency Multi-agency –ACES Conference 2 nd to be held in December in Phoenix 2 nd to be held in December in Phoenix –ACES Forum Community of Practice Community of Practice Currently in development Currently in development

18 Other R&D activities ULTRA-Ex ULTRA-Ex –Urban Long-Term Research Areas (Exploratory) –NSF/USFS joint funding: Focus: research on dynamic interactions between people and natural ecosystems in urban settings in ways that will advance both fundamental and applied knowledge Focus: research on dynamic interactions between people and natural ecosystems in urban settings in ways that will advance both fundamental and applied knowledge –21 sites funded over past 3 years Typical grant of $250,000 to $300,000 Typical grant of $250,000 to $300,000 –Locations: Hawaii; New Jersey (Rahway River); Normal, IL; Triangle region NC; Miami-Dade; Tampa Bay; Syracuse; Boston; Los Angeles; Phoenix-Tucson; Cleveland; San Juan, PR; Charlotte; DC-Baltimore-Chesapeake; Arizona gradient; Portland; Fresno- Clovis; Orlando Hawaii; New Jersey (Rahway River); Normal, IL; Triangle region NC; Miami-Dade; Tampa Bay; Syracuse; Boston; Los Angeles; Phoenix-Tucson; Cleveland; San Juan, PR; Charlotte; DC-Baltimore-Chesapeake; Arizona gradient; Portland; Fresno- Clovis; Orlando

19 Upcoming research & activities i-Tree additions (partial list) i-Tree additions (partial list) –i-Tree Hydro Effects of tree cover on water flow/quality Effects of tree cover on water flow/quality –i-Tree Forecast Simulates tree data and benefits for up to 100 years. Simulates tree data and benefits for up to 100 years. –i-Tree Spatial Map changes in canopy cover / ecosystem services. Map changes in canopy cover / ecosystem services. –i-Tree Landscape Proposed concept to link to regional issues Proposed concept to link to regional issues

20 Upcoming research & activities Northern Forest Futures Project Northern Forest Futures Project –revealing how todays trends and choices can change the future landscape of the Northeast and Midwest. –Process: existing assessments and inventories existing assessments and inventories scoping of trends and public issues scoping of trends and public issues builds alternative futures builds alternative futures analyzes what those futures mean for people and forests analyzes what those futures mean for people and forests delivers an educational outreach that allows individuals, organizations, and resource managers to directly assess what difference possible lifestyle, policy and management choices make to the well-being of their communities and forests. delivers an educational outreach that allows individuals, organizations, and resource managers to directly assess what difference possible lifestyle, policy and management choices make to the well-being of their communities and forests.

21 Upcoming research & activities ULTRA ULTRA –Framework is still being developed –RFP likely to go out by end of 2010 –Very similar to LTER sites (BES, CAP)… –Likely elements: Funding of 6 sites Funding of 6 sites $1 million/site/year for 5 years $1 million/site/year for 5 years Mix of large urban and smaller (e.g. under 100,000 population) sites Mix of large urban and smaller (e.g. under 100,000 population) sites

22 Upcoming research & activities Urban Waters Federal Partnership Urban Waters Federal Partnership –In development –Focus on reconnecting urban populations with their local water bodies. National Ecosystem Services Partnership (NESP) National Ecosystem Services Partnership (NESP) –Initiated by EPA and being implemented through Duke University –Function: Inventory of current activities Inventory of current activities Research needs and gap assessment Research needs and gap assessment Communication (collaboration with ACES) Communication (collaboration with ACES)

23 Ecosystem Services Task Team Multi-agency OSTP / CENR Current research priorities fall into five categories: Current research priorities fall into five categories: –How do ecosystems and their variability relate to the supply of distinct ecosystem services? –What is the current status of key ecosystem services and how can they be mapped? –How do human activities at multiple spatial and temporal scales impact the supply of distinct ecosystem services? –How can management or altered human behaviors and expectations mitigate impacts to the supply of distinct ecosystem services? –How can market and non-market values of ecosystem services be estimated and represented in models and other tools? In addition, one translation priority can be articulated: In addition, one translation priority can be articulated: –How can discoveries and research outcomes be incorporated into a useful body of knowledge and tools for effective decision making by both the public and private sectors?


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