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Presentation on theme: "INCORPORATING GHS INTO MALAYSIA OSH REGULATIONS"— Presentation transcript:


2 Presentation Scope Background CLASS Regulations
Industry Code of Practice on Chemical Classification and Hazard Communication (ICOP CCHC) Chemical Information Management System (CIMS) CLASS- What Next ? DOSH’s Wishes


National Coordinating Committee for GHS Implementation (NCCGHS) formed in 2006 led by the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) and represented by various ministries, government departments, industry associations and civil societies


6 Purpose of CLASS Regulations
Legislation framework to control supply of hazardous chemicals to place of work by prescribing methodology on classification, packaging, labelling and safety data sheets Inline with commitment to implement the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) to workplace sector as recommended by the UN

7 APPLICATION Supply of chemical for use at workplace
CLASS REGULATIONS: Occupational Safety and Health (Chemical Classification, Labelling and Safety Data Sheets) Regulations EXEMPTION Radioactive Scheduled wastes Cosmetics Drug R & D chemicals Pesticides & chemical in transit before export except SDS APPLICATION Supply of chemical for use at workplace PRINCIPAL SUPPLIER Formulator Manufacturer Importer Recycle Reformulator Repacker Distributer Retailer SUBSIDIARY SUPPLIER - Manufacturer - Importer 1. CLASSIFICATION Classify chemicals: Physical Hazard Health Hazard Environmental Hazard Maintain classification record 2. LABELLING Product identifier Supplier name, add. & no. tel. Signal word Hazard pictogram Precautionary statement Dimension of label – 4th Schedule 3. SDS Furnish SDS for each hazardous chemicals Format of SDS: 16 section 4. PACKAGING Safe packaging and follow specified requirements. 5. INVENTORY Submit every year before 31st March Maintained in good condition Special labelling (Small container ≤ 125 ml) Product identifier Statement “read SDS before use” Supplier name, add. & no. tel. Hazard pictogram use of transportation hazard pictogram on outer packaging Signal word Confidential Business Information (CBI) Chemical name Concentration of ingredient

CLASSIFICATION LABELLING INVENTORY PACKAGING SUBSIDIARY SUPPLIER PRINCIPAL SUPPLIER Manufacturer, Formulator, Importer, Recycler or Reformulator Repacker, Distributor or Retailer SDS Manufacturer & Importer

9 Hazard Classification
Physical Hazard HAZARD CLASS HAZARD CATEGORY 1. Explosives Unstable explosive Div 1.1 Div 1.2 Div 1.3 Div 1.4 Div 1.5 Div 1.6 2. Flammable gases Cat 1 Cat 2 3. Flammable aerosols 4. Flammable liquids Cat 3 Cat 4* 5. Flammable solids 6. Oxidizing gases 7. Oxidizing liquids 8. Oxidizing solids 9. Gases under pressure Compressed gas Liquefied gas Refrigerated gas Dissolved gas 10. Self-reactive chemicals Type A Type B Type C Type D Type E Type F Type G 11. Pyrophoric liquids 12. Pyrophoric solids 13. Self-heating chemicals 14. Chemicals which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases 15. Organic peroxides 16. Corrosive to metals *not included in CLASS Regulations

10 Hazard Classification
Health Hazard HAZARD CLASS HAZARD CATEGORY 1. Acute toxicity (oral) Cat 1 Cat 2 Cat 3 Cat 4 Cat 5* 2. Acute toxicity (dermal) 3. Acute toxicity (inhalation) 4. Skin corrosion/irritation Cat 1A/1B/1C (1) Cat 3* 5. Serious eye damage/eye irritation 6. Respiratory sensitisation 7. Skin sensitisation 8. Germ cell mutagenicity Cat 1A/1B (1) 9. Carcinogenicity 10. Reproductive toxicity Effect on or via lactation 11. Specific target organ toxicity – single exposure 12. Specific target organ toxicity – repeated exposure 13. Aspiration hazard Cat 2* *not included in CLASS Regulations

11 Hazard Classification
Environmental Hazard HAZARD CLASS HAZARD CATEGORY 1. Hazardous to aquatic environment – acute hazard Cat 1 Cat 2* Cat 3* 2. Hazardous to aquatic environment – chronic hazard Cat 2 Cat 3 Cat 4 3. Hazardous to the ozone layer *not included in CLASS Regulations

12 Industry Code of Practice on Chemical Classification and Hazard Communication (ICOP CCHC)

13 ICOP –CCHC Purpose : Detailing requirements specified in CLASS Regulations Part 1: List of classified chemicals – 228 Chemicals Part 2: Guide to classifying hazardous chemicals that are not listed in Part 1 Part 3: Safety Data Sheets and Labelling Part 4 : Confidential Business Information (CBI)

14 Detailing CLASS Regulations
Industrial Code of Practice (ICOP) Part 1 Example: No Chemical Name CAS No. Classification Labelling Classification Code H-code Signal Word Hazard pictogram 1 Acetaldehyde; Ethanal Flam. Liq. 1 Carc.2 Eye Irrit. 2 STOT SE 3 H224 H351 H319 H335 Danger Flame Health Hazard Exclamation mark List of ready to use information on hazardous chemicals with globally harmonised hazard classification and labelling elements as required by CLASS Regulations Detailing CLASS Regulations Part 2 Physical (16) Health (11) Environmental (3) Limited to specific names & exact concentrations (indicate info withholdment on SDS) Disclosed to DG upon request (confidentiality protected) CBI Guide to classifying hazardous chemicals that are not listed in Part 1 Mixture Part 4 Provides the standardised format of harmonised system for hazard communication Tested as a whole Identification of substance/mixture Gather info Translate hazard class ID of relevant data Review of data Decision on hazard class Determine hazard communication element Previously classified based on UNRTDG or EU/CPL 1997 Sufficient data to classify? Hazardous? Classified Not classified as hazardous Not possible to classify No Yes Not tested as a whole Identification of substance/mixture Apply bridging principle ID of relevant data Classification for individual ingredient (refer tested as a whole) Decision on hazard class Determine hazard communication element Sufficient data on similar tested mixtures? Sufficient data to determine hazard class for the mixture? Hazardous? Classified Not classified as hazardous Not possible to classify No Yes Dilution Batching Conc. of highly toxic mixtures Interpolation within one toxic category Substantially similar mixtures Aerosols Part 3 Safety Data Sheets Classifying process Guidance on SDS format and min. required info ID of chemical & supplier Phys. & chem. properties Hazards ID Stability & reactivity Composition/info on ingredients Toxicology info Ecological info First aid measures Disposal considerations Fire-fighting measures Transport info Accidental release measures Regulatory info Others Handling & storage Exposure control/personal protection *The info provided must be in this particular order* Based on INTRINSIC hazardous properties


16 Supplier Understanding on CPL,1997
Cross sectional study Self administered questionnaires 163 respondents answer DRAFT

17 Supplier Understanding on GHS
Cross sectional study Self administered questionnaires 159 respondents answer DRAFT

18 Willingness to attend CLASS/GHS Training Program
Cross sectional study Self administered questionnaires 122 respondents answer DRAFT

19 2013 & 2014 Activities 2013 2014 ACTIVITIES 1
J F M A O S N D 1 CLASS Workshop for DOSH Officers 2 ICOP CLASS Discussion Session with Industries and NGOs 3 Update & Review of GHS Training Module for Industries 4 Update & Review of CLASS Regulations Seminar Module 5 Drafting of an Enforcement Manual for CLASS Regulations 6 Drafting of a Guideline on the Use of CLASS Enforcement Checklist 7 Develop CLASS Calculator

20 2013 & 2014 Activities 2013 2014 ACTIVITIES 8
J F M A O S N D 8 Review of the Guidelines on the Use of CIMS for Manufacturer and Importer 9 Launching of the CLASS Regulations 10 Conduct CLASS Regulations Seminar 11 Distribution of Circular on the Gazetting of CLASS Regulations 12 Promulgation of the Gazetting of CLASS Regulations to Suppliers 13 Briefing on the Use of CIMS and System Trial Session for the Industries 14 Conduct CLASS Clinic for Small & Medium Industries

21 CLASS- What Next ?

PETROL TANPA PLUMBUM-GRED PREMIUM Hydrocarbon (Hidrokarbon) > 99% Benzene (Benzena) < 1% HAZARD STATEMENT Extremely flammable liquid and vapour Toxic if inhaled Causes skin and eye irritation Suspected of causing cancer (inhalation) PRECAUTIONARY STATEMENT Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces-No smoking. Avoid breathing vapour. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wash hands thoroughly after handling. Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Manufacturer: Oil Company, 515 Touhy Avenue, Des Plaines, IL 60018 (Pengilang) USA. (24 hr Emergency Tel. No: ) Supplier: Syarikat Minyak Petrol Sdn. Bhd., 1126K Jalan Kg. Attap, (Pembekal) Kuala Lumpur (Tel : , ) DANGER BAHAYA PERNYATAAN HAZARD Cecair dan wap teramat mudah bakar Toksik jika tersedut Menyebabkan kerengsaan kulit dan mata Disyaki menyebabkan kanser (tersedut) PERNYATAAN BERJAGA-JAGA Jauhkan dari haba/percikan api/nyalaan terbuka/permukaan panas-Dilarang merokok. Elakkan daripada menyedut wap. Gunakan hanya di luar bangunan atau di dalam kawasan yang dialihudarakan dengan baik. Basuh tangan bersih-bersih selepas mengendalikan bahan. Dapatkan arahan khas sebelum menggunakan bahan. Jangan kendalikan bahan sehingga semua langkah berjaga-jaga keselamatan telah dibaca dan difahami.


24 Occupational Safety and Health ( Use and Standards of Exposure of Chemicals Hazardous to Health) Regulations 2000 2. Chemical Health Risk Assessment (CHRA) Introduction of Simple Risk Assessment and Control for Chemicals (SiRAC) Development of SiRAC & CHRA Online

25 last assessment > 5 years
Form SA1 Chemical register * SDS- BP,VP, Risk phrase * Label *Task and work process * Existing control measures 1. Gather Information 1.INTRODUCTION to help an employer to carry out a simple assessment on the use of chemicals hazardous to health at the workplace to meet duties under USECHH. 2. Identify chemical Form SA 2 Is it pesticides? Yes No SiRAC (Simple Risk Assessment Control for Chemicals) 3. Get R-Phases or H-Code Hazard group A B C D S 2. APPLICATION Does NOT apply to the following types of chemicals: 1. not listed in chemical register 2. chemical classified as : -carcinogenicity category 1; -mutagenicity category 1 or 2; or -respiratory sensitization category 1. 3. process generated dusts and fumes 4. organic dust 5. gases 6. scheduled waste (1st schedule in EQR 2005) Only covered routes of entry: Inhalation -Skin absorption Get Hazard Group-Use Table 3.1 and Table 3.2 4. ASSESSMENT STEPS 4. Scale of use-Use Table 3.3 Small Medium Large Liquid- to decide volatility - Use Table 3.5a or 3.5b or Figure 3.1 Solid- level of dustiness - Use Table 3.4 Low Medium High Low Medium High CA1- General Ventilation CA2- Engineering control CA3- Containment  CA4- Special 5. Selection of control approach- Use Table 3.6 R43≥0.1% but <0.5% Frequency & Duration Adjustments= Threshold of 15 minutes’ use per day is applied. Rules for mixtures= volatility should relate to the major component of the mixture. Use Table 3.7 3. WHO CAN CONDUCT? Who have knowledge on : how to interpret (SDS) work processes and tasks basic principle of (HIRARC) basic requirement of OSHA, USECHH and relevant guidelines. Have been trained on SiRAC.  have knowledge on the Simple Risk Assessment and Control for Chemicals (SiRAC) manual. 6. Select control guidance sheets (CGS) (P100, P101, P102, P103, P104)-Use Table 3.9 6. Selection of task specific control guidance sheet-Use Table 3.8 Suitability Practically 7. Develop and implement action plan significant change new/ improved CM last assessment > 5 years directed by KP 8. Review assessment

26 Radioactive materials Pharmaceutical products
Apply to all work places within the jurisdiction of the act excepts chemicals which are :- Radioactive materials foodstuffs Explosive or flammable properties when at high/low temperature/ high presurre Pharmaceutical products Labelling Information risk to health precautionary steps monitoring resuls Health surveillance results SDS Training review and conduct at least once in 2 years changes in hazard information on CHH, safe work practices/control measure new work/task removed defaced modified alter Instructions Re-labelling Employee is no longer has detected medical condition Not pregnant / breastfeeding anymore Return to former job when Use Standard Exposure Chemical Hazardous to Health Control Exposure Permissible Exposure Limit When exposed to CHH – increase risk of material impairment to health Pregnant / breastfeeding employee TWA 8 hrs Ceiling limit MEL Control measure hierarchy proposed Medical Removal Protection OHD OSH Officer cum Medical Practitioner Employees exposed/ likely to be exposed to chemicals hazardous to health/ protection of the health of employees Identification Average quantity used, produced/stored per month/per year each of chemical hazardous to helath CSDS List all of chemicals hazardous to health (CHH) Process and work area where chemical hazardous to health are used Name and address of the supplier Chemical register Health Surveillance Assessment (CHRA) Record : 30 years : accessible to employer Monitoring Exposure Depends on Done by Assessor register with DOSH Assessor hired by employer Report Furnish to employer within 1 month of the completion of the assessment if assessment carried out indicates immediate danger – immediately inform the employer about the danger maintaned not less than 30 years Re-assessment Significant change in the work more than 5 years elapsed since the last assessment directed by DG/ DDG/ D Schedule II Interval : ≤ 12 month if CHH under Schedule 2 : monitoring interval ≤ 6 month until assessor satisfied that further monitoring of exposure is no longer required Conducted by Hygiene Technician except confined space. Record : 30 years – CHH : 5 years - others Medical Surveillance (OHD) FOR DOSH INTERNAL USE ONLY BPK 2011

INFO SOURCES Chemical register+CSDS; Labels; Interviews; Layout plan; Process flowchart; Engineering control records; Accidents & incidents; Monitoring program; Health surveillance; Training program; PPE program Work Unit means group of workers having similar potential for exposure: Similar tasks Same chemicals BASIS Health effects Hazard classification H-code/hazard statement BASIS Scheduled waste code Has knowledge and basic skills to do assessment Registered with DOSH Routine entry Non-routine entry Table 1A Table 1B 1.DECIDING CHEMICAL RISK ASSESSOR 2. GATHER INFORMATION 3. DIVIDE INTO WORK UNITS 4. DETERMINE DEGREE OF HAZARD 8.REPORT ASSESSMENT 7. CONCLUDE ASSESSMENT 6. ASSESS ADEQUACY OF CONTROLS 5. EVALUATE EXPOSURE Quantitative Qualitative Prescribed format HR X ER = RR Adequacy Use Effectiveness Maintenance Monitoring result Degree Release Degree contact ACTION PRIORITIES: AP1 if RR≥15, control inadequate AP2 if RR<15, control inadequate AP3 if RR<25, control adequate Submit to employer within 1 month after completion Summary to DOSH office Copy to DG Assign FDR Consider Additive Effect Technical Control Elimination Substitution Total enclosure Isolation Modify parameters Engineering Provision PPE Organizational control Adoption of safe work systems and practices Providing information, instruction and training Monitoring of exposures Medical surveillance Personal hygiene Incident recovery measures Emergency procedures Medical emergency response MR ER 8-STEPS CHRA ER=5, if confirmed reported occupational disease

28 DOSH’s Wishes

29 i.Simplification of GHS Purple Book
GHS Essential Web based Interactive Tools for

30 ii. Synergizing of the Implementation of GHS in Various Sectors
L EAD AGENCY 1. Industrial Workplace Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH) 2. Pesticides Pesticides Board, Ministry of Agriculture 3. Transport Ministry of Transport 4. Consumer Products Ministry of Domestic Trade, Co-Operatives and Consumerism SYNERGIZE 30

31 iii. Existence of Global Chemical Safety Management Index (GCS- i)
Enhance countries commitment to further improve chemical management standard and practices Currently significant variation among countries in the chemical management practices Better recognition for excellent chemical management expert through out the world Leads to great improvement in the standard of health, safety and environment

Global Competitiveness Index (World Economic Forum) 25/144 2 Ease of Doing Business (World Bank) 12/185 3 Environmental Performance Index EPI (Yale University) 25/132 4 International Tourist Arrival (UNWTO) 9 5 Cost of living ( Kuala Lumpur) 102/214 1USD = Breakfast 2USD = Lunch & Dinner


34 GCSi ? = 1X

35 Kuala Lumpur World No 4 Best Retire Heaven
4. Malaysia. In Malaysia, you can live quite comfortably. For instance, you can rent a sea-view apartment on Penang Island for $1,000 a month. Plus, Malaysia has a unique retirement benefit called the My Second Home program, which is open to all foreigners who want to retire to one of Asia’s best-value destinations, International Living said. And while it might not seem so, the editors said Malaysia is also an easy place in which to integrate. You’ll find plenty of locals who want to practice their English-speaking skills. And you can catch a feature movie — in English — for $4. And there’s a good infrastructure in place for retirees. There’s Internet access, quality roads and cell phone coverage, among other must-haves for ex-pats. Prescher had this advice for retirees and would-be retirees who want to retire abroad. Make sure you spend as much time on the ground in the country to which you plan to retire. Vacationing in a country is much different from living there. When you vacation somewhere, you never really have to open a bank account or order phone service. Instead, he suggests renting a place in your retirement haven.

36 Terima Kasih


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