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1 INCORPORATING GHS INTO MALAYSIA OSH REGULATIONS CLASS REGULATIONS.

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Presentation on theme: "1 INCORPORATING GHS INTO MALAYSIA OSH REGULATIONS CLASS REGULATIONS."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 INCORPORATING GHS INTO MALAYSIA OSH REGULATIONS CLASS REGULATIONS

2 Presentation Scope Background CLASS Regulations Industry Code of Practice on Chemical Classification and Hazard Communication (ICOP CCHC) Chemical Information Management System (CIMS) CLASS- What Next ? DOSHs Wishes 2

3 CHEMICAL LEGISLATIONS AND ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES IN MALAYSIA

4 IMPLEMENTATION OF GHS IN MALAYSIA National Coordinating Committee for GHS Implementation (NCCGHS) formed in 2006 led by the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) and represented by various ministries, government departments, industry associations and civil societies

5 DRAFT5

6 Purpose of CLASS Regulations Legislation framework to control supply of hazardous chemicals to place of work by prescribing methodology on classification, packaging, labelling and safety data sheets Inline with commitment to implement the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) to workplace sector as recommended by the UN 6

7 1. CLASSIFICATION Classify chemicals: Physical Hazard Health Hazard Environmental Hazard Maintain classification record 2. LABELLING Product identifier Supplier name, add. & no. tel. Signal word Hazard pictogram Precautionary statement Dimension of label – 4 th Schedule 3. SDS Furnish SDS for each hazardous chemicals Format of SDS: 16 section 4. PACKAGING Safe packaging and follow specified requirements. 5. INVENTORY Submit every year before 31 st March Maintained in good condition APPLICATION Supply of chemical for use at workplace - Manufacturer - Importer EXEMPTION Radioactive Scheduled wastes Cosmetics Drug R & D chemicals Pesticides & chemical in transit before export except SDS SUBSIDIARY SUPPLIER Special labelling (Small container 125 ml) Product identifier Statement read SDS before use Supplier name, add. & no. tel. Hazard pictogram -use of transportation hazard pictogram on outer packaging Signal word CLASS REGULATIONS: Occupational Safety and Health (Chemical Classification, Labelling and Safety Data Sheets) Regulations Confidential Business Information (CBI) Chemical name Concentration of ingredient PRINCIPAL SUPPLIER Repacker Distributer Retailer Formulator Manufacturer Importer Recycle Reformulator

8 8 RESPONSIBILITIES OF SUPPLIER CLASSIFICATION LABELLING INVENTORY PACKAGING SUBSIDIARY SUPPLIER PRINCIPAL SUPPLIER Manufacturer, Formulator, Importer, Recycler or Reformulator Repacker, Distributor or Retailer Manufacturer & Importer SDS

9 9 HAZARD CLASSHAZARD CATEGORY 1. Explosives Unstable explosive Div 1.1Div 1.2Div 1.3Div 1.4Div 1.5Div Flammable gases Cat 1Cat 2 3. Flammable aerosols Cat 1Cat 2 4. Flammable liquids Cat 1Cat 2Cat 3 Cat 4* 5. Flammable solids Cat 1Cat 2 6. Oxidizing gases Cat 1 7. Oxidizing liquids Cat 1Cat 2Cat 3 8. Oxidizing solids Cat 1Cat 2Cat 3 9. Gases under pressure Compressed gas Liquefied gas Refrigerated gas Dissolved gas 10. Self-reactive chemicals Type AType BType CType DType EType FType G 11. Pyrophoric liquids Cat Pyrophoric solids Cat Self-heating chemicals Cat 1Cat Chemicals which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases Cat 1Cat 2Cat Organic peroxides Type AType BType CType DType EType FType G 16. Corrosive to metals Cat 1 Hazard Classification * not included in CLASS Regulations Physical Hazard

10 HAZARD CLASS HAZARD CATEGORY 1. Acute toxicity (oral) Cat 1Cat 2Cat 3 Cat 4 Cat 5* 2. Acute toxicity (dermal) Cat 1Cat 2Cat 3 Cat 4 Cat 5* 3. Acute toxicity (inhalation) Cat 1Cat 2Cat 3 Cat 4 Cat 5* 4. Skin corrosion/irritation Cat 1A/1B/1C (1)Cat 2 Cat 3* 5. Serious eye damage/eye irritation Cat 1Cat 2 6. Respiratory sensitisation Cat 1 7. Skin sensitisation Cat 1 8. Germ cell mutagenicity Cat 1A/1B (1)Cat 2 9. Carcinogenicity Cat 1A/1B (1)Cat Reproductive toxicity Cat 1A/1B (1)Cat 2 Effect on or via lactation 11. Specific target organ toxicity – single exposure Cat 1Cat 2Cat Specific target organ toxicity – repeated exposure Cat 1Cat Aspiration hazard Cat 1 Cat 2* 10 Hazard Classification Health Hazard * not included in CLASS Regulations

11 11 HAZARD CLASSHAZARD CATEGORY 1. Hazardous to aquatic environment – acute hazard Cat 1 Cat 2*Cat 3* 2. Hazardous to aquatic environment – chronic hazard Cat 1Cat 2Cat 3 Cat 4 3. Hazardous to the ozone layer Cat 1 Hazard Classification Environmental Hazard * not included in CLASS Regulations

12 Industry Code of Practice on Chemical Classification and Hazard Communication (ICOP CCHC)

13 ICOP –CCHC Purpose : Detailing requirements specified in CLASS Regulations Part 1: List of classified chemicals – 228 Chemicals Part 2: Guide to classifying hazardous chemicals that are not listed in Part 1 Part 3: Safety Data Sheets and Labelling Part 4 : Confidential Business Information (CBI)

14 Detailing CLASS Regulations Industrial Code of Practice (ICOP) Part 3 List of ready to use information on hazardous chemicals with globally harmonised hazard classification and labelling elements as required by CLASS Regulations Guide to classifying hazardous chemicals that are not listed in Part 1 Provides the standardised format of harmonised system for hazard communication Part 2 Part 1 Classifying process Based on INTRINSIC hazardous properties Guidance on SDS format and min. required info 1.ID of chemical & supplier 2.Hazards ID 3.Composition/info on ingredients 4.First aid measures 5.Fire-fighting measures 6.Accidental release measures 7.Handling & storage 8.Exposure control/personal protection 9.Phys. & chem. properties 10.Stability & reactivity 11.Toxicology info 12.Ecological info 13.Disposal considerations 14.Transport info 15.Regulatory info 16.Others *The info provided must be in this particular order* Physical (16) Health (11) Environmental (3) Mixture Safety Data Sheets No Chemical Name CAS No. ClassificationLabelling Classification CodeH-code Signal WordHazard pictogram 1 Acetaldehyde; Ethanal Flam. Liq. 1 Carc.2 Eye Irrit. 2 STOT SE 3 H224 H351 H319 H335 H224 H351 H319 H335 Danger Flame Health Hazard Exclamation mark Tested as a whole Identification of substance/mixture Gather info Translate hazard class ID of relevant data Review of data Decision on hazard class Determine hazard communication element Previously classified based on UNRTDG or EU/CPL 1997 Sufficient data to classify? Hazardous? Classified Not classified as hazardous Not possible to classify No Yes No Yes No Not tested as a whole Identification of substance/mixture Apply bridging principle ID of relevant data Classification for individual ingredient (refer tested as a whole) Decision on hazard class Determine hazard communication element Sufficient data on similar tested mixtures? Sufficient data to determine hazard class for the mixture? Hazardous? Classified Not classified as hazardous Not possible to classify No Yes Dilution Batching Conc. of highly toxic mixtures Interpolation within one toxic category Substantially similar mixtures Aerosols Yes No Example: Part 4 CBI Limited to specific names & exact concentrations (indicate info withholdment on SDS) Disclosed to DG upon request (confidentiality protected)

15 CHEMICALS INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (CIMS)

16 Supplier Understanding on CPL,1997 Cross sectional study Self administered questionnaires 163 respondents answer 16DRAFT

17 Supplier Understanding on GHS Cross sectional study Self administered questionnaires 159 respondents answer 17DRAFT

18 Willingness to attend CLASS/GHS Training Program Cross sectional study Self administered questionnaires 122 respondents answer 18DRAFT

19 2013 & 2014 Activities ACTIVITIES JFMAMJJOSONDJFMAMJJOSOND 1CLASS Workshop for DOSH Officers 2ICOP CLASS Discussion Session with Industries and NGOs 3Update & Review of GHS Training Module for Industries 4Update & Review of CLASS Regulations Seminar Module 5Drafting of an Enforcement Manual for CLASS Regulations 6Drafting of a Guideline on the Use of CLASS Enforcement Checklist 7Develop CLASS Calculator

20 ACTIVITIES JFMAMJJOSONDJFMAMJJOSOND 8Review of the Guidelines on the Use of CIMS for Manufacturer and Importer 9Launching of the CLASS Regulations 10Conduct CLASS Regulations Seminar 11Distribution of Circular on the Gazetting of CLASS Regulations 12Promulgation of the Gazetting of CLASS Regulations to Suppliers 13Briefing on the Use of CIMS and System Trial Session for the Industries 14Conduct CLASS Clinic for Small & Medium Industries 2013 & 2014 Activities

21 CLASS- What Next ?

22 UNLEADED GASOLINE-Premium Grade PETROL TANPA PLUMBUM-GRED PREMIUM Hydrocarbon (Hidrokarbon) > 99% Benzene (Benzena) < 1% HAZARD STATEMENT Extremely flammable liquid and vapour Toxic if inhaled Causes skin and eye irritation Suspected of causing cancer (inhalation) PRECAUTIONARY STATEMENT Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces-No smoking. Avoid breathing vapour. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wash hands thoroughly after handling. Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Manufacturer: Oil Company, 515 Touhy Avenue, Des Plaines, IL (Pengilang) USA. (24 hr Emergency Tel. No: ) Supplier: Syarikat Minyak Petrol Sdn. Bhd., 1126K Jalan Kg. Attap, (Pembekal) Kuala Lumpur (Tel : , ) DANGER BAHAYA PERNYATAAN HAZARD Cecair dan wap teramat mudah bakar Toksik jika tersedut Menyebabkan kerengsaan kulit dan mata Disyaki menyebabkan kanser (tersedut) PERNYATAAN BERJAGA-JAGA Jauhkan dari haba/percikan api/nyalaan terbuka/permukaan panas-Dilarang merokok. Elakkan daripada menyedut wap. Gunakan hanya di luar bangunan atau di dalam kawasan yang dialihudarakan dengan baik. Basuh tangan bersih-bersih selepas mengendalikan bahan. Dapatkan arahan khas sebelum menggunakan bahan. Jangan kendalikan bahan sehingga semua langkah berjaga-jaga keselamatan telah dibaca dan difahami.

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24 1.Occupational Safety and Health ( Use and Standards of Exposure of Chemicals Hazardous to Health) Regulations Chemical Health Risk Assessment (CHRA) 3.Introduction of Simple Risk Assessment and Control for Chemicals (SiRAC) 4.Development of SiRAC & CHRA Online

25 CA1- General Ventilation CA2- Engineering control CA3- Containment CA4- Special SiRAC (Simple Risk Assessment Control for Chemicals) 2. APPLICATION Does NOT apply to the following types of chemicals: 1. not listed in chemical register 2. chemical classified as : -carcinogenicity category 1; -mutagenicity category 1 or 2; or -respiratory sensitization category process generated dusts and fumes 4. organic dust 5. gases 6. scheduled waste (1 st schedule in EQR 2005) Only covered routes of entry: -Inhalation -Skin absorption 3. WHO CAN CONDUCT? Who have knowledge on : 1.how to interpret (SDS) 2.work processes and tasks 3.basic principle of (HIRARC) 4.basic requirement of OSHA, USECHH and relevant guidelines. 5.Have been trained on SiRAC. 6. have knowledge on the Simple Risk Assessment and Control for Chemicals (SiRAC) manual. 4. ASSESSMENT STEPS 1.INTRODUCTION to help an employer to carry out a simple assessment on the use of chemicals hazardous to health at the workplace to meet duties under USECHH. Solid- level of dustiness - Use Table 3.4Table 3.4 Solid- level of dustiness - Use Table 3.4Table Selection of control approach- Use Table 3.6Table Selection of task specific control guidance sheet-Use Table 3.8Table Identify chemical Liquid- to decide volatility - Use Table 3.5a or 3.5b or Figure 3.1Table 3.5a 3.5bFigure Select control guidance sheets (CGS) (P100, P101, P102, P103, P104)-Use Table 3.9P100,Table Scale of use-Use Table 3.3Table Gather Information Get Hazard Group-Use Table 3.1 and Table 3.2 Table 3.1 Table Get R-Phases or H-Code 8. Review assessment 7. Develop and implement action plan No Yes Is it pesticides ? Form SA1 Chemical register * SDS- BP,VP, Risk phrase * Label *Task and work process * Existing control measures Small Medium Large Low Medium High Low Medium High Suitability Practically significant change new/ improved CM last assessment > 5 years directed by KP Hazard group A B C D S R430.1% but <0.5% Frequency & Duration Adjustments= Threshold of 15 minutes use per day is applied. Rules for mixtures= volatility should relate to the major component of the mixture. Use Table 3.7Table 3.7 Form SA 2

26 Use Standard Exposure Chemical Hazardous to Health Identification Average quantity used, produced/stored per month/per year each of chemical hazardous to helath CSDS List all of chemicals hazardous to health (CHH) Process and work area where chemical hazardous to health are used Name and address of the supplier Chemical register Assessment (CHRA) Assessment (CHRA) Done by Assessor register with DOSH Assessor hired by employer Report Furnish to employer within 1 month of the completion of the assessment if assessment carried out indicates immediate danger – immediately inform the employer about the danger maintaned not less than 30 years Re- assessment Significant change in the work more than 5 years elapsed since the last assessment directed by DG/ DDG/ D Permissible Exposure Limit Monitoring Exposure Radioactive materialsfoodstuffs Explosive or flammable properties when at high/low temperature/ high presurre Pharmaceutical products Apply to all work places within the jurisdiction of the act excepts chemicals which are :- Depends on if CHH under Schedule 2 : monitoring interval 6 month until assessor satisfied that further monitoring of exposure is no longer required Conducted by Hygiene Technician except confined space. Record : 30 years – CHH : 5 years - others Health Surveillance Employees exposed/ likely to be exposed to chemicals hazardous to health/ protection of the health of employees Medical Surveillance (OHD) Schedule II Interval : 12 month Record : 30 years : accessible to employer Medical Removal Protection OHD OSH Officer cum Medical Practitioner Pregnant / breastfeeding employee Instructions Return to former job when Employee is no longer has detected medical condition Not pregnant / breastfeeding anymore When exposed to CHH – increase risk of material impairment to health Labelling removed defaced modified alter Re-labelling Information risk to health precautionary steps monitoring resuls Health surveillance results SDS Training review and conduct at least once in 2 years changes in hazard information on CHH, safe work practices/control measure new work/task proposed Control Exposure TWA 8 hrs Ceiling limit MEL TWA 8 hrs Ceiling limit MEL Control measure hierarchy FOR DOSH INTERNAL USE ONLYBPK 2011

27 1.DECIDING CHEMICAL RISK ASSESSOR 5. EVALUATE EXPOSURE 7. CONCLUDE ASSESSMENT 4. DETERMINE DEGREE OF HAZARD 3. DIVIDE INTO WORK UNITS 6. ASSESS ADEQUACY OF CONTROLS 2. GATHER INFORMATION 8.REPORT ASSESSMENT Has knowledge and basic skills to do assessment Registered with DOSH INFO SOURCES Chemical register+CSDS; Labels; Interviews; Layout plan; Process flowchart; Engineering control records; Accidents & incidents; Monitoring program; Health surveillance; Training program; PPE program Work Unit means group of workers having similar potential for exposure: Similar tasks Same chemicals Routine entry Non-routine entry Table 1ATable 1B BASIS Health effects Hazard classification H-code/hazard statement BASIS Scheduled waste code Monitoring result Degree Release Degree contact MR Assign FDR ER ER=5, if confirmed reported occupational disease Quantitative Qualitative Adequacy Use Effectiveness Maintenance Organizational control Adoption of safe work systems and practices Providing information, instruction and training Monitoring of exposures Medical surveillance Personal hygiene HRRRER X = ACTION PRIORITIES: AP1 if RR15, control inadequate AP2 if RR<15, control inadequate AP3 if RR<25, control adequate Submit to employer within 1 month after completion Summary to DOSH office Copy to DG 8-STEPS CHRA 8-STEPS CHRA Consider Additive Effect Technical Control Elimination Substitution Total enclosure Isolation Modify parameters Engineering Provision PPE Incident recovery measures Emergency procedures Medical emergency response Prescribed format

28 DOSHs Wishes

29 i.Simplification of GHS Purple Book GHS Essential Web based Interactive Tools for

30 ii. Synergizing of the Implementation of GHS in Various Sectors SECTORL EAD AGENCY 1.Industrial Workplace Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH) 2.PesticidesPesticides Board, Ministry of Agriculture 3.TransportMinistry of Transport 4.Consumer Products Ministry of Domestic Trade, Co- Operatives and Consumerism SYNERGIZE

31 Enhance countries commitment to further improve chemical management standard and practices Currently significant variation among countries in the chemical management practices Better recognition for excellent chemical management expert through out the world Leads to great improvement in the standard of health, safety and environment iii. Existence of Global Chemical Safety Management Index (GCS- i)

32 Malaysia NOKEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORRANKS (2012) 1Global Competitiveness Index (World Economic Forum) 25/144 2Ease of Doing Business (World Bank) 12/185 3Environmental Performance Index EPI (Yale University) 25/132 4International Tourist Arrival (UNWTO)9 5Cost of living ( Kuala Lumpur)102/214 1USD = Breakfast 2USD = Lunch & Dinner

33 GLOBAL PEACE IDEX 2012

34 GCSi ? = 1X

35 Kuala Lumpur World No 4 Best Retire Heaven 4. Malaysia. In Malaysia, you can live quite comfortably. For instance, you can rent a sea-view apartment on Penang Island for $1,000 a month. Plus, Malaysia has a unique retirement benefit called the My Second Home program, which is open to all foreigners who want to retire to one of Asias best-value destinations, International Living said. And while it might not seem so, the editors said Malaysia is also an easy place in which to integrate. Youll find plenty of locals who want to practice their English-speaking skills. And you can catch a feature movie in English for $4. And theres a good infrastructure in place for retirees. Theres Internet access, quality roads and cell phone coverage, among other must- haves for ex-pats. Prescher had this advice for retirees and would-be retirees who want to retire abroad. Make sure you spend as much time on the ground in the country to which you plan to retire. Vacationing in a country is much different from living there. When you vacation somewhere, you never really have to open a bank account or order phone service. Instead, he suggests renting a place in your retirement haven. retirement-havens

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