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Research conducted by… Dr. Ruth Massingill Sam Houston State University (Texas) Teesside University (England) As part of a larger project… …to examine.

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Presentation on theme: "Research conducted by… Dr. Ruth Massingill Sam Houston State University (Texas) Teesside University (England) As part of a larger project… …to examine."— Presentation transcript:


2 Research conducted by… Dr. Ruth Massingill Sam Houston State University (Texas) Teesside University (England) As part of a larger project… …to examine HIV/AIDS social marketing campaigns in Mexico, Uganda & USA Overall aim was to… …understand which appeals and approaches are most effective in motivating lifestyle changes to prevent HIV/AIDS infection and improve treatment results

3 HIV/AIDS & Social Marketing 33+ million people living w/ HIV/AIDS (2010) Infection rates on the rise among high-risk groups 14,000 new infections DAILY Behavioural problem, not a medical problem Complacency driving decline in safe sex Social marketing could be social vaccine Must understand the AIDS landscape, marketing theory & practice, and the evolving medical picture

4 Knowledge & Perceptions Survey Purpose: Gather baseline info establishing perceived knowledge level of a high-risk, high- interest downstream audience Method: Anonymous surveys with separate signed consent forms (English & Spanish) Place: Legacy Clinic in Houston (November 2009) Sample selection: By consent and convenience Sample size: 342 valid surveys collected over four-day period (90+% participation)

5 T he 50,000 HIV/AIDS cases in Houston are not the result of cognitive information deficitsthe problem is high-risk behaviours. People with HIV are the medical equivalent of skydivers; they are risk-takers and thrill seekers. Paul Simmons, director Center for AIDS Information & Advocacy, Houston

6 Demographics 66% (identified themselves as) male 42% heterosexual, 38% homosexual, and 10% bisexual 37% white, 36% black, 16% Hispanic, 11% other 31% aged 37-47, 26% were 26-36, 23% were 48- 58, 16% were 18-25 48% high school graduates and 33% college graduates 31% HIV-negative, 54% HIV-positive

7 Data Analysis Analysed first in terms of simple descriptives Followed by cross tabs to determine significant associations (Pearsons chi-square test) Responses to statements divided into groups and tested for reliability This paper focuses on findings and conclusions from initial analysis.

8 Responses to Q1 From which of these sources have you learned about HIV/AIDS in the past 4-5 years?

9 Q1 (cont)

10 Responses to Q2 Rate each of these sources of HIV/AIDS information according to how credible (believable) they have been in your experience.

11 Q2 (cont)

12 Responses to Q3 Please check the response that best represents how you feel about these statements.

13 Q3 (cont)


15 Responses to Q4 Mark all of these HIV/AIDS treatments you have heard of. Based on your experience, mark all treatments you think can be effective in treating HIV/AIDS.


17 Survey Findings: Info Sources Most popular sources 1. Television 2. Magazines 3. Family/friends (48%) 4. OR Newspapers (48%) 5. Radio 6. Books Most credible sources 1. Medical websites 2. OR Conventional MDs (both 57%) 3. Television 4. Books 5. HIV/AIDS websites 6. Magazines

18 Survey Findings: Info Sources Least popular sources 1. Alternative MDs 2. Social media 3. Emails 4. Blogs/online bulletin boards 5. Religious organisations 6. E-newsletters Least credible sources 1. Social media 2. Fellow workers 3. Religious organisations 4. Emails 5. Family/friends 6. Blogs/online bulletin boards

19 Survey Reaction Interviews Conventional doctor: Abstinence programs are not working and drug cocktails dont work for all. Advocate: HIV-positive people are fatigued: they have technology mediated sex lives and they are tired of that. Al ternative doctor: Survey participants incredibly ignorant about treatments available and their effectiveness.

20 Conclusions Traditional media sources still important and credible Social media least credible Alarming number of knowledge gaps regarding HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment and global trends. Lack of information about medical facts Statistical assessment indicates HIV-positive group needs info on HIV treatment options

21 Survey Comments Its sad we have gotten comfortable with these diseases. To really educate yourself, you have to make an effort. Bisexual man, HIV-positive Taking this survey made me realize how much I dont know about HIV/AIDS. Straight woman, HIV-negative Knowledge is power! Gay man, HIV-positive

22 Future Work Most research has focused on how HIV/AIDs prevention programmes are workinglittle done regarding treatment options Opportunities to implement a customised transdisciplinary marcon model at Houston clinics Include conventional and alternative information about treatment choices Holistic research touches many disciplines: many publishing/presentation possibilities Survey could be replicated with other groups

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