Presentation on theme: "Emergency Action And Fire Prevention. Session Objectives You will be able to: Understand hazards that lead to an emergency Evacuate an area in an emergency."— Presentation transcript:
Emergency Action And Fire Prevention
Session Objectives You will be able to: Understand hazards that lead to an emergency Evacuate an area in an emergency Respond to an emergency Protect yourself from fire and other hazards Prevent fires Respond to fires and spills
Are You Prepared? 200 people die and 5,000 are hurt annually in workplace fires and explosions. How would you react to a fire alarm? Do you know your role if there was a major chemical spill? What would you do in a natural disaster such as a violent storm?
Regulatory Requirements 29 CFR to Evacuation and exit routes Alarm systems Protective measures Training Emergency action and fire prevention plans
Fire Hazards Fuels Flammable and combustible liquids Ignition sources Machine overheating Welding Smoking
Electrical Fire Hazards Overloaded electrical systems Frayed or damaged wiring Defective machinery or power tools
Flammable Chemical Hazards Dont smoke around flammable chemicals Store properly Dispense properly Read MSDSs and labels Know the flash point Know the NFPA label system Respond properly to spills
Identifying Hazards Any questions about specific hazards that can cause an emergency?
Evacuation Sound the Alarm Remove yourself from danger Alert others, activate alarm system Backup alarm Automatic notification
Evacuation Emergency Contacts Fire department Police department Ambulance Medical clinic Hospital
Evacuate Evacuation coordinators Head count Medical Shut down equipment Fire/chemical responders
Evacuation Preparedness Keep fire exits clear Participate in drills and provide feedback Become familiar with evacuation coordinators and head-count personnel
Evacuation Procedures Recognize the evacuation signal and listen for instructions Shut down equipment using the emergency stop Go directly to the nearest safe exit Proceed to the assembly area
Emergency Shutdown Designated employees shut down non-essential operations
Rescue and Medical Treatment Leave rescue work to trained professionals Designated first-aid workers perform first aid Follow medical emergency procedures
Notification and Evacuation Any questions?
Fire Prevention Housekeeping Keep your work area clean and organized Keep dusts away from motors and hot machinery Dispose of oily or solvent-soaked rags appropriately Dont let combustible materials accumulate Keep exits clear Maintain access to fire response equipment
Respond to Chemical Spills Evacuate the area Notify a supervisor or the emergency response team Remove ignition sources (if safe to do so)
Respond to Fires Remove yourself from danger Notify others; trigger the alarm Retrieve a fire extinguisher Call for additional help If fighting a fire, continually evaluate for the necessity of evacuation Dont fight structural fires yourself
Fire Response Extinguishing Equipment Portable extinguisher Fire hose Fire suppression systems
Extinguisher Types AFor combustibles such as trash, wood, or paper BFor flammable liquids or gases CFor electrical fires DFor combustible metals such as magnesium
Extinguisher Use Pull the pin Aim at the base of the fire Squeeze the trigger Sweep back and forth
Fire Prevention and Response Any questions about responding to an emergency? Any questions about your role?
Key Points to Remember Fires, chemicals, natural disasters, and violence are causes of emergencies Prevention better than reaction Protect yourself; alert others Know your role in an evacuation Use fire-fighting equipment only if trained Ask your supervisor