Presentation on theme: "Être et les verbes en ER. ÊTRE = TO BE This is one of the most important and most used verbs in the French language. It has an irregular conjugation (meaning,"— Presentation transcript:
Être et les verbes en ER
ÊTRE = TO BE This is one of the most important and most used verbs in the French language. It has an irregular conjugation (meaning, it doesnt follow any specific pattern) and therefore must be memorized in all of its forms.
Remember this chant: Encore ! Je suis Tu es Il est Elle est On est Nous sommes Vous êtes Ils sont Elles sont ÊTRE, to be
So what do they mean? Encore ! = Again! Je suis = I am Tu es = You are Il est = He is Elle est = She is On est = We are Nous sommes = We are Vous êtes = You guys are / You (the authority figure) are Ils sont = they (boys, mixed group) are Elles sont = They (girls only) are ÊTRE, to be
Activités Orales avec: être
MEDICINE BALL NAME GAME 1.Introduce yourself using the verb être: Je suis (name). 2.Then roll ball to another person and state his / her name. Il/elle est (name). 3.That person thanks the one who rolled the ball to them and introduces themselves and then the next person. Merci (ball rollers name). Je suis (name). Il/ elle est (name).
Conjugating verbs that end in ER If the infinitive (the basic form of a verb, without binding it to a particular subject or tense (to eat, to sleep,…) of a regular French verb ends in -er, -ir, or -re, you can follow a fixed pattern in conjugating the verb. If you learn to conjugate one verb in each of the groups, you will know how to conjugate hundreds of others!
Steps for conjugating an ER verb 1.Remove the ER ending. Whats left is called the root, stem or radical. 2.Add the ending that corresponds to the desired subject to the root. 3.The endings of ER verbs are as follow: Subject Pronoun EndingSubject Pronoun Ending Je- eNous- ons Tu - esVous- ez Il / Elle / On- eIls / Elles- ent
ER verbs are the easiest to conjugate because only 1 of them (aller) is irregular and does not follow this pattern. These are called les verbes du premier groupe.
You can remember them easily by learning this tune. Sing to the tune of Frère Jacques e es x2 e ons, ons ez, ez, ez x2 ent, ent x2