Presentation on theme: "CONJUGATING ER, IR & RE VERBS"— Presentation transcript:
1CONJUGATING ER, IR & RE VERBS Present Tense of regular verbs
2STEPS FOR CONJUGATION: Find the root (aka, the stem or radical) of the verb by removing the last 2 letters from the infinitive (they will either be “er”, “ir” or “re”.Remember, an infinitive, is the most basic, unconjugated form of a verb. It is the “name” you will find it under, in a dictionary.A verb in the infinitive form usually translates as “to + verb”, in English.Ex: Manger = to eatAdd the ending that matches your chosen subject (je, tu, il/elle, …) to the root.
3Révisons! ER VERBS ~ LES VERBES EN “ER” Subject PronounEndingJe-eTu-esIl / Elle / OnNous-onsVous-ezIls / Elles-ent
4ALL ER VERBS FOLLOW THIS PATTERN, EXCEPT “ALLER” Subject PronounEndingJevaisTuvasIl / Elle / OnvaNousallonsVousallezIls / Ellesvont
5REGULAR VS. IRREGULAR VERBS Regular verbs always follow the pattern I teach you.Irregular verbs don’t necessarily follow a set pattern and must be memorized.The most important irregular verbs are: être, avoir, aller, vouloir, pouvoir, faire & prendre.
6THE NEAR FUTURE ~ LE FUTUR PROCHE Remember, you can also talk about things you’ll do in the near future by conjugating the verb “aller”, in the present tense, and adding an infinitive verb after it.NEAR FUTURE = ALLER (IN PRESENT) + INFINITIVEJe vais manger. ~ I am going to eat.Tu vas danser. ~ You are going to dance.Il va dormir. ~ He is going to sleep.Nous allons étudier. ~ We are going to study.Vous allez chanter. ~ You guys are going to sing.Ils vont travailler. ~ He is going to work.
7IR VERBS~ LES VERBES EN “IR” Subject PronounEndingJe-isTuIl / Elle / On-itNous-issonsVous-issezIls / Elles-issent
8COMMON REGULAR IR VERBS accomplir=to accomplishfinirto finishgrandirto grow upgrossirto put on weightmaigrirto loose weightmincirto slim downobéirto obeyremplirto fillréfléchirto think, to reflectréussirto succeedvieillirto grow oldThe green portions of these words should remind you of adjectives we’ve learned, that have a similar meaning to their verb counterparts.
9RE VERBS~ LES VERBES EN “RE” Subject PronounEndingJe-sTuIl / Elle / On-add nothingNous-onsVous-ezIls / Elles-ent
10COMMON REGULAR RE VERBS attendre(Careful! This one does not mean what it looks like it would mean!)=to waitdescendreto go downentendreto hearperdreto loserendreto give back, to returnrépondreto answer
11COMPARISON CHART What patterns do you see ? ER IR RE Je e is s Tu es Il / Elle / OnitRemove ending & don’t add anythingNousonsissonsVousezissezIls / EllesentissentWhat patterns do you see ?
12SEMI-REGULAR VERBSThere is also a category of verbs called “semi-regular” verbs, which means they mostly follow the pattern taught, with the exception of minor spelling changes, for phonetic reasons.(“These spelling rules generally aim to keep the relationship consistent between a letter -or sequence of letters- and the sound represented.”)Ex: s’appeler = to call oneselfJe m’appelle Madame Benford.Nous nous appelons.An additional “l” is added to the root, for pronunciation purposes, in certain forms, and removed for others.
13SEMI-REGULAR VERBSDon’t worry too much about this category, for now, but if interested, you can read more about them here: