Presentation on theme: "CONJUGATING ER, IR & RE VERBS Present Tense of regular verbs."— Presentation transcript:
CONJUGATING ER, IR & RE VERBS Present Tense of regular verbs
STEPS FOR CONJUGATION: 1.Find the root (aka, the stem or radical) of the verb by removing the last 2 letters from the infinitive (they will either be er, ir or re. 1.Remember, an infinitive, is the most basic, unconjugated form of a verb. It is the name you will find it under, in a dictionary. 2.A verb in the infinitive form usually translates asto + verb, in English. 1.Ex: Manger = to eat 2.Add the ending that matches your chosen subject (je, tu, il/elle, …) to the root.
Révisons! ER VERBS ~ LES VERBES EN ER Subject PronounEnding Je-e Tu-es Il / Elle / On-e Nous-ons Vous-ez Ils / Elles-ent
ALL ER VERBS FOLLOW THIS PATTERN, EXCEPT ALLER Subject PronounEnding Jevais Tuvas Il / Elle / Onva Nousallons Vousallez Ils / Ellesvont
REGULAR VS. IRREGULAR VERBS Regular verbs always follow the pattern I teach you. Irregular verbs dont necessarily follow a set pattern and must be memorized. The most important irregular verbs are: être, avoir, aller, vouloir, pouvoir, faire & prendre.
THE NEAR FUTURE ~ LE FUTUR PROCHE Remember, you can also talk about things youll do in the near future by conjugating the verb aller, in the present tense, and adding an infinitive verb after it. NEAR FUTURE = ALLER (IN PRESENT) + INFINITIVE Je vais manger. ~ I am going to eat. Tu vas danser. ~ You are going to dance. Il va dormir. ~ He is going to sleep. Nous allons étudier. ~ We are going to study. Vous allez chanter. ~ You guys are going to sing. Ils vont travailler. ~ He is going to work.
IR VERBS~ LES VERBES EN IR Subject PronounEnding Je-is Tu-is Il / Elle / On-it Nous-issons Vous-issez Ils / Elles-issent
accomplir=to accomplish finir=to finish grandir=to grow up grossir=to put on weight maigrir=to loose weight mincir=to slim down obéir=to obey remplir=to fill réfléchir=to think, to reflect réussir=to succeed vieillir=to grow old COMMON REGULAR IR VERBS The green portions of these words should remind you of adjectives weve learned, that have a similar meaning to their verb counterparts.
RE VERBS~ LES VERBES EN RE Subject PronounEnding Je-s Tu-s Il / Elle / On-add nothing Nous-ons Vous-ez Ils / Elles-ent
COMMON REGULAR RE VERBS attendre (Careful! This one does not mean what it looks like it would mean!) = to wait (Careful! This one does not mean what it looks like it would mean!) descendre=to go down entendre=to hear perdre=to lose rendre=to give back, to return répondre=to answer
COMPARISON CHART ERIRRE Jeeiss Tuesiss Il / Elle / Oneit Remove ending & dont add anything Nousonsissonsons Vousezissezez Ils / Ellesentissentent What patterns do you see ?
SEMI-REGULAR VERBS There is also a category of verbs called semi- regular verbs, which means they mostly follow the pattern taught, with the exception of minor spelling changes, for phonetic reasons. – (These spelling rules generally aim to keep the relationship consistent between a letter -or sequence of letters- and the sound represented.) Ex: sappeler = to call oneself – Je mappelle Madame Benford. – Nous nous appelons. An additional l is added to the root, for pronunciation purposes, in certain forms, and removed for others.
SEMI-REGULAR VERBS Dont worry too much about this category, for now, but if interested, you can read more about them here: linguistics.co.uk/grammar/presenttense_semir eg_phon.shtml linguistics.co.uk/grammar/presenttense_semir eg_phon.shtml