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Transition in Epilepsy The Transition of Patients with Epilepsy from Paediatric to Adult Care Services across the Aneurin Bevan Health Board Kostov, C.,

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Presentation on theme: "Transition in Epilepsy The Transition of Patients with Epilepsy from Paediatric to Adult Care Services across the Aneurin Bevan Health Board Kostov, C.,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Transition in Epilepsy The Transition of Patients with Epilepsy from Paediatric to Adult Care Services across the Aneurin Bevan Health Board Kostov, C., Lewis, H., Syed, N., Lawthom, C., James, L., Capeling, L., Spender- Thomas, K., Barber, M.

2 Personal Reasons for Interest in Audit Paediatrics Personal experience of difficulties of falling between paediatric and adult care Similar age to those transitioning

3 Background - Epilepsy Newly emerging sub-specialism Paediatricians developing specialist interest Transition is recognized as an area for improvement in the care of young people with epilepsy 1,2

4 First teenage epilepsy clinic – Liverpool 1991 University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff (17 years) Specialist Tertiary Teenage Clinic ABHB – past 18 months Joint clinics are emerging as a way of facilitating the transfer to adult care


6 An Action Plan following the results of the Epilepsy12 National Audit suggested that ABHB: establish a transition care pathway and to formalize handover clinics 3

7 Objectives for Audit 1.Current Practice 2.Professionals perspectives 3.Views of patients and parents/carers

8 Case ascertainment Records of notes of patients discharged from Paediatric Epilepsy Specialist Nurse services Learning Disability Transition Database Consultant-led & Nurse-led Transition Clinic Lists

9 What we did: 1.Case Notes Review 1.Questionnaire to professionals 2.Questionnaire to patients and parents/carers

10 Results 19/34 (56%) of patients had learning disabilities 22/34 (62%) had other co-morbidities (Cerebral Palsy, Autism, Sensory impairment) 24/34 patients were referred: 7/24 (29%) of referrals made requested advice regarding diagnosis, investigations and medication Only 13/24 (54%) referrals made based on age alone

11 First Appointments in Adult setting: Only 3 patients had transitional planning meetings recorded 2 attended by educational / social workers Only 2 patients had a transition coordinator documented (62% had co-morbidities) 16/22 ( 73% ) patients attended a joint clinic: 17/22 ( 77% ) had additional problems recorded 15/22 ( 68% ) had medications altered

12 What did Professionals Think? 73% of Paediatric Professionals rated current transition as Poor

13 Confusion regarding Referral Pathways… 1. All to Adult Neurologist (A) Based on complexity and control of epilepsy: (B) Based on learning disabilities: (C) Based on complexity/control of epilepsy & whether additional learning disabilities: 2. Complex epilepsy to teenage clinic UHW, all others to adult neurologist 3. Complex to adult neurologist, well controlled to GP 4. Learning disability to Learning Disability/Psychiatry services and LD nurse, all others to GP 5. Learning disabilities to Psychiatrist, complex epilepsy to adult neurologist, all others to GP. 10/11 (91%) of paediatric professionals felt a transition proforma would be helpful…

14 Collaborative working between professionals: Only 4/8 ( 50% ) of consultant paediatricians felt they work closely with adult neurologists, and vice-versa 3/6 (50%). 4/9 adult and 4/11 paediatricians ran transition clinics At handover, adult specialists wanted to know about medication history, diagnostic work-up and lifestyle Information provided incomplete and variable

15 8/20 (40%) professionals had received training in transition 14/20 were aware of transition policies – only 3 felt able to adhere to them

16 Views of Professionals Explicit transition care pathway Better coordinated approach between Paeds and Adult Neurology and Learning disability services, and health, education and social services Main areas for improvement:

17 Views of Professionals… Current practice variable with no uniformity in provision of transition services It is crucial that ABHB recognize and support both paediatric and adult epilepsy services in the implementation of transition services/care

18 What did Patients and Parents Think? 45% of patients and parents/carers found transition difficult or very difficult

19 Some patients reported a very traumatic experience and found it difficult to cope with change Several thought the process should have started much sooner 6/11 ( 55% ) attended joint clinics: 5 patients thought they were helpful One parent reported the first appointment was useful then it drastically fell apart

20 Did patients and parents/carers feel they received enough information?

21 6/11 (55%) of patients felt supported throughout their transition 5/11 (45%) felt in control of the process I dont think anyone feels in control as healthcare worker knows best I wanted better understanding and to be treated as an individual Young peoples views:

22 Views of Patients and Parents / Carers Difficulties faced in Adult Care: Confusion regarding person responsible for providing/updating epilepsy care plan All therapies..severely curtained leaving [young person] more isolated and less likely to achieve any goals

23 Views of Patients and Parents/Carers… Transition should start at 14 when multiple problems with at least two appointments with consultants from paediatrics and adults so that all information is handed over properly Information needs to be made more readily available..I did feel somewhat in the dark

24 My paediatrician came to my first meeting with the neurologist. This was helpful and ensured a seamless transition

25 Discussion Transition is difficult for patients with epilepsy Joint clinics are deemed successful by patients and professionals Transition overall is still rated poorly

26 Key elements for good transition: A process, spanning the teenage years. Patient centered transition plan All professionals working together towards a joint goal Training of professionals Resources

27 What is needed? Care pathways to be refined Clarification of referral pathways Roles and responsibilities of professionals involved in transition clearly defined Access to joint clinics Efficient transfer of information

28 Limitations Case ascertainment – lack of database Retrospective analysis Risk of bias with questionnaires

29 Conclusion Proforma and formalisation of care pathways – clarification; promote equality of care Consider views of: Patients and parents/carers Professionals in primary health Paediatricians and Adult neurologists Learning disability services..In medical and specialist nursing professions. Good elements emerging Scope for improvement

30 Care pathways to be refined locally, collaborating widely specific needs of each patient - control of epilepsy, extent of comorbidities, professionals involved in their care. ABHB are currently developing an electronic database - highlight patients approaching 14 years

31 Personal Reflections Difficulties of an Audit! Qualitative Data Working between paediatric and adult teams Patients and parents forthcoming and grateful for giving feedback Huge amount of willingness and motivation for improvements

32 Any Questions? Thank you.

33 References 1. National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE). (2012). The Epilepsies: Diagnosis and Management of the Epilepsies in Adults and Children in Primary and Secondary Care. Available at: 2. Department of Health (DH). (2008). Transition: Moving on Well. Available at: 3. Epilepsy12 Audit – Action Planning (2012). Gwent Action Plan. Available at: 4. Aneurin Bevan Health Board. (2012). Policy for Transition of the Young Person with Healthcare needs between Childrens Services and Adult Services within the Aneurin Bevan Health Board. 5. References

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