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Management Lessons from Mayo Clinic

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1 Management Lessons from Mayo Clinic
Practicing destination medicine Dörthe Prestel BUS 550 Minder Chen May 24, 2011

2 Historical Background
Dr. William W. Mayo, settled in Rochester, MN, in 1863 sons, Drs. William J. Mayo and Charles Mayo, joined 1883 /1888 1893 patients came from 11 different states to receive medical care 1914 Mayo Clinic world's first integrated private group practice was found 3 campuses: Minnesota; Arizona; Florida : number of physicians & scientists increased from 838 to 2,700 Number of employees increased from 6,000 to 42,000 Patient care revenue increased from $345 mill to $4 bill 2003: 500,000 patients served at 3 campuses

3 How it works Mayo clinic is not a single-specialty boutique but rather a department store of medical care capable of addressing virtually all medical needs from cancer care to cosmetic surgery to joint replacement or organ transplantation

4 Mission To inspire hope and contribute to health and well-being by providing the best care to every patient through integrated clinical practice, education and research.

5 3 Key Principles Continuing pursuit of ideal service, not profit
Continuing sincere concern for the care and welfare of individual patient Continuing interest by every member of staff in professional progress Fundamentally unchanged in 100 years Patient-first value system

6 Human Resources Top of talent pool: team players, commitment to high quality care and service, positive attitude, strong work ethic, understanding of cultural diversity Hiring for life: behavioral interviewing techniques > extensive, expensive process Employees are salaried, no incentive payments > unbinding self interest Many talented clinicians may not fit Mayo because of lack of interpersonal and team player skills - Salary > separating the number of patients seen or procedures performed from personal gain > free to do what’s natural – help each other out < Mayo foundation (1919)

7 Technology / Infrastructure 1
1907 implementation of medical records and MR numbers 1914 Conveyance systems to move medical records 1928 lifts and chutes system Strategic investment of millions of dollars each year in industrial engineering Lifts and chutes: lifts raised med records to central distribution center > sorted by staff and placed in chutes destined to each floor > placed on conveyors transporting them to requesting physicians desk

8 Technology / Infrastructure 2
Starting in the 1990s, in 2005 EMR replaced paper charts In- and outpatient records are instantly available to Mayo caregivers via 16,000 computer terminals on site 7.5 million transactions processed between 8-9 am Around noon up to 15 million transactions "It's harder for a single doctor to get too far off the track when others can carefully scrutinize the thinking that led to the diagnosis and treatment plan." He says that the next advances in quality improvement likely will come from the ability of the computer to offer diagnostic possibilities for a certain combination of signs, symptoms, and test results, or to recommend various therapeutic options for a problem, such as the best antibiotics for a particular infection.

9 Scheduling 1 Rapid growth in 1950s urged development of central appointment desk (CAD) Initial system adopted from railway company Pullman 1950s: card system 1960s: telephony system replaced card system

10 Scheduling 2 1970s: computer technology with software ideas from Boeing and NASA to accommodate complex rules of Mayo schedulers establish time intervals between appointments and determine length of appointment types < using stop watches 2005: genetic algorithm system

11 Strategy Branding a labor intensive services company
Health management is the key business strategy - identifying population health concerns, targeting those issues proactively, and gathering the information needed to measure progress over time Marketing strategy: customer and employee satisfaction, Facebook, and Podcasts

12 Collaboration EMR, internal paging, telephone and video conferencing, physical spaces that encourage communication Using cross-functional teams > using Six Sigma and Lean net operating income increased by 40% in 3 years 85% of patients complete clinical itineraries in 5 business days Radiology department reduced time per appointment by average of 6 minutes 6 sigma: identify and eliminate defects (errors) in processes and minimizing variability in manufacturing and business processes - Lean: eliminate waste from processes

13 Team Leadership Model Physician-led institution: clinical practice, education, research Physicians experience learning-by-doing leadership training at the clinic while practicing medicine Physician leader + administrator = marriage Administrative partner = management coach, confidant, reality checker, implementer Balancing business-vs.-caregiving tensions Teaching for tomorrow’s patients – its okay for highly trained providers to ask for help > strong collegial attitude

14 Destination Medicine Each year 140,000 patients travel more than 120 mi to receive medical care at Mayo Clinic Patients receive efficient, time-compressed care that can usually provide definite diagnosis and sometimes initial treatment – including major surgery – within 3 – 5 days Scheduling system is backbone of destination medicine

15 Learning from Mayo 1 Customer demand is unevenly spread Customer needs are diverse Speed and accuracy are essential to performance Multiple service providers contribute to customer’s service experience Service chain is complex Combining talent where its needed, encourage and enable internal communication, foster organizational competence

16 Learning from Mayo 2 Molding firm’s resources and talents to each individual customer Practice “patience” hiring Invest in systems that help employees practice well and encourage to teach coworkers Continuously stress organizations core values Candidates for organization designs like Mayo: high reliability organizations – atomic energy plants, aircraft carriers, petrochemical plants Core values > vitalize the spirit, bring people together, and inspire extra-effort performance

17 Conclusion Cutting edge advantage of Mayo – TIME!
Mayo clinic is constantly working on solving the customer’s whole problem, using technology to support values and strategy, and innovating with systems engineering However, Mayo Clinic does not work flawless – 85% success in their goals How will they be affected by healthcare reform? Article is from 2003!

18 Thank you for listening.
Quiz Which of the following is NOT a success driving factor for Mayo Clinic? Strong organizational culture constant innovation Time efficiency Location of their campuses Thank you for listening.

19 Works Cited

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