Presentation on theme: "Extension Diagnostic Services What can the Gainesville campus diagnostic labs do for a master gardener volunteer client? Anthony Camerino Citrus County."— Presentation transcript:
Extension Diagnostic Services What can the Gainesville campus diagnostic labs do for a master gardener volunteer client? Anthony Camerino Citrus County Extension Master Gardener Volunteer Coordinator
How do you send a sample to Gainesville and then comprehend the results? 1. Diagnostic labs in Gainesville?? What labs!?!? 2. Maybe if I put enough stuff in this box, put a stamp on it, and send to Gainesville someone will tell me whats wrong with my plant?? Master Gardener Volunteer Plant Clinic/Phone Room 3. I cant diagnosis your problem here, but I can get your sample to the right lab for an accurate and timely diagnosis.
Purpose of Extension Diagnostic Services Provide education to the public concerning respective disciplines Not-for-profit Only samples collected in Florida The quality and accuracy of results are directly related to how the samples are collected, handled, and shipped
Extension Soil Testing Lab (ESTL) Not just pH and homeowner nutrient analysis services Many services provided: Homeowner: Landscape and home vegetable gardens Irrigation water testing Commercial growers: Plant tissue testing of specific crops Container media testing Producer soil testing Pine seedling nursery Interpretation of data Nutrient recommendations and guidelines as appropriate
Soil Nutrient Analysis Cost pH $3.00 Indication of general soil nutrient availability Lime recommendation when appropriate for soil buffering capacity Macro nutrients $7.00 P, K, Ca, Mg Does not test for pathogens, insects, nematodes, or soil N Does not make interpretation for soil extractable Ca and Fe Does not estimate pollution risk
A soil nutrient analysis is a predictive estimation of plant growth response to an applied nutrient #1 Nutrient and lime recommendations are based on plant growth responses which have been correlated with the levels of nutrient extracted in a soil test The soil is not inert, it continuously absorbs and releases nutrients The recommendation takes into account these nutrients
A soil nutrient analysis is a predictive estimation of plant growth response to an applied nutrient #2 Probability of a response to a fertilizer application if the nutrient level is: Low - 75% Medium – 50% High - unlikely
Master Gardener Volunteer Plant Clinic Soil pH #1 Test results can do the following Assist in plant selection (e.g. acid loving plants) Tells you if you may need to modify soil pH The analysis does not tell you how much to lime Indication of general soil fertility Master Gardener Volunteer Plant Clinic
Master Gardener Volunteer Plant Clinic Soil pH #2 Does not predict liming requirement Does not account for soil buffering capacity If a specific lime recommendation is needed you must send the sample to the Extension Soil Testing Lab in Gainesville Master Gardener Volunteer Plant Clinic
Irrigation water analysis Tests for Liming potential Salinity Suspended solids Cost $9.00 to $10.00 Tests water for irrigation quality, not a test for safety of consumption Sample should be taken mid- stream Run water for several minutes before collecting Collect nearest to irrigation outlet
Insect Identification Services #1 Gives written report of insect diagnosis, you must decide if the insect is the cause of the problem Cost $8.00 Follow detailed packing directions Depends on type of insect Fill out form in pencil or ink that will not run if wetted. Take special note of where the insect was found and what was infested The more specimens the merrier!!
Plant Identification #1 A partnership between UF-IFAS and the Florida Museum of Natural Historys herbarium Cost $0.00 Press plant between newspaper and cardboard Not in plastic bag If the plant can not be identified by available references at the county office, then contact your county agent to submit sample.
Extension Plant Disease Clinic Diagnosis of pathogen isolated from the submitted sample Use Plant Disease Diagnostic Form Cost Regular sample $20.00 Lethal Yellowing $75.00, Fusarium Wilt $55.00 Sample should include: Plant tissue reflective of the problem Roots, shoots, or leaves Transition zone between healthy and diseased plant tissue Provide as much information as possible Plant species and cultivar submitted Pesticides or fertilizers applied recently
Extension Plant Disease Clinic Additional Notes Only send root samples in plastic bag remove excess soil but leave enough to prevent desiccation Do not send leaves in plastic bag The accuracy of clinic results may be affected by recently applied pesticides. When possible, sample before treatment New rapid turf diagnostic service for commercial turf managers (e.g. golf courses, athletic fields, etc.) See your county agent if you have such a request $75.00
A sample packaged properly Roots in plastic bag, entire sample wrapped in dry paper towel
Bad sample preparation Crushed sample packed in a wet paper towel
Nematode Assay Lab Cost $20.00 Estimation of the RISK to a specific crop or plant based on the number and type of nematodes present in the soil sample Sample soil from symptomatic area If tree or shrub sample near drip line Roots are important too Use sample submission kit!!! Place sample in plastic bag, then box If foliar nematodes are suspected, send sample folded into a slightly damped paper towel in a plastic bag