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NEW UNLAWFUL PRESENCE WAIVER: UNITING FAMILIES SAFELY AND BOOSTING NATURALIZATION 2-25-13.

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Presentation on theme: "NEW UNLAWFUL PRESENCE WAIVER: UNITING FAMILIES SAFELY AND BOOSTING NATURALIZATION 2-25-13."— Presentation transcript:

1 NEW UNLAWFUL PRESENCE WAIVER: UNITING FAMILIES SAFELY AND BOOSTING NATURALIZATION

2 Our Presenters Charles Wheeler, Director Training & Legal Support Jack Holmgren, Field Service Coordinator Center for Citizenship and Immigrant Communities, CLINIC 2

3 Slide Availability Will be posted to the CLINIC website sometime this week Find them under the Resources tab Hover over the Resources tab and then locate Provisional Waivers and click on that Look under webinars and click on that 3

4 Agenda What does the provisional waiver do? Who qualifies and what is procedure? How can you maximize the benefits of this for your current/future clients? Whats in it for your program and what should you do? General advice on filing waivers 4

5 Polishing your Preparation This webinar is the 3 rd on this topic and many of you have prepared for this change already Today is a review and refresher with some new ideas for final preparation Maximizes immigrant integration in your community 5

6 How Does it Promote Naturalization? Only certain immediate relatives can utilize the provisional waiver Immediate relatives (IRs) are spouses, parents, children of U.S. citizens If have a green card, may be able to naturalize and some of their relatives automatically become IRs 6

7 How Does it Promote Family Reunification? Allows waiver to be filed before leaving Waiver is adjudicated before leaving Immigrants can travel to their consular interview secure in the knowledge that they have been approved for the waiver No surprises (hopefully)! 7

8 How Does it Promote Stable Family Income and Family Unity? Immigrant stays here and continues to earn until they leave for a few days for the consular interview - no loss of income Family of the immigrant does not suffer the psychological damage and trauma of an extended (six-month +) separation 8

9 Why Is it Good for your Community? Immigrant families maintain income Businesses benefit from a stable work force No use of public benefits Continuity of participation in faith-based institutions Continuity of parenting Lower rates of depression due to uncertainty over immigration situation 9

10 More of Why it Helps your Community Promotes naturalization Naturalization – –Leads to higher/more: Income Educational achievement Civic participation Inclusion –Immigrant Integration in the fullest sense 10

11 Whats in it for Your Program? It is an immigrant integration one-two punch! Your program is at the top of its game when it can naturalize someone and that helps to safely re-unite a family You get two service opportunities for the same goal Increasing naturalization is key 11

12 Why Is it Key to Increase Naturalization? Nationally, naturalization is where it is at! Funders focus on naturalization Naturalization is a safe bet for grant applications Nobody opposes it You can use naturalization to make the case for supporting your waiver work 12

13 It Will Increase Your Earned Income You will process cases efficiently and at a high level of legal competence You are authorized (BIA R & A or immigration attorney) to practice immigration law You will charge and receive fees for both naturalization and for doing the family visa with the waiver 13

14 Coordinating Naturalization and Family- Based Cases will Prepare You for CIR CIR will probably involve 13+ years from initial application to naturalization Case management will be key Coordinating the naturalization and family-based case and waiver will develop your programs: –Case management skills set –Case management infrastructure 14

15 What Should Programs Do Now to Prepare? You have only one week. Go! Analyze current cases that could benefit from the provisional waiver Meet and discuss soon Start with your existing caseload of waiver eligible cases Communicate with clients who would benefit if the petitioner naturalized 15

16 Use This to Start Your Volunteer Group for CIR CIR will only work for your agency if you have many volunteers This is your chance to start creating a robust volunteer component Volunteers should be recruited from the pews and other places 16

17 Outreach Do outreach to let the people know! This process of using the law takes some explaining so do it in their language Use examples and have people speak who have suffered through lengthy waits outside the country under the old system 17

18 Volunteers for Outreach Your volunteers will be helping clients document and describe extreme hardship That makes the volunteers your best resource to do outreach and talk about the hardship aspect The volunteers will be your best resource to create a robust referral network 18

19 Partner for Hardship Documentation Make the ask/build the relationship now Who will you ask to help document extreme hardship? –Hospitals –Doctors –Clinics –Social workers –School counselors –Religious personnel 19

20 Training Staff should prepare now In-person training E-learning training Reach out to other agencies/local private attorneys that have done the unlawful presence waiver to learn from them peer-to- peer. CLINIC affiliates: Call CLINIC for a connection Ask a local foundation for support 20

21 Training Up: What do You Need to Know To Represent Waiver Applicants? Law and skills –Family-based immigration –Inadmissibility assessment –Waiver eligibility –Effective interviewing and writing –Preparing effective waivers Dont stop at course work when you can learn from others first hand 21

22 Upcoming CLINIC Trainings Omaha, March Los Angeles, June Kansas City, September E-learning courses starting again in June Recorded e-learning course available now Periodic articles or webinars if new info 22

23 What Fees Should I Charge? Requires more work than many immigration benefit applications Client declaration: language capacity and ability to capture clients voice Coordinating with community providers Possible fee range: $ but could go higher depending on the level of work Of course fee waivers are always possible 23

24 Provisional Waiver Book Available in June Print version, electronic version Appendices: –templates for intake and assessment –sample declarations –sample list of documents –sample cover letters –resources for gathering country conditions and other evidence of extreme hardship 24

25 Provisional Waiver Listserv Exchange information and results How USCIS implementing process Meeting hardship standard Experts Sources of documentation Insider tips Ask questions and get help Only for CLINIC affiliates 25

26 Final Regulation Published in Fed. Reg. on January 3, 2013 Implementation begins on March 4, 2013 No applications accepted before then Form I-601A not available yet 26

27 Whats It All About? Adjudication of unlawful presence waivers prior to consular interview Must still establish extreme hardship Applicant waits in U.S. for decision Provisional approval 27

28 Waivers for What Grounds? Only unlawful presence: 3- or 10-year bar Not if left U.S. after triggering 10-year bar and then EWIed (permanent bar) Not if ordered deported or removed Not for other grounds (e.g., fraud, health, criminal conduct, smuggling) Ineligible if USCIS has reason to believe may be found inadmissible by consulate 28

29 Who is Covered? IRs who are consular processing –Spouses, children, parents of USCs –Rare for parents to qualify since would need USC parent or spouse –Rare for children since between QR need not be petitioner Must be at least 17 Residing in U.S., legally or illegally Approved I-130 or I-360 and paid IV fee bill 29

30 Extreme Hardship to Whom? Extreme hardship to USC spouse or parent Not to LPR spouse or parent Extreme hardship to child only as it affects qualifying relative (USC parent/spouse) Current standard will not change USCIS reports I-601 approval rate of 65% Applications to be adjudicated by NBC 30

31 Who is Not Covered? Inadmissible on other grounds Under age 17 No case pending with DOS, IV fee not paid IV applicants scheduled before January 3, 2013 for consular interview Persons in removal proceedings unless proceedings admin closed at time of filing Persons subject to final order of removal Persons subject to reinstatement of removal Adjustment applicants 31

32 Who is Not Covered but Could Be? IRs who have not started family-based process file I-130 Spouse or child of LPR petitioner can naturalize Qualifying relative is LPR naturalize Applicants scheduled for IV interview before 1/3/13 new I-130 by different petitioner; new I-130 by same petitioner following DOS termination of first I-130 or withdrawal of approved petition 32

33 What if in Removal Proceedings? Get proceedings administratively closed or terminated Not re-calendared when I-601A filed File I-601A with USCIS, not EOIR If approved, get proceedings terminated 33

34 Whats the Filing Procedure? File I-130 or I-360, receive approval notice File sent to NVC Receive instructions from NVC, pay fee bill Notify NVC that wish to file I-601A File I-601A and supporting documents Fees: $585 for I-601A and $85 for biometrics (no fee waivers) Appear for biometrics NVC has sent out notices advising applicants 34

35 How Do You Notify the NVC? Special Subject line: NVC case number or USCIS receipt number Include petitioners name and DOB, representatives name and address, statement that applicant seeking provisional waiver If properly notified, NVC will suspend consular processing 35

36 What Happens After Waiver Approval? If waiver approved, notice sent to applicant and NVC Complete DS-230 or 260 and proceed with consular processing 2-3 mos. after approval received, NVC will schedule interview 36

37 Provisional Waiver Approval Does Not Guarantee Visa Issuance Approval provisional because unlawful presence bar not yet triggered Applicants still undergo normal consular processing including medical exam and interview If applicant found to be inadmissible on any other ground, provisional waiver automatically revoked 37

38 Provisional Waiver Approval Grants No Benefits No right to: –Work authorization –Advance parole –Stop accrual of unlawful presence –Protection from removal –Allow to apply for adjustment 38

39 How Will USCIS Adjudicate Provisional Waiver Applications? USCIS will issue RFEs if missing evidence: –Extreme hardship –Discretionary factors USCIS will not issue NOIDs USCIS can reopen, reconsider on own motion No appeal but can re-file I-601A Or can consular process and file I month adjudication target 39

40 USCIS will deny waiver if other possible grounds of inadmissibility discovered USCIS will deny waiver if extreme hardship to QR not established USCIS may deny waiver as matter of discretion Other: failure to appear for biometrics 40 What Circumstances Trigger Denial?

41 Remedy Assessment: Dont Forget to Consider…. Does the client have a reasonable chance of meeting extreme hardship test? Is client a US citizen and not an alien? Does the client have a way to qualify for adjustment? –245(i): prior petition filed before 4/30/01 –245(a): entered with inspection –245(a): granted advance parole 41

42 Additional Resources USCIS Stakeholders call on provisional waiver Tuesday, 2/26 at 2 p.m. EST Toll-free number: Toll number for outside the U.S.: Passcode: Provisional CLINIC resources on website ILRC podcast on provisional waiver 42

43 Basic Advice on Waiver Cases Start with effective interview Understand all inadmissibility grounds Inform client and bring into process Relate all hardship to the qualifying relative Dont ignore hardship to other family members Consider and prioritize all hardship factors Document all hardship factors 43

44 Basic Advice on Waiver Cases How does applicants absence affect current hardship: nexus! Prove two things: qualifying relative cannot leave U.S. and cant stay here w/o alien Effective declarations Discuss discretionary factors Package application well: cover letter and index of documents 44

45 415 Michigan Ave., NE Suite 200 Washington, DC Follow us: twitter.com/cliniclegal Become a fan: facebook.com/cliniclegal Questions?


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