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Basketball Officials Clinic 3 person mechanics. 3 Person Terminology Rotation Switch L Official (Lead) C Official (Center) - SLOT T Official (Trail) PCA.

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Presentation on theme: "Basketball Officials Clinic 3 person mechanics. 3 Person Terminology Rotation Switch L Official (Lead) C Official (Center) - SLOT T Official (Trail) PCA."— Presentation transcript:

1 Basketball Officials Clinic 3 person mechanics

2 3 Person Terminology Rotation Switch L Official (Lead) C Official (Center) - SLOT T Official (Trail) PCA Close Down Ball Side Strong Side Weak Side Table Side Opposite Side Wide Triangle Call selection Catalog plays Double Whistle Mechanics Dont come up with prelim signal Game Management Aware of time, game, score, situations Live Ball Communication Patient Whistle Secondary Whistle Communicating Last Second Responsibilities

3 Pre-game Conference Do not overlook this important aspect of the game Know your partners name & tendencies Discuss switching, helping with press, displacement, & communication –Make sure to have the shooter & not to grant TO until all communication is done Discuss situations (types of players & style of play) –Double whistles (foul vs. violation?) –Block/Charge –Rebounding fouls –Illegal screens –New rules (team control fouls) Talk about dealing with technical fouls Discuss last minute & clock responsibilities

4 CAPTAINS MEETING & JUMP BALL PRODURES

5 Pre-game Positions

6 Jump Ball Positioning U-1 U-2 R R checks both officials, gets players set, blow whistle, indicate directions & tosses U-1 checks table, counts players, check toss & chops clock; U-2 confirms with R

7 Ball Goes Right

8 Primary Areas of Coverage C - Referee Off Ball, look for illegal screens, going through screens, displacement, holding, etc. L – Mirror ball, referee the lane/post area: T – Get angle/position & on-ball coverage; 3 pt coverage

9 Lines of Responsibility Lead only has baseline –If doing duties and looking at primary, WILL need help on some opposite side out of bounds (blow whistle with arm up & look to C) Trail has his/her sideline, midcourt line, and backcourt line (when appropriate) C has own sideline (may help with midcourt if rotating or transition)

10 Lines of Responsibility: T-Green, C-Yellow, L-Blue

11 Throw-In Responsibilities L may administer throw-ins on either side of player when staying in frontcourt Administers all Throw-Ins below FT line extended May bounce ball on sideline T handles all throw-ins in the backcourt, regardless of location (bump and run, if necessary) T may bounce any sideline or end line throw-in (may depend on defensive pressure) C out of bounds, always have 2 officials ball side for throw in

12 End Line Throw-Ins in the Frontcourt L may administer throw-ins on either side of player when staying in frontcourt

13 Shot & Rebound Coverage Le ad should not be positioned within lane lines Both C and T should close down on shots C is primarily responsible for weak side rebounding

14 Shot & Rebound Coverage

15 Three-Point Shot Coverage Le ad should not be positioned within lane lines If both C and T indicate the 3-pt attempt, T should referee the defense on the shooter and stay with the shot; C should release and cover rebounding C/T should mirror the other officials good signal

16 Lead help on 3pt shot Only on fast break will Lead Signal 3pt. Signal Trail will still mirror 3pt. Signal and will go up if good w/ C mirroring made basket

17 Lead Official Closes Down, Prepare for Rotation ROTATION SEQUENCES

18 When to initiate rotation at Lead YOU HAVE TO USE YOUR PERIPHERAL VISION AT ALL TIMES!!!!! The ball is below the free throw line extended (inside 3 pt. line) for an extended period of time If in the frontcourt (fast break) all 3 officials and the ball are in frontcourt status and the ball is weak-side –Want two people strong-side (ball-side) if possible The player has received the ball weak-side and … –Is definitely putting the ball into the post to a big man/woman (Think SHAQ…) –Has consistently beaten his/her man and looks to drive a lot Person at 3 pt line, looking to drive baseline also

19 When not to rotate? Quick jump shots Ball is being tossed around the arc or dribbled around the arc without making a drive to the basket When all 3 officials and the ball are not in the frontcourt Last few seconds to quarter or half Loose ball when no team possession is gained –Exception: To get a better angle for a foul/jump ball Then fix the move by going back to original position

20 Lead Initiates Rotation, Trail goes to New C, and C goes to New T

21 Responsibilities while rotating Lead must swivel head so that he/she still can call old primary area (lane area) until fully established in new position –Dont pivot early, get to new primary the pivot finishing rotation Trail & C must focus on primary area until Lead gets into new Lead position –STAY WITH COMPETITIVE MATCHUPS AS NEEDED Use body language so partner know you are staying with players

22 Full Rotation: New Areas of Coverage Lead has ball coverage, Trail looks off ball (screens) & fouls above shoulders on shot Center Official referee off ball & rebound fouls

23 BETTER TO HAVE 2 CS THAN 2 TRAILS WHEN ROTATING!

24 DO NOT WAIVER! IF YOURE GONNA ROTATE..GO!!

25 How to fix a rotation During frontcourt team possession –Use verbal or non-verbal communication with fellow officials During change of possession (going the other way) –Easiest way to fix is for Old lead that rotated to go back to original position and work new Trail position –If old Trail recognizes switch but new trail does not, Old lead (New Trail) can tell official to bump up to New Lead –If old Trail does not recognize switch (may have 2 new leads), verbally tell person to be at new C

26 Fixing a Unnecessary Rotation, Quick Turnover, Lead Banana Back

27 Trail Positioning Work the angles and see space –Move to improve Dont get stuck too far in court –In way for transitions

28 When the C can facilitate rotation Team just established frontcourt possession on C Side Player is feeling pressure or is being trapped C must get angle and may need to go High to see the players/play Lead must recognize situation and rotate over Trail must recognize and help at 1 st then move down to C Only use when appropriate and this may be missed by the Lead and Trail (be aware of situation) The T or C can facilitate a rotation, but ONLY the L initiates a rotation A rotation should only take place when all three officials are in the frontcourt A rotation begins when L moves laterally and penetrates the key area

29 Center Initiates Rotation: Trap on Center Side by Mid-court

30 Press Coverage Old Lead/New Trail stay out of bounds until ball goes above FT line Has ballhandler & defender Center stays at FT line & moves w/ second wave of players L should have deepest player in front and boxed-in All officials prepare for help calls

31 C responsibilities in transition Center may have ball responsibilities on quick passes In any transition, can call across court to other sideline May have best view across paint even in front court play

32 Foul Reporting Mechanics Only 2 officials should be moving –3 rd official dead ball officiating Calling official freeze after call & notify players/partners situation –Report Foul & Stay Table side Hustle around players & Stop in reporting area (Federation mechanics) –Table side official go to calling officials previous area for throw-in or prepare FT Do not cross vision line of reporting official

33 Foul Reporting Mechanics: Lead non-shooting foul on baseline C watches all players during dead ball Lead whistles foul, pauses, gets info & communicates with partner situation, points to spot of throw-in Trail gets ball for throw-in going outside players & pointing to spot of throw-in Center Official watches all players during foul report

34 Foul Reporting Mechanics: Center non-shooting foul on baseline Center whistles foul, pauses, gets info & communicates with partner situation, points to spot of throw-in Lead gets ball, goes to opposite baseline for throw-in & point to spot of throw-in Trail Official watches all players during foul report & rotates to New C position

35 Foul Reporting Mechanics: Trail non-shooting foul on sideline Lead Official watches all players during foul report After report, trail stays in position for throw-in Center Official watches all players during foul report & stays at same position Trail whistles foul, pauses, gets info & communicates w/ partner situation, points to spot of throw-in & stays in position for throw-in

36 Foul Reporting Mechanics: Lead non-shooting foul on baseline

37 Foul Reporting Mechanics: C non-shooting foul on baseline

38 Foul Reporting: Trail calls shooting foul

39 Foul Reporting: Lead calls shooting foul

40 Foul Reporting: Center calls shooting foul

41 Foul Reporting: Trail calls shooting foul

42 Foul Reporting : Center calls shooting foul

43 Foul Reporting: Lead calls shooting foul

44 Free Throw Mechanics: Non-rebounding free throw Trail bring in subs

45 Free Throw Mechanics: Rebounding free throw Both Trail and Center step down on FT and Center chop clock, lead picks up arm to chop if made basket

46 Bump & Run: C calls travel on White in transition

47 Bump & Run: Trail calls backcourt on White in transition

48 No Long Switches: Lead calls player control foul on White

49 Last Second Shot C or T – Opposite table official is responsible L may need to offer assistance or be responsible if on fast break Responsible official should communicate with partners that he/she has the last second shot (discussed during pre-game)

50 Timeout Mechanics & Positioning On any TO, make sure to know situation & communicate w/ officials & teams Prior to report, tell fellow officials whos ball or who the shooter is

51

52 Point of Emphasis Reporting Area & Signaling Substitutions Game Awareness Fighting Situations

53 Work Hard & Do Your Best! Questions?


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