Presentation on theme: "FURNITURE FRESH FURNISHINGS. UPHOLSTERY Upholstery - is the work of providing furniture, especially seats, with padding, springs, webbing, and fabric."— Presentation transcript:
FURNITURE FRESH FURNISHINGS
UPHOLSTERY Upholstery - is the work of providing furniture, especially seats, with padding, springs, webbing, and fabric or leather covers.
CHAIR AND SOFA CONSTRUCTION
Frame – Hardwood plywood is been found to be one of the most durable. Can also use oak, maple, and ash. Joinery – Holds the frame and cushion together. Creating a sturdy frame. Springs Eight-way hand-tied spring – A three-dimensional coil springs are attached to webbing on the bottom of chair or sofa. They are tied together with twine in a series of interlocking knots to prevent individual coils from shifting out of position. It provides even comfort. It helps the coils to not compress to the point of bottoming-out the seat. Sinuous spring – Two dimensional S shaped wires that are fastened to the top of the frames front rail and run from the front to the back of the furniture, spaced every few inches. It provides a more comfortable seat and are especially good for upholstered furniture that sits low to the floor. Padding – Proper padding prevents the upholstery fabric from coming into direct contact with the wooden frame. It helps prevents abrasion, which could lead to premature wear of the upholstery. Cotton and poly/Dacron are the most popular. Construction of chairs and sofas
Seat Cushion High Density Foam Wrapped in Dacron – The most commonly used seat cushioning method in upholstered furniture construction. It creates the core of the cushion. The density of the foam and how much Dacron is used have an impact of the softness of the cushion. Spring Down Cushioning – Involves surrounding innerspring coils with foam and then wrapping the entire package in Dacron. Once wrapped in Dacron, the cushion core is then placed inside a muslin bag before it is upholstered. Blend down Cushioning – The process of combining down and feathers, wrapping them around a foam core and then inserting everything into a muslin bag before upholstery fabric is applied. This process is the same as spring down cushioning except that there are no springs in the cushions. Blend down cushioning is the most softest cushions, but it does not retain their shape as well as the other methods. Fabric – A wide variety of fine upholstery fabric are available that are constructed from natural fibers, synthetics, or a blend of both. The types of fibers used in upholstered fabrics has a direct bearing on the feel of the fabric, its durability, clean ability and resistance to fading and deterioration to exposure to sunlight. Fabric combining a tight weave and durable fibers like nylon or polypropylene are a good choice for active use. Leather is also popular choice for durability.
STYLES OF ARMS AND FEET Roll Panel With Skirted base Sock Arm with Ball foot Track Arm with a Wedge foot Bun Foot
DIFFERENT STYLES OF CHAIRS Fan BackComb Back Loop Back Windsor Chairs
Camel back Hepplewhite Shield back Wassily by Breuer Cesca by Breuer Swan by Arne Jacobsen Tulip by Saarinen Adirondack Eames
RE-UPHOLSTERY VS NEW UPHOLSTERY Re-upholstery Family Heirloom? Antique? Good shape/construction Lower cost of frame Ease of maintenance More fabric options Green- environmentally friendly New Upholstery Budget factors- wide range of pricing for same frame Difficult to determine quality of construction & materials used Limited fabric selection More frame & design options Lengthy order time
BEDS Beds in early colonial North America were simple frames with wooden slats or ropes between them to support mattresses filled with straw or feathers. The usually had curtains around the bed for privacy and protection from drafts.
CASEGOODS Casegoods - is a term used for furniture that is not upholstered and is made of wood. It is used to describe furniture that is used in the dining room and bedroom. Pieces of furniture, such as bookcases or chests of drawers, that provide interior storage space are also casegoods.
In the early seventeenth century they had no closets. Casegoods pieces were the only storage available. Highboy Court Cupboard Armoire
TABLES THROUGHOUT THE CENTURIES 17 th 18 th 19 th 20 th 21 st