Presentation on theme: "The Initiative for a A United Nations Emergency Peace Service An overview of the proposal & global movement to address our five big challenges in preventing."— Presentation transcript:
The Initiative for a A United Nations Emergency Peace Service An overview of the proposal & global movement to address our five big challenges in preventing and managing armed conflict
2 Challenges Leading to Crisis 1. Preventing genocide & crimes against humanity
3 Challenges leading to crisis: 2. Preventing armed conflict
4 3. Protecting civilians at risk Challenges leading to crisis:
5 4. Prompt start-up of peace operations Challenges leading to crisis:
6 5. Addressing human needs in emergencies Challenges leading to crisis:
A United Nations Emergency Peace Service
8 What is Proposed as a UN Emergency Peace Service? A permanent UN formation A first responder available immediately Requires authorization by the UN Security Council Multidimensional and multifunctional service Military, police and civilian elements Prepared for rapid deployment to diverse crisis Pre-trained, well-equipped 16,000 personnel
9 What is Proposed as a UN Emergency Peace Service? (Structure) Co-located at a new UN base Static operational headquarters Two mobile field headquarters Integrated, modular formation Robust security Civilian police Skills and services to address human needs
10 Office of SRSG Pers 3 MIL, 2 POL, 10 CIV. -Senior MILAD, POLAD & CIVAD -Policy & Legal EMC Liaison Cell: DPA, DPKO, OCHA,UNHCR, Field Log & National Support SUPPORT Pers 50 MIL, 10 POL&CIV Pers 100 MIL, 1500CIV -Contingency Move -Administration Planning -Personnel -Staging -Housing -Mission Support -Finance -Rotation/Augmentation -Host Nation Support Planning -Airlift/Sealift Contracting -Deployable Movement Support Teams Deployment Cell Base Support & Infrastructure OPERATIONS Pers 100 MIL Pers 25 POL Pers 25 CIV -Contingency -Contingency -Contingency Planning Planning Planning -Operations -Operations -Operations -Training -Training -Training -Logistics -Personnel -Personnel -Personnel -Legal Advisors -Advisors [Joint 24/7 OPS Cell] Military Staff CIVPOL Staff Civilian Staff TRAINING Pers 5 MIL, 2 POL., 2 CIV Pers 10 MIL, 2 POL, 2 CIV Pers 4 MIL, 2 POL, 4 CIV -Ongoing Development of -Set & Assess Standards -Long-Term Planning Doctrine -Course & Curricula -Lessons Learned -SOPS Development -Multidisciplinary -ROE Options -Training & Exercises Think Tank -Interoperability DoctrineTraining Standards Research & Analysis MilitaryPoliceCivilian Annex A Operational Level UN Emergency Peace Service Permanent Operational Level Headquarters and Base Personnel: 270 MIL 40 POL 1540 CIV SRSG DEPLOYABLE ELEMENTS
11 Mission HQ (Tactical) Civilian Police Companies Disaster Relief & Humanitarian Assistance Team Human Rights Monitors & Educators Conflict Resolution Teams Peacebuilding Advisory Teams DDDRRR team Environmental Crisis Response Team Medical Teams Public Affairs Technical Recce Unit Light Armoured Recce Unit Motorized Light Infantry Battalion Amoured (Wheeled) Infantry Battalion Helicopter Squardron Engineer Battalion Medical Unit MIL-450 Pers 2 flights of 8 utility Helis 1 flight of 3 Heavy Lift Helis 1 flight of Armed Scout Helis MIL- 2 x 600 Pers MIL- 4 x 50 Pers Augmented by CIV MIL-500 Pers -3 Field Squadrons -3 Support Troops MIL-400 Pers -Forward Surgical Teams POL- 3 x 125 Per CIV- 2 x 30 Per CIV- 2 x 10 Per CIV – 2 x 10 Pers CIV- 2 x 10 Pers CIV- 10 Pers CIV- 100 Pers CIV- 2 x 10 Pers Civilian Police Companies Civilian Police Companies Mission HQ (Tactical) Technical Recce Unit Light Armoured Recce Unit Motorized Light Infantry Battalion Amoured (Wheeled) Infantry Battalion Disaster Relief & Humanitarian Assistance Team Human Rights Monitors & Educators Conflict Resolution Teams Public Affairs Deployable ElementsUN Emergency Peace Service Annex B. Composition of Deployable Elements for a UN Emergency Peace Service (assume 2 MHQ with 2 complete formations) (assigned to UN Base under a Static Operational HQ and 2 Missions HQs) Total Personnel in Each: MIL 5000, CIV 304, POL 400 MSN HQ Includes: Military, Police and Civilian Staff Political and Legal Advice Translation/Comms/Signals/Intell. Defense & Security Platoon NGO Liaison Team Deputy/SRSG Military&Police Commander MIL-1 x 250 Pers CIV-1 x 20 Pers POL- 1 x 20 Pers Technical Recce Unit Logistics Battalion MIL- 2 x 150 Pers MIL- 1 x 500 Pers
12 A UN 911 designed to be: A complement to existing arrangements (UN, national, and regional) A lead service or first-responder Deployable within 48 hrs, sustainable for 6 months Competent in diverse emergencies A cost-effective investment for we the people and the international community UNEPS Key Components
13 Criteria for Deployment (short list) An emergency or complex emergency only; Authorization from the UN Security Council; A clear & viable mandate with appropriate ROE & SOFAs; A reasonable expectation of success; A high probability of augmentation, prompt arrangements for extraction after six months, with (or without) rotation & sufficient support.
14 UNEPS is for Emergencies only Definitions of an emergency: a serious situation that happens unexpectedly and demands immediate action. a sudden, volatile crisis, with an urgent need for action or assistance. Definition of a complex emergency: A crisis typically characterized by: extensive violence and loss of life; massive displacements of people; widespread damage to societies and economies; the need for large-scale, multi- faceted humanitarian assistance; the hindrance or prevention of humanitarian assistance by political and military constraints; and, significant security risks for humanitarian relief workers in some areas.
15 Additional Criteria (for Deployment of UNEPS) there must be a just cause; intervention must be undertaken with a right intention; it should occur only when there is an immediate, evident threat (of armed conflict or gross violations of international humanitarian and human rights law); the means employed must be proportional to and consistent with the ends sought; and (6) there needs to be a reasonable prospect of success. N.B. For UNEPS to work rapidly, the fourth criteria from the report of the ICISS, stipulating intervention should only arise as a last resort, once all other options were exhausted must be modestly revised to account for emergencies.
16 Merit and professionalism Universal representation Gender equitable representation Not national/political affiliation Contracted and assigned Extensive preparation/training Reliability, readiness, dedication Flexibility in managing diverse assignments Paid, full-time (UN Civil Servant) Recruitment & Personnel Selection
17 Recruitment: Is This Really Credible or Any Improvement? As noted in the 1995 Canadian report, Towards A Rapid Reaction Capability For The United Nations: As professional volunteers develop into a cohesive UN force, they can assume responsibility for some of the riskier operations mandated by the Council, but for which troop contributors have been hesitant to contribute. UN volunteers offer the best prospect of a completely reliable, well-trained rapid reaction capability. Without the need to consult national authorities, the UN could cut response time significantly, and volunteers could be deployed within hours of a Security Council decision… No matter how difficult this goal now seems, it deserves continued study, with a clear process for assessing its feasibility over the long term.... No matter how difficult this goal now seems, it deserves continued study, with a clear process for assessing its feasibility over the long term.
18 Process for Recruitment Similar to all UN civil-servants; Specific positions would be advertised world-wide; Individuals submit an application, including their resume and credentials for specific skills, training and experience for employment within UNEPS; A specific UN recruitment team would be developed to: review applications, verify qualifications, interview, screen, test and assess competence, as well as dedication prior to selecting any for employment in UNEPS.
19 Why this Model for UNEPS? Alleviates pressure on national governments Builds on and beyond the existing UN foundation to complement UN and regional arrangements Universal composition to ensure universal legitimacy Advanced training, equipment and standards to ensure cohesive sophisticated service
20 Corresponds to requirements of UN missions Provides useful incentives to address human needs Assures services to restore law and order Maintains robust disincentives to dissuade or deter and repel further violence Ensures a more rapid, reliable, effective response when the need is imminent Why this Model for UNEPS?
21 Provides a dedicated, lead service; a first responder for the critical, initial 4-6 months of complex peace operations. Functions until replacement/rotation needed and secured from multinational contingents Provides a modular formation that can be tailored Cost-effective and a sound investment for saving lives and money Why this Model for UNEPS?
22 1.Number of armed conflicts and war crimes 2.Massive suffering and violent deaths 3.Size, duration and number of peacekeeping operations 4.Pressure on national governments and national armed forces to contribute in the high-risk, critical start-up phase of operations 5.High costs associated with violent conflict and post conflict reconstruction UNEPS would Help Reduce:
23 Applicability If available, where & when? Rwanda Srebrenica East Timor Haiti Sierra Leone The Democratic Republic of the Congo Darfur Cote DIvoire Libya
24 Applicability Where now or soon? We dont know, but its conceivable that such a need will arise within: Libya Bahrain The Sudan and Darfur The Democratic Republic of the Congo Somalia Myanmar With accelerated climate change leading to flooding, there is the prospect of vast desperation and massive refugee flows into weak states. It is now difficult to ignore the probability of a higher incidence of armed conflict. We are not prepared!
25 Any wider potential? Possibly, an over-the-horizon security guarantor to initiate a much-needed process to facilitate: Wider disarmament Wider development Wider efforts at environmental protection Global Human Security How?
26 Any Wider Potential? Yes! There is an inseparable relationship between the scaling down of national armaments on the one hand and the building up of international peacekeeping machinery and institutions on the other. Nations are unlikely to shed their means of self-protection in the absence of alternative ways to safeguard their legitimate interests. This can only be achieved through the progressive strengthening of international institutions under the United Nations and by creating a United Nations Peace Force to enforce the peace as the disarmament process proceeds. U.S. State Department, "Freedom From War", 1961
27 To date, representatives of diverse sectors in the South and North agreed that: Concept is far more appealing Case is more compelling Model is more appropriate UNEPS has more potential
28 UNEPS Research There is a need for further work to: identify and elaborate upon the various requirements at the political, strategic, operational and tactical level; provide detail on the projected start-up costs, as well as annual recurring costs and deployment costs of a UNEPS; develop a coherent strategic plan.
29 The UNEPS Initiative (Global Coalition Building) Insufficient leadership, support & funding There is a need to: Ensure a more inclusive process; Expand global educational outreach; & Build networks among civil society and member states.
30 Attract and mobilize people organizations governments Support partnerships global network UNEPS Potential
31 Objectives for 2011 Educational outreach; Ongoing research to detail requirements; Generate constituency world-wide at all levels; Be prepared for a favorable moment soon.
Ideas dont work unless we do! Together, we might make a difference… Your Thoughts & Questions?
33 Special thanks for permission to use photos is extended to: The United Nations Human Rights Watch Genocide Watch Presentation created by: Dr. H. Peter Langille, Global Common Security.org Robbyn Evans, rae Communications.com Credits