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Presentation on theme: "PREPARED BY PEACE ACTION MONTGOMERY WWW.PEACEACTIONMC.ORG The Militarization of America At What Cost?"— Presentation transcript:


2 Topics How Much do We Spend on the Military? Where Does the Money Go? What Does American Militarism Cost You? To Reverse Militarism, Can We Safely Cut the Military Budget? Fund Our Communities: Bring the War Dollars Home 2

3 How Much Do We Spend on the Military? 3

4 Total Federal Budget, FY 2010 Both Discretionary & Mandatory 4 Source: National Priorities Project Mandatory: Required by law Examples: Interest on Debt (9.5%) Social Security (21%) Medicare Unemployment Discretionary: Negotiated each year Examples: Military Education Research

5 Obama Budget Proposal FY 2011 5 Source: National Priorities Project, FY 2011 All other includes: Environment Science Transportation International affairs Everything else except entitlements and debt.

6 Growth in Military Spending Excluding Wars 6 Source: Project on Defense Alternatives

7 Military Spending Over Time 7

8 Discretionary Spending By Category, 2009 8 Billions of Dollars Source: Center for Arms Control and Nonproliferation, Briefing Book

9 2010Budget: Military Recruitment vs. Peace Corps Dollars Sources: American Forces Press Service; Peace Corps Web Site 9

10 U.S. Military Spending vs. Other Countries, In Rank Order, FY 2009 Source: Center for Arms Control and Nonproliferation 10

11 Montgomery County Citizens Share of Pentagon Expenditures, FY2010 Budget About $3 billion or $2,000 per person Source: National Priorities Project 11

12 With $3 Billion, Montgomery County Could Instead Have Paid For: All expenses at a public university for four years for every 18-year-old in the County, and Renewable electricity for three years for all the homes in the county, and Over 5,000 new affordable housing units. Source: Computed from National Priorities Project and census 12

13 State of Maryland What MD residents paid in FY 2010 towards the Pentagon budget: $13.7 bn Entire State FY 2010 budget:$13.9 bn Shortfall: 2.6 bn State spending cuts: Public Health Disabled Education 13 Source: National Priorities Project, Out of Balance

14 Where Does the Money Go? War costs Foreign military bases War profiteers 14

15 Military Budget, 2011 15 Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation

16 Total War Costs Iraq and Afghanistan Through 2010 Total direct cost of both wars by 2010: over $1 trillion 16 Iraq: $747 billion Af/Pak: $332 billion Total:$1.079 trillion Source: National Priorities Project

17 $1 Trillion is a Thousand Billion Imagine that you spent $1 million/day beginning with the birth of Jesusto spend a trillion dollars, youd need to keep spending $1 million/day until mid-way through the 28 th century. If you laid out $1 trillion end-to-end in $100 bills, you could circle the Earth at the equator 39 times. A trillion dollars could pay the salaries for a year of 18 million people at $55,000 per job. 17

18 Afghanistan War Costs Total U.S. defense spending in Afghanistan, FY 2010: $101 billion. $1 million: cost to send one soldier to Afghanistan for one year $400 per gallon: US militarys cost of gasoline in Afghanistan Source: Congressional Research Service Report RL 33110 18

19 Afghanistan War vs. World Military Spending In 2010, the United States will spend more on the war in Afghanistan than any other country in the world spends in total on the military. Source: Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation; Reuters 19

20 Its a Choice! Are lengthy occupations of Iraq & Afghanistan how we want to spend our money? We have other threats! 20

21 Where Does the Money Go? War costs Foreign military bases War profiteers 21

22 U.S. Foreign Military Bases The US maintains about 1,000 foreign military bases Foreign bases cost taxpayers about $250 billion per year Source: Foreign Policy in Focus, Anita Dancs 22

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24 Floating Bases The U.S. has 11 nuclear powered aircraft supercarriersthe entire rest of the world has 11 carriers, and these are all much smaller than those of the U.S. The U.S. maintains over 100 deployed ships and submarines at any given timewith 30,000 sailors afloat. 24 Source: United States Navy; Project on Defense Alternatives

25 Military Bases as the New Imperialism 95% of all the military bases on another countrys soil are U.S. bases. Once upon a time, you could trace the spread of imperialism by counting up colonies. America's version of the colony is the military base. Chalmers Johnson, 2004 Source: Chalmers Johnson 25

26 The Movement to End Foreign Bases 26 Source: International Network for the Abolition of Foreign Military Bases International Network for the Abolition of Foreign Military Bases:

27 Foreign Bases: A Provocation The Declaration of Independence criticizes the British "for quartering large bodies of armed troops among us" and "for protecting them... from punishment for any murders which they should commit on the inhabitants of these States. Foreign bases create enemies and make us less safe. 27

28 Where Does the Money Go? War costs Foreign military bases War profiteers 28

29 War Profiteers Example: Lockheed Martin 84% Percent of L/M profits derived directly from US tax payers, 2008 $4.4 billion Amount of tax-payer money distributed as profit, 2008 $42.68 million Total compensation of Lockheed Martin CEO, 2009 29 Sources: Forbes; LM Company Statements;

30 Lockheed Martin Paid $577.2 million in fines because of contract fraud since 1995 Found guilty of 50 instances of various kinds of misconduct (including contractor kickbacks, nuclear safety violations, fraud, etc.) Source: Project on Government Oversight 30

31 Lockheed Martin: Forms of Influence Political donations, 2008 cycle: $2,801,455 (from L/M PACs and individuals, per FEC) Paid lobbying, 2008: $15,981,506 Source: Open Secrets 31

32 Lockheed Martin: Forms of Influence Geographic distribution of subcontractors The ideal weapons system is built in 435 Congressional districts and it doesnt matter whether it works or not. Alain C. Enthoven, economist and former Pentagon official In 2009, Lockheed Martin placed full-page ads in the Washington Post showing the number of jobs for F-22 construction, by Congressional district, throughout the nation. 32

33 Lockheed Martin: Forms of InfluenceThe Revolving Door Lockheed's former vice-president, Bruce Jackson, worked in the DOD, and then organized and chaired the non-profit Committee for the Liberation of Iraq (2002-03): It lobbied hard for the Iraq wara war that dramatically increased Lockheed Martin profits 8 other senior Bush Administration members had similar ties to Lockheed Martin Source: Hartung & Ciarrocca 33

34 The War Profiteer Circle 34 Contracts: $$ Profits $$ Lobbying Political Donations Revolving Door

35 What Do Military Contractors Do? Feed troops Maintain facilities and equipment Transport cargo Wash clothes Provide security guards for bases and diplomats Engage in military actions Contractors are doing everything that used to be done solely by the militaryfor a profit. 35

36 Contractors vs. Troops in Afghanistan 36 Source: Congressional Research Service

37 Who Are Mercenaries? Soldiers-for-hire or private security contractors. They are recruited from all over the world. 37

38 Outsourcing the Military Powerful companies promote war because it is profitable, not because of the interests of the nation The profit motive, in war, can be counter to the militarys goals and the nations Oversight of contractors is negligible and contractors often do poor jobscosting lives and more money Cost-plus contracts, the most common DOD-type contract, encourage waste and unnecessary spending 38

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40 What Does the Militarization of America Cost You? 40 Economic Costs Environmental Costs Cost to Democracy

41 A Weaker Economy Increased spending on the military relative to other parts of the economy leads to : Fewer jobs Higher interest rates Greater inflation 41 Source: Center for Economic and Policy Research

42 U.S. Job Creation with $1 Billion Spending Number of Jobs Created Education Health Care Clean Energy Consumption Military Source: U of MA, Political Economy Research Institute 42

43 A Weaker Economy Money to finance wars displaces productive investment, for example to rebuild infrastructure at home. As a result of not making these investments, future output in the U.S. will be smaller. Source: Stiglitz and Bilmes, The Three Trillion Dollar War 43

44 Economic Costs: Debt Service Source: Congressional Joint Economic Committee Majority Staff, Nov. 2007 Interest costs alone are so high that they will soon dwarf federal spending on other priorities 44

45 Personal Costs Projected Costs of Wars: $3.5 Trillion by 2017 Almost $50,000 per Family Source: Congressional Joint Economic Committee Majority Staff, Nov. 2007 45

46 Total Estimated Costs of Iraq & Afghanistan: $3.5 Trillion With $3.5 trillion, for the next 133 years, we could send every 18-year-old in the U.S. to a state university. We could pay all their education expenses--tuition, fees, and room and board--for four years. 46

47 What Does the Militarization of America Cost You? 47 Economic Costs Environmental Costs Cost to Democracy

48 Environmental Costs The U.S. military is the biggest polluter in the world, generating an estimated 750,000 tons of toxic waste every year. The military burns an estimated 20 million gallons of gasoline dailyabout the same as the entire country of Iran. The military writes its SOFAs to exempt the U.S. from responsibility for cleaning up environmental damage. 48 Sources: Graydon Carter; Barry Sanders

49 What Does the Militarization of America Cost You? 49 Economic Costs Environmental Costs Cost to Democracy

50 Threat to Democracy Militarism restricts freedom at home Recent arrests of peace activists in Chicago and Minneapolis Protest zones established 50

51 Threat to Democracy Militarism involves immense amounts of money that corrupt the political system Campaign contributions, election ads and lobbying by war profiteers and other corporations (e.g., oil) Militarism leads to secrecy which is incompatible with democracy The State Secrets Privilege Patriot Act provisions 51

52 Threat to Democracy Militarism erodes fundamental rights Denial of Habeas Corpus in War on Terror Legalization of torture Military Commissions Act of 2006, creating kangaroo courts Militarism demonizes certain citizens--who then lose basic rights Japanese-Americans in WW II Muslims and Arab Americans today 52

53 Threat to Democracy Militarism expands government surveillance of citizens Maryland activists placed on terrorist list, organizations monitored by State police NSA data mining Militarism leads to powerful secret paramilitary organizations, illegal actions by government, and lack of accountabilitydestroying the rule of law CIA – Black sites and illegal violence in many countries Extraordinary rendition kidnappings and disappearances 53

54 Threat to Democracy Of all the enemies to public liberty war is... most to be dreaded because it comprises... the germ of every other... No nation could preserve its freedom in the midst of continual warfare. James Madison 54

55 BECAUSE OUR ECONOMY IS WEAKER DUE TO EXCESSIVE MILITARY SPENDING, WE HAVE: Less to invest in new businesses and new ways of doing things Less to spend on health, education, infrastructure, art and culture WE ALL HAVE TO WORK HARDER AND LONGER HOURS, JUST TO STAY EVEN. WE ENDANGER THE ABILITY OF HUMAN BEINGS TO LIVE ON EARTH. WE PLACE THE FUTURE OF OUR DEMOCRACY AT RISK. What Does the Militarization of America Cost You? 55

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60 The Cost of Militarism Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed. This world in arms is not spending money alone. It is spending the sweat of its laborers, the genius of its scientists, the hopes of its children. This is not a way of life at all in any true sense. Under the clouds of war, it is humanity hanging on a cross of iron. Dwight Eisenhower 60

61 FIVE MYTHS ABOUT SECURITY To Reverse Militarism: Can We Safely Cut the Military Budget? 61

62 Myth #1: The More We Spend, the More Secure We Are The vitality of our economy is the cornerstone of our nation's strength. 62 Source: Experts Letter to Deficit Commission

63 Myth #1, contd: The More We Spend, the More Secure We Are Since 1968, most terrorist groups have ended because: (1) They joined the political process (43 percent), or (2) Local police and intelligence agencies arrested or killed key members (40 percent). 63 Source: Rand

64 Myth #2: U.S. Military Spending Protects Americans from Foreign Threats The U.S. military is designed for: Power projection: the capacity to intimidate other nations and implement policy by means of force or threat of force Military intervention around the globe 64 Bacevich, Washington Rules Do power projection and wars make us safer?

65 Myth #2, contd: U.S. Military Spending Protects Americans from Foreign Threats Example: Suicide Attacks 2000: 20 suicide attacks, one was anti-American 2009: 300 suicide attacks, 270 were anti-American. 65 Source: Pape, Foreign Policy

66 Myth #3: Only Force or Threat of Force Can Keep Us Safe Other sources of power: Diplomacy Economic power Moral suasion International cooperation (e.g., intelligence, policing) 66 Peace & security require justice Justice requires law

67 Myth #4: Military Spending is the Only Good Government Spending Were not number one: 11 th : Percent of 25-34 year-olds who have graduated high school 22 nd : Broadband Internet access 24 th : Life expectancy at birth 32 nd : Infant mortality rate 37 th : Health care quality 48 th : Quality of K-12 science and math 67 Sources: National Academies Press; UN Social Indicators

68 Myth #5: The U.S. is Responsible for Organizing the World We are the good guys who fight to: Create democracy Save lives Kill the bad guys Eliminate evil dictators 68

69 How Much for Security? The U.S. spends: 55 times as much as the combined spending of the six rogue states that we have demonized (Cuba, Iran, Libya, North Korea, Sudan, and Syria) But 47% of Americans fear that our military is inadequate! 69 Source: Daily Kos

70 How Much & What to Cut? 70

71 How Much Could We Cut the Military Budget? 71 Andrew Bacevich: We should reduce the US military budget to a level that does not exceed the combined military spending of all ten of the next highest-spending countries in the world. Source: National Priorities ProjectSecurity Spending Primer

72 Deficit Commission Proposal Co-chairs of the Presidents Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and Reform: Cut $100 billion by 2015 Examples: Cut specific weapons systems Cut 1/3 of foreign military bases Charge military more for health care 72

73 Barney Frank/Ron Paul Proposal Sustainable Defense Task Force: Cut $998 billion over 10 years Examples: Cut nuclear warheads Reduce size of military forces Cut certain weapons systems 73 Source: Debt, Deficits and Defense

74 Institute for Policy Studies Task Force on A Unified Security Budget for the U.S.: Cut $75 billion in 2011: Examples: Nuclear weapons: $7 bn Missile defense: $7 bn V-22 Osprey: $2.7 bn 74 Source: Task Force on a Unified Security Budget

75 Fund Out Communities: Bring the War Dollars Home 75 A growing coalition: CASA de Maryland Chesapeake Climate Action Columbia United Christian Church, Peace & Justice Committee Gray Panthers /Metro DC Network of Spiritual Progressives/MD Pax Christi/MD Peace Action Montgomery Progressive Democrats of America/MD Southern Christian Leadership Conference/ Montgomery County Womens International League for Peace and Freedom/DC

76 Fund Our Communities: Goals Significant increases in domestic spending for jobs, veterans services, infrastructure, education, health care, the environment, and human services. Major reductions in the Pentagon budget, amounting to at least 25% over the next five years. 76

77 Coalition Member Activities Campaign endorsement Education of own group Legislative advocacy Events Outreach to other organizations 77

78 Campaign Activities: Peace Action Montgomery General Assembly resolution and/or letter County Council resolution Series of events in March, with cost-of-war sign a focus Public presentations on cost of war Lobbying Congress Community organizing: building the coalition 78

79 Fund Our Communities: Bring the War Dollars Home 79

80 Sources American Forces Press Service, recruiting-cuts-reasonable recruiting-cuts-reasonable American Friends Service Committee, Amnesty International, Bacevich, Andrew, Washington Rules, Americas Path to Permanent War, Metropolitan Books, 2010. Center for Arms Control and Non Proliferation, 2009 Briefing Book, Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation, Putting Afghanistan Troop Increases in Perspective, Dec. 2. perspective/ perspective/ Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation, Analysis of 2010 Defense Authorization Agreement, Oct. 21, 2009. Center for Arms Control and Nonproliferation: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, Center for Economic and Policy Research: shows-increased-us-military-spending-slows-economy.html shows-increased-us-military-spending-slows-economy.html Chalmers Johnson, Americas Empire of Bases. 80

81 Sources, continued Commission on Wartime Contracting in Iraq and Afghanistan, Interim Report, June 2009: CNN, Congress to Probe Private Military Contractors in Afghanistan: Congressional Joint Economic Committee Majority Report. War At Any Price?: 9af9-716c-d2ecbc191d33&Region_id=&Issue_id= 9af9-716c-d2ecbc191d33&Region_id=&Issue_id Congressional Research Service Report RL 33110, September 28, 2009 Congressional Research Service Report R40764, September 21, 2009, Congressional Research Service Report RL 33222, US Foreign Aid to Israel, Congressional Research Service: Daily Kos: Our Taxes Are off to War, March 8, 2010: Anita Dancs, Mary Orisich, Suzanne Smith, The Military Costs of Securing Energy (National Priorities Project – October 2008) 81

82 Sources, continued Debt, Deficits and Defense, Sustainable Defense Task Force, 2010: Tom Englehardt: Tomdispatch, bout_your_military/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+to mdispatch%2FesUU+%28TomDispatch%3A+The+latest+Tomgram%29 bout_your_military/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+to mdispatch%2FesUU+%28TomDispatch%3A+The+latest+Tomgram%29 Experts Letter on Defense Spending, Nov. 18, 2010, Forbes: Foreign Policy in Focus: Anita Dancs, The Cost of the Global U.S. Military Presence, July 2009: Foreign Policy in Focus, A Unified Security Budget: Friends Committee on National Legislation, Keeping Military Spending in Balance with the Nations Priorities, March 16, 2009. William Hartung and Michelle Ciarrocca, Corporate Think Tanks and the Doctrine of Aggressive Militarism, The Multinational Monitor, Jan/Feb. 2003. Huck Gutman, ublications/NPP_Security_Spending_Primer.pdf 82

83 Sources, continued Iraq Coalition Casualties: Jeremy Scahill, interviewed by Bill Moyers, June 2009. John Feffer, Good War vs. Great Society, Foreign Policy in Focus, Sept. 22, 2009. Joseph Stiglitz and Linda Bilmes, The Three Trillion Dollar War, Norton & Co., 2008. Just Foreign Policy: National Priorities Project: http://www.nationalpriorities.org National Priorities Project Security Spending Primer: National Academies Press, Rising Above the Gathering Storm, 2010, National Priorities Project, Out of Balance: balance balance National Priorities Project, Presidents Budget FY 2011: Newser: 83

84 Sources, continued Open Secrets: loy=&cand= and loy=&cand Pape, Robert A., Its the Occupation, Stupid, Foreign Policy, Oct. 18, 2010:,0,0 Peace Corps Web Site, Political Economy Research Institute, U. of Mass., Robert Pollin and Heidi Garrett-Peltier, The U.S. Employment Effects of Military and Domestic Spending Priorities,, Oct. 9, 2009: http://www.ips- Project on Defense Alternatives: Project on Defense Alternatives, Project on Government Oversight, 20090421.html 20090421.html Rand, How Terrorist Groups End: Lessons for Countering Al Qaida Refugees International: Reuters, Chinese Military Spending: 84

85 Sources, continued Right Web: Committee for the Liberation of Iraq: http://www.rightweb.irc- Smartrend: strike-fighter-program-needs-another-year-reuters strike-fighter-program-needs-another-year-reuters Task Force on a Unified Security Budget, Institute for Policy Studies: http://www.ips- United Nations, Social Indicators: U.S. Budget: United States Navy Fact File,, accessed November 15, 2009. War Resisters League: Ycharts: Lockheed Martin: 85

86 86 Optional Slides Follow

87 Arming the World: Costs Associated with Aid & Sales 87

88 U.S.: Arms Dealer to the World Source: Congressional Research Service, Sept. 2009 Arms Transfer Agreements with The World, By Supplier, 2008 88

89 Sales to Other Countries: Example Israel Proposed U.S. Military Aid to Israel FY2009-FY2018: $30 billion Israel is required to use 74% of its aid money on U.S. purchases, totaling $24.4 billion. 89 Source: Congressional Research Service: US Foreign Aid to Israel

90 Sales to Other Countries Example: Israel Pentagon Seeks $15.2B Fighter Sale to Israel Sept. 30, 2008 The Defense Department said today it wants to sell up to 75 fighter jets to Israel in a $15.2 billion deal... The Defense Security Cooperation Agency said it notified Congress on Friday that Israel has asked to buy 25 of the F-35s made by Lockheed Martin Corp., with an option to buy an additional 50 at a later date. 90 Newser Online News Journal

91 Sales to Other Countries: Example Israel US gives Israel billions of dollars US requires Israel to spend most of it by buying from US arms manufacturers Israel buys planes from Lockheed Martin Lockheed Martin makes more profits 91

92 Fragments of a US-made M155 white phosphorus carrier artillery shell fired by Israeli forces into Gaza White phosphorus: Causes deep burns through muscle and down to the bone, continuing to burn until deprived of oxygen. Can contaminate other parts of the body, poisoning and irreparably damaging internal organs. Is extremely painful and very lethal. White phosphorus was used extensively in the war on Gaza 2008-09 92 Source: Amnesty International

93 Remains of a US-made Hellfire missile that killed 3 paramedics and a child in Gaza. War on Gaza, 08-09: American-made planes Dropping American- made bombs Paid for with American taxpayer funds 93 Source: Amnesty International

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