Presentation on theme: "A Pizza Its a pizza ! BIG adjective BIG BIGGER."— Presentation transcript:
Its a pizza ! BIG adjective
BIG – an adjective BIGGER – a comparative
English Lesson Comparatives and Superlatives Version ` Mr. LO Chung-kwong TPGSS
Part I The Comparatives
When we compare two persons or things, we use a comparative adjective + than.
Examples: The red ball is bigger than the blue ball. red ball blue ball big small The blue ball is smaller than the red ball. adjective comparative + than
The tree is taller than John. John is shorter than the tree.
How do we form Comparatives ?
(i) For short adjectives of 1 or 2 syllables, + er old older coolcooler warmwarmer cleverer narrow clever nearnearer narrower
(ii) For adjectives of 1 or 2 syllables ending in e, + r larger, wider, simpler large, wide, simple.
(iii) For adjectives of 2 syllables ending in y, change y into ier. pretty, heavy, lucky. prettier, heavier, luckier
(iv) For adjectives of more than 2 syllables ( e.g. beautiful ) or adjectives of 2 syllables ending in ful, less, ic, ous, ive, + more more useful more expensive more comfortable more fantastic more careless more delicious more talkative…
(v) Some adjectives with special comparatives Dick has got 90 marks in the Maths test. Dick has got a good result. Sue has got 95 marks in the same test. Sue has got a better result. Good Bad Far Better Worse Farther
tall - taller large – larger happy – happier careful – more careful bad – worse
Put the following comparatives into five groups: closer longer worse more useful prettier richer more careless larger happier older more talkative better luckierfarther later Answers: (a) richer, longer, older. (b) later, larger, closer. (c) more careless, more useful, more talkative. (e) better, worse, farther. (d) Prettier, luckier, happier.
Come and try!
Give the comparatives of the following adjectives: 1. thick 2. large 3. colourful 4. expensive 5. hot 6. wet thicker larger more colourful more expensive ho tt er we tt er
Using the Comparatives
The English book is the Chinese book. thick thicker than
This sitting-room is that sitting-room. tidy tidier than
old The woman is older than the girl.
comfortable Sofas are than chairs. more comfortable
bedroomtoilet kitchen Living room Flat A bedroom toilet Living room kitchen B Flat A flat B. large is larger than Flat B
Lets make some sentences!
Make 4 sentences using comparative adjectives to compare Peter and Mary. Peter Mary
Examples: Mary is taller than Peter.
Suggested answers Peter is shorter than Mary. Mary is thinner than Peter. Peter is fatter than Mary. Mary is lighter than Peter. Peter is heavier than Mary.
The Superlatives Part II
Using the superlatives When we are comparing three things or more, we use the + a superlative
The elephant is bigger than the lion. The lion is bigger than the rabbit. The elephant is the biggest.
Forms of Superlatives
A. Adjectives of one and two syllables + est big bigger biggest n cheap n cheaper n cheapest fat fat fatter fatter fattest fattest pretty prettier prettiest
expensive more expensive than the most expensive n important n more n more important than n the n the most important B. Adjectives of 3 or more syllables, or adjectives ending in ful, less, ic, ous or ive.
C. Some special superlatives Good Better than The best Far Farther / further than The farthest / furthest Bad Worse than The worst
Classwork Try the Online Exercise.
Homework 2 Do GE 2 a ( short answers ) and 2 b ( sentences ) Hand in on Thursday. Find this PowerPoint on the CEC Eng Resources and Information