(i) For short adjectives of 1 or 2 syllables, + er old older coolcooler warmwarmer cleverer narrow clever nearnearer narrower
(ii) For adjectives of 1 or 2 syllables ending in e, + r larger, wider, simpler large, wide, simple.
(iii) For adjectives of 2 syllables ending in y, change y into ier. pretty, heavy, lucky. prettier, heavier, luckier
(iv) For adjectives of more than 2 syllables ( e.g. beautiful ) or adjectives of 2 syllables ending in ful, less, ic, ous, ive, + more more useful more expensive more comfortable more fantastic more careless more delicious more talkative…
(v) Some adjectives with special comparatives Dick has got 90 marks in the Maths test. Dick has got a good result. Sue has got 95 marks in the same test. Sue has got a better result. Good Bad Far Better Worse Farther
tall - taller large – larger happy – happier careful – more careful bad – worse
Put the following comparatives into five groups: closer longer worse more useful prettier richer more careless larger happier older more talkative better luckierfarther later Answers: (a) richer, longer, older. (b) later, larger, closer. (c) more careless, more useful, more talkative. (e) better, worse, farther. (d) Prettier, luckier, happier.
A. Adjectives of one and two syllables + est big bigger biggest n cheap n cheaper n cheapest fat fat fatter fatter fattest fattest pretty prettier prettiest
expensive more expensive than the most expensive n important n more n more important than n the n the most important B. Adjectives of 3 or more syllables, or adjectives ending in ful, less, ic, ous or ive.
C. Some special superlatives Good Better than The best Far Farther / further than The farthest / furthest Bad Worse than The worst