Kingdom Notes Outline Classification of Living Things –Why do we need to classify? G_____________ D _____________ Relationships –Without classifications, scientists wouldnt be able to share information about ALL of THOSE organisms! –How living things are classified Not ONE correct system Father of modern classification system __________ __________ ____________ & ___________ are important characteristics to consider when classifying
–Some scientists claim that there are six or seven kingdoms Plantae –have c ____ ___ & have sprouts or shoots –Make their own food Animalia –have multi- _______ & can move Fungi - mostly multicellular, take in food & cant move - sponge-like Protista –Mostly s_______-celled –Some have cell walls –Can take in food or make their own –Many can move - primitive - primitiveMonera –________ -celled –No nucleus –Can take in food or make their own –Include bacteria
How Kingdoms are Subdivided Terms:GenusSpecies Dichotomous Key
How Kingdoms are Subdivided Grouping living things –_______ described several different levels –A total of ___ levels is now used to classify organisms –As you move down the levels, the organisms are more and more __________
Seven Layers Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species Kids Pick Chocolate Off Fingers…Good Stuff King Phillip Came Over for Great Spaghetti Kings Play Cards On Fancy Green Sofas DS Animals Chordata Mammal Carnivor Primate Homo Sapien
Naming living things According to ______ we use the latin names of the G______ & S________ Genus means kind Species usually refers to what it looks like or where it _____
Using a key Di- chotomous = 2 parts usually yes/no responses Look at page A56 at the dichotomous key Answer the question
Developing a Dichotomous Key At each step this key asks the reader to decide which of two statements best describes the organism he or she is trying to identify. The reader then moves on to the next pair of statements until the organism is identified. Many dichotomous keys contain simple yes/no questions about a particular trait. A yes/no question If yes, continue If no, stop here As you keep isolating traits, the identifying characteristic becomes evident.