Presentation on theme: "Harcourt Science Unit A Chapter 2"— Presentation transcript:
1 Harcourt Science Unit A Chapter 2 ClassificationHarcourt ScienceUnit AChapter 2Mrs.Strand6th gradeLockwood Middle School
2 Kingdoms Terms: Classification Linnaean System Animalia Plantae Fungi ProtistaMoneraAdaptation
3 Kingdom Notes Outline Classification of Living Things Why do we need to classify?G_____________D _____________RelationshipsWithout classifications, scientists wouldn’t be able to share information about ALL of THOSE organisms!How living things are classifiedNot ONE correct systemFather of modern classification system __________ ______________________ & ___________ are important characteristics to consider when classifying
4 Some scientists claim that there are six or seven kingdoms Plantaehave c ____ ___ & “have sprouts or shoots”Make their own foodAnimaliahave multi- _______ & can moveFungi- mostly multicellular, take in food & can’t move- “sponge-like”ProtistaMostly s_______-celledSome have cell wallsCan take in food or make their ownMany can move- “primitive”Monera________ -celledNo nucleusInclude bacteria
5 How Kingdoms are Subdivided Terms:GenusSpeciesDichotomous Key
6 How Kingdoms are Subdivided Grouping living things_______ described several different levelsA total of ___ levels is now used to classify organismsAs you move down the levels, the organisms are more and more __________
7 Seven Layers Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species Animals ChordataMammalCarnivorPrimateHomoSapienKids Pick Chocolate Off Fingers…Good StuffKing Phillip Came Over for Great SpaghettiKings Play Cards On Fancy Green Sofas DS
8 Naming living thingsAccording to ______ we use the latin names of the G______ & S________Genus means “kind”Species usually refers to what it looks like or where it _____
9 Using a keyDi- chotomous = 2 partsusually “yes”/”no” responsesLook at page A56 at the dichotomous keyAnswer the question
10 Developing a Dichotomous Key At each step this key asks the reader to decide which of two statements best describes the organism he or she is trying to identify. The reader then moves on to the next pair of statements until the organism is identified. Many dichotomous keys contain simple yes/no questions about a particular trait.A yes/no questionIf yes, continueIf no, stop hereAs you keep isolating traits,the identifying characteristicbecomes evident.
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