Presentation on theme: "SURREALISM AVI 4M1. As of 1924, Dadaism was washed-up. A dead end. Some Dadaists went on to organize a new group of artists and poets interested in continuing."— Presentation transcript:
SURREALISM AVI 4M1
As of 1924, Dadaism was washed-up. A dead end. Some Dadaists went on to organize a new group of artists and poets interested in continuing some of the Dadaists experiments…
Man Ray, Cadeau, 1921 … interested in using found objects; … exploring the power of juxtapositions; … employing chance in art-making;
Man Ray, Marquise Casati, 1922 … and exploring the unconscious through art.
Max Erst, At the Rendezvous of Friends, 1922
The leader of this new group was not an artist, but a poet: Andre Breton. Breton and his friends were fascinated by psychoanalysis and the ideas of Sigmund Freud.
The part of you the world sees, governed by the Reality Principle Your conscience (the angel and devil on your shoulder) Biological forces governed by the Pleasure Principle, driven by sexual and violent urges of which you are unaware. Only glimpsed in dreams
The goal of the Surrealists was to tap into the ID and draw this inner world out into the physical world; a transmutation of two seemingly contradictory states, dream and reality, into a sort of absolute reality, of surreality – Andre Breton I dont see the hidden one in the forest
The Domestic Stones (fragment) by Hans Arp The feet of morning the feet of noon and the feet of evening walk ceaselessly round pickled buttocks on the other hand the feet of midnight remain motionless in their echo-woven baskets consequently the lion is a diamond on the sofas made of bread are seated the dressed and the undressed the undressed hold leaden swallows between their toes the dressed hold leaden nests between their fingers at all hours the undressed get dressed again and the dressed get undressed and exchange the leaden swallows for the leaden nests consequently the tail is an umbrella Hans Arp, Shirt Front and Fork
External restraints of logic, control and meaning were cast aside to arrive at the far recesses of the mind, Joan Miro, Hand Catching a Bird what Bresson calledpure psychic automatism
Chance was employed by some Surrealists in order to tap into the ID; Max Ernst created chance textures by pressing wet paint between two surfaces. He called this decalcomania. Max Ernst, Europe after the Rain, 1940
Chance was employed by some Surrealists in order to tap into the ID; Joan Miro practiced automatic drawing. Joan Miro, Carnival of Harlequin, 1924
Illogical juxtapositions were used by some Surrealists; Max Ernst, Oedipus Max, 1940
Illogical juxtapositions were used by some Surrealists; Rene Magritte, The False Mirror, 1928
Illogical juxtapositions were used by some Surrealists; Salvador Dali, The Persistence of Memory, 1931
The empty plain of the unconscious where time decomposes and has no meaning: Salvador Dali, The Persistence of Memory, 1931
Salvador Dali, Autumnal Cannibalism, 1937
Surrealists question your perceptions and preconceptions. Rene Magritte, Ceci nest pas une Pipe, 1926
Surrealists question your perceptions and preconceptions. Salvador Dali, Visage of Mae West, 1935
Surrealism became the most influential and popular form of Modernism through the 1930s and 1940s. Salvador Dali, The Burning Giraffe 1937
Rudolph Schlichter, Blind Power 1937 The rise of Fascism caused many Surrealists to flee Europe and move to New York City.