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Loading – Review 1 Chapter 10

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Aim To review the aircraft loading quiz questions

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Objectives 1.Review the Quiz results

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1. Objective BAK_LOADING_001 Define Basic Empty Weight (BEW): Basic Empty Weight (BEW) includes the airframe, engine, fixed equipment, unusable fuel, full oil and other items necessary for all flights.

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1. Objective BAK_LOADING_002 Define Zero Fuel Weight (ZFW): Zero Fuel Weight (ZFW) is the Basic Empty Weight of the aeroplane plus the pilot, passengers, cargo. Useable fuel is not included.

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1. Objective BAK_LOADING_003 Loading system A BEW = 1030kg IU = - 220 R1 = 150kg R2 = 150kg R3 = 75kg Nose baggage = 45kg Find the maximum fuel. 1030 150 75 45 1450 Working: 1.Fill in weights 2.Total for ZFW 3.Enter chart at BEW and follow arrows for CofG position

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1. Objective BAK_LOADING_003 Loading system A BEW = 1030kg IU = - 220 R1 = 150kg R2 = 150kg R3 = 75kg Nose baggage = 45kg Find the maximum fuel. 1450 Working: 3. Extend line down into CoG envelope 4. Determine CoG at ZFW 5. Determine MTOW – Note CoG limits 6. Max. Fuel = MTOW – ZFW = 165kg – Note Fuel capacity ZFW = 1450 MTOW = 1615 1615 165

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1. Objective BAK_LOADING_004 Loading system B Find the maximum baggage that can be carried. Working: 1.Fill in known data 2.Find Moment/1000 StationWeight(lbs)ArmMoment/1000 EW Oil Fuel – 37gal (141L) Row 1 Row 2 SubTotal (No Bag.) Baggage Take Off Weight 1230 15 222 350 370 2187 Zero Fuel Weight 98.4

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1. Objective BAK_LOADING_004 Loading system B Find the maximum baggage that can be carried. Working: 1.Fill in known data 2.Find Moment/1000 Row 1 = 350lbs The Moment/1000 can be found in two different ways: 1.Using the loading graph 2.Multiplying the weight by the arm Moment/1000 = 31.25

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StationWeight(lbs)ArmMoment/1000 1. Objective BAK_LOADING_004 Loading system B Find the maximum baggage that can be carried. Working: 1.Fill in known data 2.Find Moment/1000 3.Determine how much baggage can be carried – Start with loading to MTOW – Note CoG and max. baggage limits 4.Determine if TOW and ZFW are within the CoG envelope EW Oil Fuel – 37gal (141L) Row 1 Row 2 SubTotal (No Bag.) Baggage Take Off Weight 1230 15 222 350 370 2187 13 2200 80 32 91 126 151 98.4 0.48 20.02 31.85 46.62 197.37 1.96 199.33 Zero Fuel Weight 1978179.28

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1. Objective BAK_LOADING_004 Loading system B Find the maximum baggage that can be carried. Working: 1.Fill in known data 2.Find Moment/1000 3.Determine how much baggage can be carried – Start with loading to MTOW – Note CoG and max. baggage limits 4.Determine if TOW and ZFW are within the CoG envelope ZFW TOW

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StationWeight(lbs)ArmMoment/1000 1. Objective BAK_LOADING_005 Loading system C Find maximum fuel in litres. Working: 1.Fill in known data 2.Find Index Unit for each station EW Full Oil Row 1 Row 2 Baggage ZFW Fuel Take Off Weight 687 7 140 120 70 1024 19,522

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1. Objective BAK_LOADING_005 The Index Unit can be found in two different ways: 1.Using the tables provided 2.Multiplying the weight by the arm Working: 1.Fill in known data 2.Find Index Unit for each station Loading system C Find maximum fuel in litres.

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StationWeight(lbs)ArmMoment/1000 1. Objective BAK_LOADING_005 Loading system C Find maximum fuel in litres. EW Full Oil Row 1 Row 2 Baggage ZFW Fuel Take Off Weight 687 7 140 120 70 1024 91 1115 3600 4210 2950 19,522 86 3,850 4,320 2,947 30,725 2,684 33,409 3000 2996 2750 Working: 1.Fill in known data 2.Find Index Unit for each station 3.Determine how much fuel can be carried – Start with loading to MTOW – Note CoG and max. fuel capacity limits

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StationWeight(lbs)ArmMoment/1000 1. Objective BAK_LOADING_005 Loading system C Find maximum fuel in litres. ZFW Fuel Take Off Weight 1024 91 1115 2950 30,725 2,684 33,409 3000 2996 Working: 1.Fill in known data 2.Find Index Unit for each station 3.Determine how much fuel can be carried – Start with loading to MTOW – Note CoG and max. fuel capacity limits 4.Calculate CoG position for ZFW and TOW

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1. Objective BAK_LOADING_005 Loading system C Find maximum fuel in litres. Working: 1.Fill in known data 2.Find Index Unit for each station 3.Determine how much fuel can be carried – Start with loading to MTOW – Note CoG and max. fuel capacity limits 4.Calculate CoG position for ZFW and TOW 5.Check CoG position on CoG envelope ZFW TOW

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1. Objective BAK_LOADING_005 Loading system C Find maximum fuel in litres. Working: 1.Fill in known data 2.Find Index Unit for each station 3.Determine how much fuel can be carried – Start with loading to MTOW – Note CoG and max. fuel capacity limits 4.Calculate CoG position for ZFW and TOW 5.Check CoG position on CoG envelope 6.Convert answer to Litres

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