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Refrigerant Line Sizing Knowledge makes the professional DESIGN AIR UNIVERSITY.

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Presentation on theme: "Refrigerant Line Sizing Knowledge makes the professional DESIGN AIR UNIVERSITY."— Presentation transcript:

1 Refrigerant Line Sizing Knowledge makes the professional DESIGN AIR UNIVERSITY

2 Whats the big deal with line sets? DESIGN AIR UNIVERSITY

3 Whats the big deal with line sets? Improperly-sized line sets can cause compressor failures. DESIGN AIR UNIVERSITY

4 3 Physical Factors Size of refrigerant charge Pressure drop Velocity DESIGN AIR UNIVERSITY

5 Each manufacturers piping design rules must be followed. Where to look? In the installation instructions. Do not just install line sets that match the fitting size on the outdoor unit or indoor coil. DESIGN AIR UNIVERSITY

6 Dont just match the connection size! DESIGN AIR UNIVERSITY

7 Dont just match the connection size! DESIGN AIR UNIVERSITY

8 Connection size on unitMay be correct liquid line size

9 Suction line sizing Must be large enough to minimize pressure drop which minimizes capacity loss... But small enough to keep the velocity of the refrigerant high enough to pick up and carry the oil back to the compressor. DESIGN AIR UNIVERSITY

10 Inside the Suction Line: Refrigerant Oil Droplets Refrigerant Vapor Molecule DESIGN AIR UNIVERSITY

11 Velocity is important! Approximately 1,200 feet per minute. DESIGN AIR UNIVERSITY

12 Why? Picks up refrigerant oil and returns it to the compressor. If velocity is too low, oil is not returned. DESIGN AIR UNIVERSITY

13 If suction line is too small... The increased resistance to flow will: Reduce the capacity and... Reduce the efficiency. DESIGN AIR UNIVERSITY

14 Why? Because the lower the suction pressure is when the refrigerant gases return to the compressor, the less dense they are. The compressor will pump less volume per cycle resulting in lower capacity & efficiency. DESIGN AIR UNIVERSITY

15 Whats the right size suction line? Large enough to minimize pressure drop. Pressure loss reduces cooling capacity. DESIGN AIR UNIVERSITY

16 Whats the right size suction line? Small enough to keep velocities up. A must for oil return to the compressor. Extra important on 2-stage equipment! DESIGN AIR UNIVERSITY

17 What about traps in vertical risers? Not needed. Undesirable, in fact. They just add to the pressure drop. Proper line sizing will result in proper velocity and good oil return. DESIGN AIR UNIVERSITY

18 Liquid Line Sizing Must be large enough to minimize pressure drop... But small enough to minimize excess refrigerant which can damage the compressor. DESIGN AIR UNIVERSITY

19 Whats the right size liquid line? Large enough to minimize pressure drop. Keep liquid refrigerant from flashing to a vapor. DESIGN AIR UNIVERSITY

20 If the liquid line is too small? Loss of capacity Damages expansion valve Noisy evaporator High superheat can damage compressor DESIGN AIR UNIVERSITY

21 Whats the right size liquid line? Small enough to minimize refrigerant charge. Excessive refrigerant can damage the compressor. DESIGN AIR UNIVERSITY

22 For example... A 3/8 liquid line holds well over twice as much refrigerant as a ¼ liquid line. DESIGN AIR UNIVERSITY

23 What happens if.. ?... the manufacturer recommends a ¼ inch liquid line for lengths up to 50 feet, but you install a 3 / 8 inch liquid line? The condensing unit is factory charged for 15 feet of properly-sized liquid line. DESIGN AIR UNIVERSITY

24 You must add refrigerant! 0.6 ounces per foot for every foot over 15 feet. For example: 50 feet minus 15 feet = 35 feet. 35 x 0.6 = 21 ounces of refrigerant. DESIGN AIR UNIVERSITY

25 At what cost? 21 ounces of R-410A $10.00 per pound = $ labor. And the system performance is worse! DESIGN AIR UNIVERSITY

26 What about compressor life? Liquid refrigerant migrates to the coldest spot in the system. Why put extra liquid into the crankcase? Washes out the lubrication Noise on start-up DESIGN AIR UNIVERSITY

27 Repeat after me... The equipment manufacturer is always right! Bigger is not better! Refrigerant line sizing is important! Incorrect line sizing can cause compressor failure. DESIGN AIR UNIVERSITY


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