Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Working with Local Communities in Indonesia Community consultation and engagement strategy May 2010.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Working with Local Communities in Indonesia Community consultation and engagement strategy May 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 Working with Local Communities in Indonesia Community consultation and engagement strategy May 2010

2 Introduction What is UN-REDD? REDD Coordination UN-REDD proposed approach to consultations Further developing the consultation/FPIC methodologies 1

3 24 Sept 08 - Official Launch of UN REDD by UN SG & Norways Prime Minister Delivering as One UN- FAO, UNDP, UNEP Demonstration activities to contribute to a successful post-2012 UNFCCC process UN-REDD

4 PHASE I COUNTRIES Africa: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Zambia Asia & Pacific: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Vietnam Latin America & Caribbean: Bolivia, Panama, Paraguay

5 The Programme to support the GoI in attaining REDD-Readiness Duration: 18 months Budget: 5.6 million USD Geographical focus: National Central Sulawesi, North Sulawesi, Gorontalo Local

6 Outcome 1: Strengthened multi-stakeholder participation and consensus at national level Activities OutputAgencyActivities 1.1UNDP Consensus on key issues for national REDD policy development 1.2UNDP REDD lessons learned – Small Grant Programme 1.3UNEPREDD communicaton programme

7 REDD Coordination National Government (MoFor, MoE, DNPI, MoFin, MinAgr etc) MoFor (CC Working Group/Bureau of International Cooperation) Multi-sector (National Forestry Council: DKN) Activities (National REDD Strategy) 1

8 REDD Donor Coordination 1 April 2010, JICA

9 Outcome 2 Successful demonstration of establishing a REL, MRV and fair payment systems at provincial level (Sulawesi) Activities OutputAgencyActivities 2.1FAO Measurement, Reporting and Verification System (MRV) 2.2FAOReference Emissions Level (REL) 2.3UNDPREDD payment mechanism 2.4UNEP Pilot REDD site identification toolkit (inc potential Carbon-benefits and co-benefits)

10 Outcome 3: Capacity established to implement REDD at district levels (Sulawesi) Activities OutputAgencyActivities 3.1UNDP Capacity for spatial socio-economic planning to incorporate REDD 3.2UNDP Local stakeholders are empowered to able to benefit from REDD 3.3UNDP Development of multi-stakeholder-endorsed district plans for REDD implementation

11 Activities- Outcome 3 Develop a comprehensive baseline dataset and identify areas of REDD- eligible forest Analyze opportunity costs of alternative land uses Analyze the potential socio-economic impacts of REDD on communities Mainstream REDD into existing spatial, forest utilization and FMU planning at District level District based consensus on land – and forest use allocation, Approve the REDD mainstreamed spatial plan Capacity needs assessment Design of capacity building & training Training of trainers Conduct of training and other capacity building activities Assessment of follow-up activities required to improve and sustain capacity Assess five districts in which REDD is most feasible Socialize REDD to these districts Invite these districts to present their proposals and ensure political readiness to implement REDD Agree with the selected district on an implementation framework. 2

12 REDD and Rights Safeguarding rights of local communities in any REDD scheme is critical – REDD/REDD+ has the potential to facilitate sustainable livelihoods and strengthen climate change adaptation – Fears that communities where rights to own and use land are poorly defined or protected will be marginalized – Accountability of international negotiators and investors – Stakeholders hope for REDD and REDD+ architecture will go beyond CDM – Already criticisms -no Rights no REDD 2

13 Free, Prior, Informed Consent (FPIC) Free :no coercion, intimidation or manipulation. Prior :consent has been sought sufficiently in advance, considering time requirements of indigenous consultation / consensus processes. Informed :information is provided that covers (at least) the following aspects: – The nature, size, pace, reversibility and scope of any proposed project or activity; – The reasons(s) for or purpose(s) of the project and/or activity; – The duration of the above; – The locality of areas that will be affected; Consent: Consultation and participation are crucial components of a consent process. This process may include the option of withholding consent. 5

14 International legal framework for FPIC 2007 United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples – Supported in UN General Assembly by Indonesia – Established the principle that development should not take place without the free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) of traditional communities whose lands and livelihoods might be affected. Draft COP 15 decision on REDD – recognizes the need to engage traditional and local communities in REDD+ activities. COP16 – Safeguarding rights in REDD/REDD+ will be a major issue to be discussed in Mexico 3

15 UN-REDD, Policies and Mechanisms UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (2002) UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (2007) UN Development Group (UNDG) Guidelines, Action Plan & Resource Kits on UN Declaration & Indigenous Peoples Issues (2008) UN-REDD Operational Guidance: Engagement of Indigenous Peoples and other Forest Dependent Communities (25 June 2009). 6

16 UN-REDD and Consultations UN-REDD aims to build capacity of Indonesia to achieve REDD readiness REDD readiness includes awareness and capacity developed to appropriately conduct consultations with local/customary communities Some UN-REDD capacity building activities will have direct contact at the community level- FPIC conducted: – Considering UNDRIP principles – To develop lessons learnt relating to FPIC process in REDD 7

17 Proposed Indonesia UN- REDD Consultation Approach The UN-REDD Programme in Indonesia covers a very broad range of activities. The level at which FPIC consultations will take place will thus need to vary for each activity, according to the context Activity LevelConsultation Method National level, policy coordination etc. National level consultations Provincial and district level capacity building activities Regional level consultations Community-specific activitiesFree, Prior, Informed Consent 8

18 National level consultation framework Establish a Civil Society Advisory Group – Purpose: to create a structure within which ongoing national-level consultation can take place for UN- REDD activities – Required under UN-REDD Operational Guidance on Engagement with indigenous Peoples: Indigenous peoples shall be represented on National REDD Steering Committees or equivalent bodies, where established. (p 10) 9

19 Role of National IP and CSO Advisory Group Attending meetings of the Programme Executive Board, when requested by the PEB Responding to ad-hoc requests for assistance from the UN-REDD Programme Providing ongoing advice, comments and feedback to UN-REDD on activities under the NJP Facilitating communication between local communities on UN-REDD activities Acting as a conduit for any complaints from customary/adat peoples or local communities Assisting in the dissemination of information on the UN-REDD Programme to customary/adat people and local communities 10

20 National communications strategy Awareness of REDD+ in Indonesia among customary/adat and local communities is currently very limited. UN-REDDs Communications Strategy will play an important role in raising awareness and preparing local communities for engagement with REDD+. Materials will be targeted to the needs of customary/adat and local communities 11

21 Provincial and district level consultations UN-REDD will need to identify the groups or institutions which represent customary/adat and local communities in the relevant province or district - focus on Central Sulawesi UN-REDD will also identify the capacity- building needs of those groups. Communication and awareness raising also a key component 12

22 Community-level Consultations All activities with on-the-ground impacts will require the consent of local communities FPIC Guidelines Some NGOs already conducting FPIC – set out the general principles for FPIC (eg gender) – Set out the process for obtaining consent (facilitators) – Allow for independent verification of FPIC – Recognize the need for a community-level complaint mechanism 13

23 Community-level Consultations Two main objectives: – To raise awareness, receive inputs and provide a process of engagement for local communities to indicate consent (or otherwise) for UN-REDD activities in their areas – To pilot REDD related FPIC processes, build up experience and increase capacity and awareness of local communities and government to mange consultations in the future for real REDD programmes 14

24 Conclusion One of the important points of UN-REDD activities with on-the-ground impacts is to follow the principles of FPIC In practice in C. Sulawesi, this means to identify and work closely with the major Adat/local community organizations -> not directly jump into villages An option at the national level is to work closely with a Civil Society Advisory Group 15

25 Appointment of National Project Director Establishment of JP office in MoFor March 2010:UN-REDD inception workshop Recruitment of JP staff ongoing May 2010: Meeting with Central Sulawesi Provincial Government and CSOs Workshops with customary and local/Adat communities to jointly develop the most appropriate consultation process for UN-REDD in Indonesia Developing guidelines for consultations and FPIC in anticipation of real REDD Progress and Next Steps

26 Informal Comments from C. Sulawesi CSOs Distribute all UNREDD document to public so that public will understand about REDD and UNREDD activities in Central Sulawesi. Conduct a multi stakeholder (including district governments and community) consultation meetings on implementation of UNREDD in central Sulawesi. Conduct a discussion on detailed plan of UNREDD activities in central Sulawesi involving multi stakeholders and also communities 16

Download ppt "Working with Local Communities in Indonesia Community consultation and engagement strategy May 2010."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google