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2007 Intermodal Operations Planning Workshop Bus Stop & Bus Lane Capacity: Planning Bus Routes in Downtown Seattle Owen Kehoe, PE, PTOE Transportation.

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Presentation on theme: "2007 Intermodal Operations Planning Workshop Bus Stop & Bus Lane Capacity: Planning Bus Routes in Downtown Seattle Owen Kehoe, PE, PTOE Transportation."— Presentation transcript:

1 2007 Intermodal Operations Planning Workshop Bus Stop & Bus Lane Capacity: Planning Bus Routes in Downtown Seattle Owen Kehoe, PE, PTOE Transportation Engineer Speed & Reliability Group King County Metro Transit Seattle, WA

2 Background Speed & Reliability Group Special projects, improve existing service Special projects, improve existing service Traffic Engineering background Traffic Engineering background Work with local DOTs Work with local DOTs Transit in Downtown Seattle: daily buses on 5 Avenues daily buses on 5 Avenues Bus Tunnel Bus Tunnel

3 Background 2-year Bus Tunnel Closure 2-year Bus Tunnel Closure – Buses diverted to surface streets 3 rd Avenue: Two way, Four Lanes 3 rd Avenue: Two way, Four Lanes Skip Stop operation: Blue & Yellow Zones Skip Stop operation: Blue & Yellow Zones General Traffic Restricted: Right-Turn Only AM/PM Peak General Traffic Restricted: Right-Turn Only AM/PM Peak 2 nd & 4 th Avenues: One way with transit lane 2 nd & 4 th Avenues: One way with transit lane Tunnel opening September 2007 Tunnel opening September 2007 – Traffic restrictions remain on 3 rd Avenue – Shift additional routes to 3 rd Avenue How many buses can we load onto 3 rd Avenue?

4 Too Many!

5 How Many Buses? Methodology presented in TCRP TCQS Manual Methodology presented in TCRP TCQS Manual – Bus Stop Capacity – Bus Lane Capacity Developed custom worksheet Developed custom worksheet – Need to automate, user-friendly – Uses available input data – Dialog with transit planning staff Focus on PM peak condition Focus on PM peak condition – 3 rd Avenue, NB & SB – 2 nd Avenue, SB only

6 Bus Stop Capacity # of Loading Areas Dwell Time Clearance Time Signal Timing Failure Rate Main InputsCalculationsOutput Capacity buses/hr 25% Right-Turn traffic

7 83 bus/hr 81 bus/hr 114 bus/hr 139 bus/hr 90 bus/hr 107 bus/hr 136 bus/hr 3 rd Ave Pine St Pike St Union St University St Seneca St Spring St Madison St Marion St Columbia St Cherry St James St Identify Critical Bus Stops NB Bus stop capacity Refine Dwell Time & Clearance Time measurements Blue Zone Capacity: 75 buses/hr Yellow Zone Capacity: 80 buses/hr

8 Bus Lane Capacity Adjacent Lane traffic Main InputsCalculationsOutput Bus Lane Capacity buses/hr Yellow Zone Capacity Blue Zone Capacity

9 3 rd Ave Pine St Pike St Union St University St Seneca St Spring St Madison St Marion St Columbia St Cherry St James St Blue Zone Capacity: 75 buses/hr Yellow Zone Capacity: 75 buses/hr SB Third Avenue Capacity: 140 buses/hr Blue Zone Capacity: 75 buses/hr Yellow Zone Capacity: 80 buses/hr NB Third Avenue Capacity: 140 buses/hr

10 End Results Compared bus volume to capacity Compared bus volume to capacity Assigned routes to 3 rd Avenue Assigned routes to 3 rd Avenue – Just enough buses/hr added – Skip-stops well-balanced Future Planning Future Planning – Identify improvements to increase capacity – BRT service integration Triple skip stop pattern? Triple skip stop pattern?

11 Key Lessons Learned Planning bus stop capacity for reliability Planning bus stop capacity for reliability – Maximize use of transit priority streets – Tool for planning/scheduling routes Balance: bus volume vs. reliability Balance: bus volume vs. reliability – Capacity = limit for acceptable reliability – Failure Rate sets reliability level Critical bus stops are key Critical bus stops are key – Analysis/data collection efforts – Capacity improvements

12 2007 Intermodal Operations Planning Workshop Owen Kehoe, PE, PTOE Speed & Reliability Group King County Metro Transit Seattle, WA Bus Stop & Bus Lane Capacity: Planning Bus Routes in Downtown Seattle


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