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ICT For Economic Development A View from the CTO By Dr Ekwow Spio-Garbrah CEO, CTO Presentation To British Computer Society London, 12 th July 2007.

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Presentation on theme: "ICT For Economic Development A View from the CTO By Dr Ekwow Spio-Garbrah CEO, CTO Presentation To British Computer Society London, 12 th July 2007."— Presentation transcript:

1 ICT For Economic Development A View from the CTO By Dr Ekwow Spio-Garbrah CEO, CTO Presentation To British Computer Society London, 12 th July 2007

2 Overview The CTO and Why I am here What We Mean By ICTs Definitions of DevelopmentMDGs The WSIS and CAPDD/CC What Are ICT Priorities of Governments How Regulators Support ICT Growth Roles of Operators in ICT Growth Actions of Some Other ICT Stakeholders How the CTO Helps In ICT Growth Possible Collaboration with BCS Conclusion

3 The CTO and Why I Am Here 106-year old London-based ICT organisation Since 2002, inter-governmental Partnership of governments, regulators, operating companies, suppliers, and others Facilitates Knowledge Sharing/Exchange Training and Capacity Building Research and Studies Advisory and Consultancy Services Information, Conferences and Workshops Came to Learn, Share and Collaborate

4 What Is ICT and What is Development 4-Pillars: Telecoms, Broadcasting, IT, Internet Global Development Agenda: MDGs/PRSPs Various Definitions of Development International Accords: WSIS-GAID/CAPDD-CC Decisions of ITU, CTO and similar bodies: WTDC, Plenipot, WRC, WTPC, Regional bodies Priorities of Funding Agencies Political Campaign Commitments National Development Plans National ICT Plans/Projects/e-Strategies Industry/Private Sector Roles

5 Examples of WSIS Action Plan/Agenda Achieve WSIS Connectivity Targets (villages, etc) Governments to develop and implement sustainable national e-strategies Promote communications infrastructure and media Develop multi-stakeholder partnerships Promote Access, Affordability, Availability Develop guidelines for Cyber-crime, cyber-security and misuse of ICTs Promote ICT Applications: the various e-s Set up of Internet Governance Forum Mobilise Funding, e.g. Digital Solidarity Fund

6 CAPDD/Commonwealth Connects Mandate from Heads of State Malta Declaration on ICTs Support from 5 Commonwealth Agencies Five Thematic Areas of Focus –Policy Development and Regulatory Capacity –Modernising Education and Skills Development –Entrepreneurship for Poverty Reduction –Promoting Local Access and Connectivity –Regional Networks, Local Content and Knowledge Project Identification/Implementation Reports to CHOGM and ICT Ministers

7 Overarching Role of MDGs: 2015 Eradicate Poverty and Hunger Achieve Universal Primary Education Promote Gender Equality and Empowerment Reduce Child Mortality Improve Maternal Health Combat HIV/AIDs/Malaria and Others Ensure Environmental Sustainability Develop Global Partnership - using ICTs

8 Some ICT Priorities of Governments: National e-Strategies Governments seek global best practices Want PPPPs in policy planning Regulatory functions/USFs Private sector, technology and know-how Managing/Monitoring national e-strategies Include local, regional and national needs Target Access, Inclusion, sustainability Mobilising financial resources for e-projects Human Capacity Building/Skills Training e-Government/nance, e-applications Rural Access, Disaster Management, etc

9 Concerns of Policy-Makers and Regulators Competition Policy, SNOs, TNOs, etc Licensing: How many operators per market? Privatisation of incumbents: implications Spectrum/Frequency Crunch/Migration USOs, USFs, Rural Access and Connectivity Infrastructure ownership/Layered Structures Convergence issues, Open Access Networks Dispute Resolution Quality of Service/Consumer Complaints Costs, Prices, Tariffs, Taxation Human Capacity, Skills Development Internet Governance, IXPs, Internet Costs Technological innovation/Content Issues (3Gs vrs 3Es)

10 Drivers of Regulatory Issues Global Technological innovation - 3G, 4Gg, Local Industry Priorities/Interconnection/Tariffs/… Foreign Investor Needs - Licensing/Spectrum/… Government Priorities - USF/e-applications/… Need to Uphold Legislation/Regulations Consumer Power/Complaints/Enforcement/Media International Trends - Internet Gov/Standards Regional cooperation/Harmonization Desire for Resources/Capacity to Keep Up Interest in benchmarking best practices

11 Issues for Regulators Regulatory Governance/ Independence/ Best Practices/GSR Harmonisation of Activities Mandates from ITU Sector Events WRC Issues WTSA, WTDC WTPC Spectrum Policy and Frequency Allocations Digital Broadcasting & Migration Issues Frequency Trading/Auctioning Civil/Military/Marine Frequencies Unlicensed/exempt band Licensing License Terms Interconnection Tariffing Numbering Plan Roaming NGNs/Conergence Type Approvals Capacity Building/ Skills Development Organisational effectiveness Recruitment/Training

12 Impact of ICTs On Development Global Transition from Agricultural and Industrial Revolutions to Information/Knowledge Economies Impact of Mobile Telephony on Economic Growth Impact of Radio, TV and IT Reductions in Transaction Costs Using ICTsin e.g. rural communications, ICT4DM, e-applications, e-services, m- services, terrorism Efforts to Promote low-cost handsets, lower cost roaming, number portability, lower ARPUs Importance of training and capacity building programmes for governments and regulators. BCS Exec Volunteers? Need To Promote local e-content in 3Es not 3Gs Need to avoid dependence on imports for some countries ICT Risks in Privacy, Fraud and Security of Transactions Possible Health and Environmental Risks/Issues in ICTs---- possible effect on sight, hearing, waste, etc

13 ICT4D – Telemedicine Application in Rural Community HIV/AIDS, TB Administering of drugs in rural community Monitoring and recording of patients data sent to Central database held at Ministry of Health

14 ICT4D – Rural Telcoop in Sri Lanka Working through Community based organisation – Samurdi Implemented 3 community based ICT hubs in different rural locations Each facilitated with Computers, Phone, Fax, Printers, etc Least cost solution to serve local community with ICT Trained staff to serve and train locals on the use of Web / Communications facilities for private & commercial use

15 Role of Operators/Suppliers Mobilise human, financial, techno resources, develop business models Invest resources, take risks Transfer knowledge/technology Compete, lower prices, satisfy consumers Produce desirable goods and services Support development in various ways Corporate Social responsibility roles

16 How CTO Helps Development through ICTs Jointly help to develop national e-strategies Ensure success of USFs, rural comms Help mobilise wider resources to assist Help build human capacity and ICT skills Hold workshops and conferences on key issues, including fraud prevention Work in aspects of rural communications Promote mobiles role in ICT4D & ICT4DM Raise awareness of taxation/health/environment Assist in path-to market strategic planning Joint studies on licensing, intercon/tariff, spectrum and frequency migration, etc Help promote new mobile use/services/3G/mainstream Vodafone issues

17 CTO Value Addition Ability to develop strong multi-stakeholder partnerships Potential to forge common interests amongst its members Political weight and lobbying capacity in global/regional ICT issues Facilitation of understanding amongst different ICT stakeholders Repository of ICT Knowledge for sharing Platform for exchanges on best practices and benchmarks Ability to pool scarce resources of its members to save costs Capacity to assist some members with their path-to- market strategies

18 Conclusion ICTs Are Proven Facilitators of Development All Stakeholders Recognise Power and Risks Governments Are Using ICTs to Meet MDGs Regulators/Operators Assisting in Various Ways There R Global, Regional and National Factors Politics, economics, technology and social evolution amongst variables Key objective is to achieve Information Societies Resource mobilisation critically needed Next priority is developing skills/capacities CTO can work with BCS and other stakeholders to achieve mutual objectives, especially for benchmarking & sharing best practices.

19 THANK YOU Dr Ekwow Spio-Garbrah CEO, CTO 26 – 28 Hammersmith Grove London, W6 7BA Tel.: +44 (0) Fax: +44 (0)


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