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12/06/2014 Seite 1 Develop institutional capacity for adaptation.

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1 12/06/2014 Seite 1 Develop institutional capacity for adaptation

2 12/06/2014 Seite 2 Page 2 As a federally owned enterprise, GIZ supports the German Government in achieving its objectives in the field of international cooperation for sustainable development. Published by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Dag-Hammarskjöld-Weg Eschborn, Germany T F Contact GIZ Climate Protection Programme Imprint Responsible Ilona Porsché, GIZ; Michael Scholze, GIZ Authors Jennifer Frankel-Reed, Barbara Fröde-Thierfelder, Ilona Porsché Contributions by Alfred Eberhardt, Mark Svendsen, Lea Herberg, Martin Baumgart, Udo Höggel, Michael Scholze, Alexander Fröde, Nana Künkel, members of the OECD Task Team on Climate Change and Development Co-operation Coordination Ilona Porsché, Barbara Fröde-Thierfelder Photo credits © GIZ/Climate Protection Programme and Claudia Altmann, Dirk Ostermeier, Florian Kopp, Georg Buchholz, Ira Olaleye, Jörg Böthling, Manuel Hauptmann, Markus Kirchgessner, Michael Gajo, Michael Netzhammer, Nicole Herzog, Peter Korneffel, Richard Lord, Robert Heine, Rüdiger Behrens, Ulrich Scholz, Ursula Meissner, Uwe Rau Design Ira Olaleye Articles written by named authors do not necessarily reflect the views of the editors.

3 12/06/2014 Seite 3 Page 3 Rationale Objective Comprehensive strategic approach to capacities needed for action on adaptation Importance Prepare effective implementation: Skilled experts, as well as appropriate institutional structures and processes, are necessary for systematic and strategic action on climate change adaptation. Foster institutional learning and adaptive management: Gathering experience is critical for long-term success Application especially as part of planning, should be ongoing

4 12/06/2014 Seite 4 Page 4 Institutional Capacity Development for adaptation: some definitions Institutions: Systems of rules, decision-making procedures, and programs that give rise to social practices; they assign roles to participants and guide interaction (IHDP) Capacity Development: Develop capacities to manage resources efficiently in order to achieve desired results in a sustainable manner Capacity Development for adaptation: Capacities that enable countries/communities to (1) undertake adaptation measures and (2) continue adapt on an ongoing basis

5 12/06/2014 Seite 5 Page 5 Organisational development Network development Human resources development System development in the policy field Organisational development How: Change management What: M&E, adaptive mgmt processes, steering and planning, knowledge management Organisational development How: Change management What: M&E, adaptive mgmt processes, steering and planning, knowledge management Capacity Development at different levels Source: GTZ Capacity WORKS, adapted

6 12/06/2014 Seite 6 Page 6 Organisational development Network development Human resources development System development in the policy field Capacity Development at different levels Source: GTZ Capacity WORKS, adapted Human resources development How: Coaching and training What: Technical skills, management skills, soft skills Human resources development How: Coaching and training What: Technical skills, management skills, soft skills

7 12/06/2014 Seite 7 Page 7 Organisational development Network development Human resources development System development in the policy field Capacity Development at different levels Network development How: Network management What: development and steering of cooperative systems to benefit from comparative advantages and economies of scale Network development How: Network management What: development and steering of cooperative systems to benefit from comparative advantages and economies of scale Source: GTZ Capacity WORKS, adapted

8 12/06/2014 Seite 8 Page 8 Organisational development Network development Human resources development System development in the policy field Capacity Development at different levels System development/policy field How: Policy advice What: Negotiation schemes, process design to ensure rule of law and participation System development/policy field How: Policy advice What: Negotiation schemes, process design to ensure rule of law and participation Source: GTZ Capacity WORKS, adapted

9 12/06/2014 Seite 9 Page 9 Adaptive capacity and capacity for adaptation: different frameworks (1) In the case of climate change, adaptive capacity and capacity for adaptation are closely related: continuum of soft and targeted approaches Assets-based frameworks: What resources do I have that can help me adapt?

10 12/06/2014 Seite 10 Page 10 Adaptive capacity and capacity for adaptation: different frameworks (2) Assets-based frameworks: What resources do I have that can help me adapt? Source: The adaptive capacity wheel – Gupta (2010)

11 12/06/2014 Seite 11 Page 11 Adaptive capacity and capacity for adaptation: different frameworks (3) Functions-based framework: What am I able to do that can help me adapt? System Function Changes NAC Assess Function of Adaptation System Implement Plans Planning for Adaptation Action and Capacity Building The National Adaptive Capacity Framework. Source WRI (2009)

12 12/06/2014 Seite 12 Page 12 Steps towards institutional capacities for adaptation in planning and management The National Adaptive Capacity Framework by WRI Adaptation involves specific processes within planning and management What must be done MORE or DIFFERENTLY to integrate adaptation within the following processes? Assessment Planning Coordination Information management and Implementation

13 12/06/2014 Seite 13 Page 13 Adaptation functions and capacities required (1) AssessmentResearch/examine information to guide decision-making. PlanningAssign special importance to particular issues, areas, sectors, or populations over various time horizons to allow for prioritized strategic interventions. CoordinationCoordinate the actions of various actors at multiple levels for participation and to avoid duplication or gaps, create economies of scale in responding to challenges. Source: Adapted from WRI (2009)

14 12/06/2014 Seite 14 Page 14 Adaptation functions and capacities required (2) Information management Collect, analyse, and provide knowledge in support of adaptation activities. Develop and disseminate information in a way to ensures that it is useful and accessible to stakeholders. Implementation: climate risk reduction Prioritise risks, evaluate options for addressing the risks, and finance and implement risk reduction measures. Source: Adapted from WRI (2009)

15 12/06/2014 Seite 15 Page 15 Adaptive management – Learning by doing Aims to reduce uncertainty and improve performance over time by system monitoring evaluating results adjusting actions on the basis of what has been learned Reactive AM – Proactive AM Examples: Fish catch limits Water use restrictions 1. Conceptualize Define initial team Define scope, vision, targets Identify critical threats Complete situation analysis 1. Conceptualize Define initial team Define scope, vision, targets Identify critical threats Complete situation analysis Conservation Measures Partnership Open Standards 3. Implement Actions and Monitoring Develop work plan and timeline Develop and refine budget Implement plans 3. Implement Actions and Monitoring Develop work plan and timeline Develop and refine budget Implement plans 2. Plan Actions and Monitoring Develop goals, strategies, assumptions and objectives Develop monitoring plan Develop operational plan 2. Plan Actions and Monitoring Develop goals, strategies, assumptions and objectives Develop monitoring plan Develop operational plan 4. Analyze, Use, Adapt Prepare data for analysis Analyze results Adapt strategic plan 4. Analyze, Use, Adapt Prepare data for analysis Analyze results Adapt strategic plan 5. Capture and Share Learning Document learning Share learning Create learning environment 5. Capture and Share Learning Document learning Share learning Create learning environment Source: https://miradi.org/openstandardshttps://miradi.org/openstandards

16 12/06/2014 Seite 16 Page 16 Exercise (1) Context Continue work in adaptation advisory group of State Water Authority (SWA) your working group SWA asks for support to guide a multi-year institutional capacity development in the five areas of the National Adaptation Capacity Framework: What needs to be done beyond the status quo to integrate adaptation to climate change into these functions? Exhibits Box on the National Adaptive Capacity Framework

17 12/06/2014 Seite 17 Page 17 Exercise (2) Your task In Matrix 12 Column B lists what the SWA is already doing to carry out key functions for managing water in the state In column C, brainstorm recommendations: Which additional or differently shaped short-/medium-term activities are needed to integrate adaptation into SWAs work? In column D consider which capacity development activities are needed to implement the new activities In column E, brainstorm what activities are needed to improve water management under climate change in the long-run

18 12/06/2014 Seite 18 Page 18 Exercise – example A State water programme functions/ capacities B Existing activities for water management C Which short-/ medium-term activities are needed to integrate adaptation in SWAs work? D What capacity development activities are needed to implement the new activities? E Which long-term activities could improve water management under climate change? Assessment Concerns: emerging climate risks, adaptation options State water resources inventory Projected water demand and supply scenarios Climate change scenarios Climate change impact assessments Identification of adaptation options Adaptation cost assessments Train adaptation focal points on scenarios Train management team on the 4-step approach Joint impact assessments with water and climate change experts Cross-check projected developments with existing country data

19 12/06/2014 Seite 19 Page 19 Exercise (3) Results (please specify) Logistics Case work* Presentation of results (please specify how)* Reflection* *Please use your own examples here.


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