Presentation on theme: "Preparing teaching materials & building capacity in biodiversity conservation, ecosystem services & climate change Kiragu Mwangi"— Presentation transcript:
Preparing teaching materials & building capacity in biodiversity conservation, ecosystem services & climate change Kiragu Mwangi CambridgeConservationInitiative Funded by : CambridgeConservationInitiative
Why bother with these links? Genesis of the project What is the project Subject matter - Outputs How does it work? Target group feedback Lessons learnt Outline
IMPACTS of a warming global climate
1.Over the next decades, it is predicted that billions of people, particularly those in developing countries, face shortages of water and food and greater risks to health and life as a result of climate change. Concerted global action is needed to enable developing countries to adapt to the effects of climate change that are happening now and will worsen in the future. 2.Even with a temperature rise of 1– 2.5°C the IPCC predict serious effects including reduced crop yields in tropical areas leading to increased risk of hunger, spread of climate sensitive diseases such as malaria, and an increased risk of extinction of 20 – 30 per cent of all plant and animal species. 3.By 2020, up to 250 million people in Africa could be exposed to greater risk of water stress. 4.Over the course of this century, millions of people living in the catchment areas of the Himalayas and Andes face increased risk of floods as glaciers retreat followed by drought and water scarcity as the once extensive glaciers on these mountain ranges disappear. 5.Developing countries are the most vulnerable to climate change impacts because they have fewer resources to adapt: socially, technologically and financially. Climate change is anticipated to have far reaching effects on the sustainable development of developing countries including their ability to attain the United Nations Millennium Development Goals by 2015 (UN 2007). Many developing countries governments have given adaptation action a high, even urgent, priority.
Basic Facts… "Developing countries need international assistance to support adaptation in the context of national planning for sustainable development, more capacity-building and transfer of technology and funds. Systematic planning and capacity-building are also needed to reduce the risk of disasters and raise the resilience of communities to increasing extreme events such as droughts, floods and tropical cyclones." (UNFCCC 2007: Impacts, Vulnerabilities and adaptation in developing countries).
Basic Facts… "With 1.3 billion young people (age 15-24) now living in developing countries - the largest ever youth group in history - there is a critical need to invest in youth at this time. A failure to train them more effectively to be active, responsible citizens, could lead to widespread disillusionment and social tensions" (World Development Report 2007: Development and the Next Generation, The World Bank).
Case study : Caterpillar fungus – Tibet China 90% of Tibet is internationally important grassland, 10% forest and wetlands 90% of population are pastoralists herders Significant cash income is from collecting Caterpillar fungus – winter worm Hotter summers and milder winter causing 21% of medicinal plants including C/fungus Basam, workshop attendee from Tibet, China.
How did it all begin?
1.The conservation organisations involved in the project are all directly or indirectly involved in capacity building. 2.Common recognition of a steady debate and information accumulation at the international scene on climate change, ecosystem services and how they are linked or impact on biodiversity conservation. 3.Debate on subjects steadily building up at the international level there was far less support at the local, sub-national or national level. These aided a common desire to design capacity building materials for the target groups working in the biodiversity conservation front-line to use at site level. 4.This will empower them to engage with local stakeholders at various levels informed by well synthesized materials easy to comprehend and toned-down from the jargon often found on literature used at international scene. 5.The project team would bring their international expertise to facilitate a collaboration amongst organisations working on the same issues but who have not come together previously to identify priority topics best suited for conservation practitioners.
The CLP angle To empower conservationists to lead and affect change for a sustainable world and better future for all life on Earth.
What do CLP grantees know on impacts of Climate change to species and habitats of interest? Data from CLP application forms - Only 3% of respondents (n=97) of 2010 & 2011 shortlisted projects could explain their choices confidently with references.
TBA angle Has over 15 years providing high standard of ecology and conservation training to African and European biologists alike, thereby strengthening the international scientific and conservation community.
MPhil Cons Leadership angle …focus on issues of management and leadership. …to develop conservationists with enhanced research skills and greater awareness of the complex drivers of biodiversity loss… develop the ability to act and lead effectively.
UNEP-WCMC & CPSL angle …supporting business leaders to build sustainability in operations.
individuals can be powerful agents of change, serving as catalysts for organizational and societal change as well.individuals can be powerful agents of change, serving as catalysts for organizational and societal change as well. UNDP Capacity Development Group 2009
What is the project about?
Project purpose …bridge the knowledge gap by developing and delivering targeted messages to early- and mid-career conservation practitioners and business leaders who have the potential to facilitate change at a local level, where the greatest impacts of climate change are felt. This is a project entirely focused on capacity building for complex subjects related to biodiversity
Objectives 1.Produce a generic resource pack of training materials for various target groups, … partitioning materials to the learning outcomes required for each target audience. 2.Target different groups within CCIs ambit to increase awareness and knowledge … delivering training courses on the topics… 3.Facilitate ongoing learning, knowledge sharing and networking among each of the applicant organisations. Project life: 1 st Aug 2010 to 31 st Aug 2012
Outcomes to date 1.Over 20 authors from 9 institutions involved in production of materials up from 12 originally identified adding to expertise needed. 2. Prioritized 10 technical subjects on links of biodiversity conservation to ecosystem services and climate change in a synopsis framework.
Outcomes to date … continued Priority subjects of identified by project: 1.Introduction – transforming the chapters into teaching materials 2.Biodiversity 3.Ecosystem Services 4.Climate Change 5.Valuing Nature and Evaluating Environmental Risk 6.Biodiversity and Climate Change Interactions 7.Impacts of Climate Change on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services 8.Reducing Impacts of Climate Change on Biodiversity and Adaptive Management 9.Ecosystem-based approaches for adaptation and impacts of adaptation activities on biodiversity 10.Forest based approaches to climate change mitigation: REDD- plus 11.Policy Responses for the Future
Outcomes to date… continued 3. Production of concise information on factsheets on the subjects identified on a standard format as follows: Conceptual message Case studies Key questions Key tools Key References
Outcomes to date … continued
Outcomes to date … continued
TBA workshop: Understanding Ecosystem Services Workshop held at Amani Nature Reserve, Tanzania 18 th to 22 nd June 2011 trained 17 African conservation scientists from 14 institutions in Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania, Mauritius, Uganda and Brazil. Outcomes to date … continued
This is a very good platform for conservationists and scientists in general to learn of new techniques and upcoming issues in research. Personally it was a big boost Ghanaian participant
Outcomes to date … continued Southwest Forestry University, Kunming City 2 nd to 6th May Trained 16 Chinese conservation scientists from across the country including Tibet.
Teaching methods: Class & field visit The workshop programme taught both theoretical knowledge about ecosystem-services… and climate change adaptation, it has strengthened my understanding of these issues through learning international and national case studies, Climate Change Adaptation project tools and adaptation case studies. Basam, workshop attendee from Tibet, China.
Outcomes to date … continued 4.Greater understanding of how the participants work at a local scale is connected to national studies on climate change and ecosystem services. 5.Trainees to the two national workshops in Africa and Asia developed new skills on using freely available tools to test for climate change vulnerability, valuing ecosystem services, designing climate change adaptation plans for conservation projects and evaluating national adaptation plans for biodiversity relevance. 6.Collaboration amongst Chinese conservation scientists to explain the factors influencing range expansion east- wards into China since 2006 for the Asian Open-billed Stork (Anastomus oscitans) which could be related a change in the climate.
Outcomes to date … continued 7.Some participants to the trainings have passed on the learning from the workshops to peers. 8.Some training participants are in the process of designing human and biodiversity adaptation plans for conservation projects and initiatives. 9.Workshop participants were exposed to national climate related data that can be of help design biodiversity related research linked to ecosystem services and or climate change.
Case study : Caterpillar fungus – Tibet China Improved awareness is helping to identify potential responses to CC impacts working with pastoralists Developing local recourse/development plans Increasing collaborations/networks amongst herders collecting Caterpillar fungus – winter worm Basam, workshop attendee from Tibet, China.
Lessons Adequate lead time +/- 6 months to consult and prepare the project proposal will thrash-out details of the project and its products – this will ease the preliminary stages of setting-up.
Lessons… Preliminary plans Define roles (ToRs) for different contributors of the various products and other project management stages defined and agreed by all, Agree on a couple strategies early on e.g. communications and products quality management, Establish early on a quality assurance group for the project and its products.
Lessons Be realistic – Plan time carefully as collaborative projects suffer competing with other project/programme/instituti onal workplan priorities.
Lessons Snow-ball effect – as a multi-organizational project tackling wide- ranging subjects saw a growing list of authors which had benefits as well as challenges of coordination and timely delivery.
Lessons… Less might work best – balancing a project budget across many can pose challenges. Big collaborative projects with many partners means not much money per partner to achieve everything. This puts huge pressure on NGO's to find the time to manage and complete the projects. Maybe it gives the wrong impression about how much can really be achieved for a given budget. It would have been good to have had more "scoping" or preparation time and funding.
Lessons… Keep talking – Engaging with others working in similar areas may reveal new insights to enrich your work.
1.Melanie Heath - BL 2.Robert Munroe - BL 3.Jenny Birch - BL 4.Robin Johnson - BL 5.Nicky Jenner - FFI 6.Robyn Dalzen – CI/CLP 7.Stavro s Papageorgiou - CI 8.Mario Chacon - CI 9.Rosimeiry Portela - CI 10.Miroslav Honzák - CI 11.Natasha Calderwood - CI 12.Jane Carter Ingram - WCS 13.James Watson - WCS 14.Marisa Arpels - WCS 15.Rosie Trevelyan - TBA 16.Claire Brown - UNEP-WCMC 17.Nathalie Doswald - UNEP- WCMC 18.Margaret Adey - CPSL 19.Martin Roberts - CPSL 20.Nigel Leader-Williams - Uni of Cambs Geog Dept 21.Peter Damerell - Beijing Forestry University 22.Paulo A.L.D. - Nunes CIESM 23.Natasha Calderwood – CI 24.Kiragu Mwangi – BL/CLP CambridgeConservationInitiative Funded by : CambridgeConservationInitiative Project participants