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**Customary Units of Measurement for Capacity**

By Mrs. Powell

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Units of Measure Gallons Quarts Pints Cups ounces

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**There are 4 quarts in every gallon.**

How many quarts would there be in 3 gallons? How many gallons are there in 48 quarts?

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**How did you do that? Why did you use that operation?**

How many quarts would there be in 3 gallons? Yes, you’re correct. There are 12 quarts in 3 gallons? What operation did you use to answer that question? Why did you use that operation?

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**How did you do that? How many gallons are there in 48 quarts?**

Yes, you’re correct again. There are 12 gallons in 48 quarts. What operation did you use to solve that problem? Why did you use that operation?

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**There are 2 pints in every quart.**

How many pints are in 4 quarts? How many quarts are in 10 pints?

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**How did you do that? Yes, you’re correct again!**

How many pints are in 4 quarts? Yes, you’re correct again! There are 8 pints in 4 quarts. ( How many pints in a gallon?) What operation did you use to do that? Why did you use that operation?

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**How did you do that? WOW! There you go again!**

How many quarts are in 10 pints? WOW! There you go again! There are 5 quarts in 10 pints. What operation did you use to figure that out? Why did you use that operation?

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**There are 2 cups in every pint.**

How many cups would there be in 12 pints? How many pints would there be in 6 cups?

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**How did you do that? You’re batting a 1000!**

How many cups are in 12 pints? You’re batting a 1000! There are 24 cups in 12 pints. What operation did you use? Why did you use that operation?

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**How did you do that? You’re going strong! There are 3 pints in 6 cups.**

How many pints are in 6 cups? You’re going strong! There are 3 pints in 6 cups. What operation did you use? Why did you use that operation?

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**There are 8 ounces in every cup.**

How many ounces are in 5 cups? How many cups are in 32 ounces?

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**How did you do that? You are awesome! There are 40 ounces in 5 cups.**

How many ounces (oz) are in 5 cups? You are awesome! There are 40 ounces in 5 cups. What operation did you use? Why did you use that operation?

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**How did you do that? You’re blowin’ me away!**

How many cups are in 32 oz.? You’re blowin’ me away! There are 4 cups in 32 ounces. What operation did you use? Why did you use that operation?

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Have you figured out . . . THE TRICK?

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**To change from a larger unit to a smaller unit you should . . .**

Because you need more of the smaller unit

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**To change from a smaller unit to a larger unit**

you should . . . Because you don’t need as many of the big units

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Larger Unit Smaller Unit

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**Practice Makes Perfect**

Delia is throwing a party. She had 3 gallons of punch. If each guests gets 2 cups, how many guests will be at her party?

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**48 3 gallons ____ cups. THINKIN OUT LOUD! 1 gallon = 4 quarts so**

3 gallons x 4 quarts in a gallon = 12 quarts. 1 quart = 2 pints and 2 pints x 2 cups in a pint= 4 cups so 1quart = 4 cups. You still with me? Remember 3 gallons = 12 quarts so 12 quarts x 4 cups in each quart = 48 cups There are 48 cups in 3 gallons!

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