Presentation on theme: "Are they worth their weight?? Peg Hau OT/CHT Advanced Physical Therapy & Sports Medicine."— Presentation transcript:
Are they worth their weight?? Peg Hau OT/CHT Advanced Physical Therapy & Sports Medicine
In developing diagnostic tests, we must remember that it is better to miss an insincere individual than to classify a sincere patient as insincere. Tests must be chosen carefully, and if multiple tests are used, they must be administered in a logical order. Ahmer, 2007
History of the FCE A functional capacity evaluation is set of tests, practices and observations that are combined to determine the ability of the evaluated to function in a variety of circumstances, most often employment, in an objective manner 1970s beginning 2001critized as not being job specific Reneman et al, 2001
What is an FCE Evaluates and individuals ability to perform work axs related to his/her employment Similar types of testing Consists of standardized assessments Administered with care and safety in mind (Kuijer et al., 2011; Soer, et al., 2008).
Why are they ordered Baseline Pre employment Job Specific Medical/legal Assisting with case closure
Who can benefit from an FCE Individual injured on the job Applying for Social Security Disability Seeking to return to work after extended leave Someone seeking vocational rehabilitation Transition from school to work setting
FCEs are done on a one-on-one basis and may range in length from 4 to 6 hours. The FCE may take place over 2 consecutive days.
Components of an FCE History review – medical, vocational, social Screening tests – musculoskeletal Physical functional testing – based on DOT Job simulation – when identified job is known Behavior assessment Results, data compilation, and recommendations
Types of FCEs Matheson Ergo Science ARCON FCE Isernhagen Work System Blankenship Ergos Work Simuolator and Ergo Kit Variation Hanoun Medical WEST-EPIC Key AssessAbility
Ergo Science Developed in 1988 by Deborah Lechner PT,MS Administrators must complete 24 hours of instruction Used in 850 clinics
ARCON Science 30 years of development and refinement. 1,000 clinics nation wide
ARCON continued The Arcon system includes: * Computerized hand and pinch gauges. * Electronic goniometer. * Dual range of motion inclinometers. * Dynamic and isometric lifting system. * Carpal tunnel testing attachment. * Computerized heart rate monitor. Testing protocols includes: * Dynamic lifting. * Isometric testing extremities & back. * Range of motion testing. * Dexterity testing. * Endurance testing. * Activities of daily living.
Iserhagen Work System Susan J. Isernhagen PT created the first functional capacity evaluation in the mid 1980s. Redeveloped in 2004 Objectivity of results to replace the subjective estimates that were currently being used Medical base to tie the functional capacity and limitations into current diagnoses Information on level of effort, to identify those who used full effort and those who did not use full effort. Safety in functional tests so that this information could lead to safe return to work Work relatedness to determine abilities to perform specific jobs,
Iserhagen continued The Relevance for Nondiscrimination Compliance by Susan Iserhagen
Blankenship A unique FCE called the WORKEVALTM and it helps Physicians, Case Managers and Employers determine what work limitations are appropriate for the injured worker. We also provide Physicians with the objective data they need to determine the injured worker's Permanent and Partial Disability, or PPD. The name for this evaluation, which was developed and published by the American Medical Association, is a Permanent Impairment Evaluation. This evaluation process determines the percent of Permanent, Partial Impairment and that percentage is used to help Patients, Employers, Insurers and Attorneys negotiate the settlement of the Workers' Compensation Case.
Less than Full Effort Performance Reasons for …….. 1. Medically determined impairments 2. Malingering 3. Factitious disorder 4. Learned illness behavior 5. Conversion disorder, pain disorder Matheson, 2003
Continued: 6. Depressive disorder 7. Test anxiety 8. Fear of symptom exacerbation or injury 9. Fatigue 10. Medication & psychoactive substance effects 11. Lowered self-efficacy expectations 12. Need to gain recognition for symptoms
Methods to identify inconsistancy Intra test inconsistency Absence of expected relationships among measures. Completion of tests and willingness to do more Coefficient of variation Rapid exchange grip Correlation of heart rate with reported max effort Correlation of impairment (range of motion, manual muscle tests, etc. ) to function
Million Visual Analogue Scale The Million visual analogue scale The Million visual analogue scale (MVAS) (Table 15) is a 15-item questionnaire about disability and pain intensity in patients with LBP. 38 The 15 questions investigate the body functions (pain, sleep, stiffness and twisting), daily activities (walking, sitting, standing and work) and social life. Information about item selection process is not available. Score is given on a 100 mm visual analogue scale(VAS). For example, if patients are asked to quantify the severity of his pain (like the first question), they mark a point on a 100-mm line in which the end points are labelled as no pain and intolerable. In each question, it is possible to obtain an index of severity of symptoms in a patient- specific fashion measuring the distance of the marked point from the origin of the line. The final score is calculated by adding up the equally weighted scores.15 38
Physical Demand Characteristics of Work
References Chapman-Day, K. M., Matheson, L. N., Schimanski, D., Leicht, J., & DeVries, L. (2011). Preparing difficult clients to return to work. Work (Reading, Mass.), 40(4), doi: /WOR ; /WOR Gouttebarge, V., Kuijer, P. P., Wind, H., van Duivenbooden, C., Sluiter, J. K., & Frings-Dresen, M. H. (2009). Criterion-related validity of functional capacity evaluation lifting tests on future work disability risk and return to work in the construction industry. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 66(10), doi: /oem ; /oem Gouttebarge, V., Wind, H., Kuijer, P. P., Sluiter, J. K., & Frings-Dresen, M. H. (2010). How to assess physical work-ability with functional capacity evaluation methods in a more specific and efficient way? Work (Reading, Mass.), 37(1), doi: /WOR ; /WOR Streibelt, M., Blume, C., Thren, K., Reneman, M. F., & Mueller-Fahrnow, W. (2009). Value of functional capacity evaluation information in a clinical setting for predicting return to work. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 90(3), doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy2.library.drexel.edu/ /j.apmr http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy2.library.drexel.edu/ /j.apmr Westbrook, A. P., Tredgett, M. W., Davis, T. R., & Oni, J. A. (2002). The rapid exchange grip strength test and the detection of submaximal grip effort. The Journal of Hand Surgery, 27(2), Wind, H., Gouttebarge, V., Kuijer, P. P., Sluiter, J. K., & Frings-Dresen, M. H. (2009). Effect of functional capacity evaluation information on the judgment of physicians about physical work ability in the context of disability claims. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 82(9), doi: /s ; /s