2 What is Capacity?Various types and levels of resources within the community and within an organization such as a coalitionThe community’s level of readiness to engage in and support prevention effortsCapacity= Resource + Readiness
3 Capacity: Why is it Important? To “build capacity” means to increase the resources, people, partnerships, coalitions, and skills that are essential to the successful implementation of prevention plans.
4 Assessing Capacity Identifying and recruiting coalition members Coalition InfrastructureSustainabilityCommunity ReadinessCoalition ReadinessCapacity workplan; Capacity building activities: improving awareness, building new relationships and strengthening existing relationships, improving organizational resources, developing and preparing prevention workforce, ensuring sustainability
5 Examples of Capacity Building Ensure the coalition reflects the cultural and ethnic make-up of the communityEnhance how the coalition works (i.e. structure, decision making, and planning)Build the community’s resources that support programs, practices and strategies to address alcohol
6 Capacity Building Activities To improve the ability of the community to deliver substance abuse prevention services by:Improving awareness about underage drinking, binge drinking, and alcohol related crashesBuilding new relationships and strengthening existing relationshipsImproving organizational resourcesDeveloping and preparing prevention workforceEnsuring sustainability of the project
7 Capacity Building Involves: Creating sustainable partnershipsDeveloping readiness and leadershipDeveloping cultural competence and building on existing prevention infrastructureStrengthening capacity through education and training on the five steps of the SPF process
8 Membership Tools: Coalition Roster Community Mapping Recruitment Plan Worksheets 1-3 , Member Recruitment worksheet
9 Membership Have you done community mapping? When? Do you have membership packets?Do you utilize Coalition Interest Surveys?
10 Questions for Communities Who are the key stakeholders in your community?Are these individuals actively involved in planning and implementing successful prevention efforts?Who is the connector in your community?
11 Activity What sector are you missing? Who do you know to fill this sector (organization or individual)?What skills/resources can they bring to the coalition?How are you going to sell the mission/vision of the coalition to them? WIFM?How will you reach out to the potential new members?
12 What gets/keeps people involved? RoleResultsRespectRecognitionRelationshipReward
13 Sustaining Coalition Membership Building “ownership” of the vision/missionEngaging in meaningful roles, responsibilities, and activitiesProviding trainingFulfilling their WIFMProviding appropriate recognitionKeep people informedCultivate program champions
15 Coalition Infrastructure Organizational ChartCoalition By-Laws and Guiding PrinciplesJob Descriptions-Clearly defined roles and responsibilitiesGuidance documents for the coalition ( Meeting agenda, meeting minutes, MOUs,)Committees: Types of Committees and Roles/ResponsibilitiesLevels of Commitment: Individual & OrganizationAdditional resource:Worksheet 6-18
16 Community ReadinessReadiness is the degree to which a community is prepared to take action on an issue.
17 Why is Community Readiness Important? If the coalition’s strategic plan selects strategies that are too ambitious for the general population (i.e., arresting adults who purchase alcohol for minors) the coalition is likely to fail because the general population is unwilling to support the efforts.
18 Community Readiness…. Is very issue-specific Is measurable Is multi dimensionalMay vary across dimensionsMay vary across different segments of a communityCan be increased successfullyIs essential knowledge for the development of strategies and interventions
19 The Community Readiness Model Is a model for community change that integrates a community’s culture, resources, and level of readiness to more effectively address an issue.Increases community capacity for prevention and interventionEncourages and enhances community investment in an issue
20 Purpose of the ModelThe purpose of Community Readiness is to provide communities with the stages of readiness for development of appropriate strategies that are more successful and cost effective.
21 What the Model CAN Do? Facilitates community-based change Uses a nine stage, multidimensional modelBuilds cooperation among systems and individualsHelps identify resourcesHelps identify obstaclesProvides an assessment of how ready the community is with respect to accepting an intervention as something that needs doingIdentifies types of efforts or strategies that are appropriate to raise community readiness
22 Dimensions of Readiness Community Efforts (Programs, activities, policies, etc.)Community Knowledge of the EffortsLeadership (formal and informal)Community ClimateCommunity Knowledge of the IssueResources Related to the Issue (People, time, money, space, etc.)
23 Who is Interviewed? Individuals may represent: Schools/Universities City/county governmentLaw EnforcementHealth and medical professionsSocial servicesMental health and treatment servicesClergy or spiritual communityCommunity at largeYouth36 questions, each interview should take minutes. Identify 4-6 individuals in your community who are connected to the issue. Try to find people who represent different segments of your community
24 Stages of Readiness No Awareness Denial Vague Awareness Preplanning PreparationInitiationInstitutionalization/stabilizationConfirmation/expansionProfessionalization
25 Appropriate Strategies for Readiness Level Strategies worksheets
26 Capacity Action Plans Capacity Plan for Coalition Membership Capacity Plan for Data Collection/AnalysisCapacity Plan for Community ReadinessCan implement capacity action plans immediately!! Do not have to wait for the strategic plan. Capacity Work plan example (in binder) Decide what do we build to create community capacity and readiness? An action plan will highlight your strengths and gaps in the areas of community readiness, community resources, organizational resources, community partnerships, and cultural competency
27 Capacity Plans Step 1: What are your desired outcomes What exactly would you like to see different or further developed in your community system?Step 2: Create your capacity action plansProblem, Goal, Objectives, and StrategiesDefineActivityWho will take the lead?When will this be accomplished?Step 3: Implement the plan!Example of completed capacity work plan from SD coalition
28 Capacity Building Success Engagement of stakeholdersCommunity MobilizationPartnerships
29 Capacity SuccessDrug Free Marion County is reaching out to neighborhood groups with the development of an alcohol permits remonstration guidebook to help increase community knowledge of the permit process including hearing dates and changes.Monroe County Asset Building Coalition has successfully stopped the issuance of a new liquor license by mobilizing neighborhood families.Monroe County Asset Building Coalition has partnered with State Excise Police on Alcohol Laws reminder posters to be distributed to all alcohol licensees.
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