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Dokumentation Ergebnisse 29./30 August 2006 / Folie 1 Folie 1 East Coast Regional Consultation on Climate Change Adaptation Rajamundry, AP, August 26-27,

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Presentation on theme: "Dokumentation Ergebnisse 29./30 August 2006 / Folie 1 Folie 1 East Coast Regional Consultation on Climate Change Adaptation Rajamundry, AP, August 26-27,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Dokumentation Ergebnisse 29./30 August 2006 / Folie 1 Folie 1 East Coast Regional Consultation on Climate Change Adaptation Rajamundry, AP, August 26-27, 2013 Session II: Experience Exchange on Community Based Approaches `

2 Dokumentation Ergebnisse 29./30 August 2006 / Folie 2 Folie 2 Background of the initiative Integration of Climate Change Concerns in Ongoing Programs ImpactInitiativePartners Climate Proofing Initiatives Watershed:MARI/NABARD Tank managementMARI/IC-SDC Preparedness/respons es to risks and uncertainty in WASH sector Infrastructure resilience FANSA Management and governance GTF: UKAID/ WaterAid `Right to water and sanitation Members of FANSA

3 Dokumentation Ergebnisse 29./30 August 2006 / Folie 3 Folie 3 Objective/FocusKey activities Objective: Watershed as a strategy for the ecosystem management and climate change management Autonomous adaptations Watershed projects can facilitate autonomous adaptations by communities by putting systematic mechanisms in place (e.g., communication, credit, finance, social network, alternative services, livelihoods, etc.) Making available information and technology Enhance capacity to adapt by making available information on range of options; and affordable and appropriate technology Measures to improve soil moisture content and conserve water. Minimise the adverse impact of climate variability on crops by improving the micro climate (i.e., by conserving moisture and developing green cover). Improving access to meteorological information. Access to historical data as well as day-to-day, reliable weather forecast specifically targeted to farming practices. Overview on the initiative

4 Dokumentation Ergebnisse 29./30 August 2006 / Folie 4 Folie 4 Economic support toolsCrop, cattle and health insurance Convergence with MGNREGS for drought proofing Objective: Restoration of tanks and dependent livelihoods in resolving crisis of water and employment Improving water storage capacity of tanks Created more than 1 million cu.m. of additional storage capacity. Recharged 2500 tube wells; and revived 980 dried up wells Generated 0.51 million days of employment, which arrested migration of 4500 families Assured drinking water for human and animal population Soil fertility improved in ha with tank silt application Strengthened 108 tank management institutions

5 Dokumentation Ergebnisse 29./30 August 2006 / Folie 5 Folie 5 Impact of Land Treatment Impact of Land Treatment- Stylo Grass on Form Bund Impact of Land Treatment- Form pond Impact of Land Treatment- Sunken pond Impact of Land Treatment- CCT

6 Dokumentation Ergebnisse 29./30 August 2006 / Folie 6 Folie 6 Conservation furrow - retains about 37% additional soil moisture compared to farmers practice -better plant growth and higher yields by about 17% Groundnut Castor + Pigeonpea In-situ conservation practices

7 Dokumentation Ergebnisse 29./30 August 2006 / Folie 7 Folie 7 Model Compost preparation Low dung to biomass ratio for more nutrition

8 Dokumentation Ergebnisse 29./30 August 2006 / Folie 8 Folie 8 Water pumping out of the bore well Farm pond with full of water WAT RECHARGE WELL

9 Dokumentation Ergebnisse 29./30 August 2006 / Folie 9 Folie 9 Impact of Check dam

10 Dokumentation Ergebnisse 29./30 August 2006 / Folie 10 Folie 10 MAGH SERIES BIOCHAR PRODUCING STOVES

11 Dokumentation Ergebnisse 29./30 August 2006 / Folie 11 Folie 11 Vegetative cover

12 Dokumentation Ergebnisse 29./30 August 2006 / Folie 12 Folie 12 Restoration of tanks requires massive earthwork which creates great potential for wage employment

13 Dokumentation Ergebnisse 29./30 August 2006 / Folie 13 Folie 13 Objective: Preparedness for responding to risks and uncertainty in WASH sector Equity and inclusionFocus on tribal and hard to reach areas CSO networks engagement for fair water rights enable flexible responses to risks and uncertainty Mitigation on the impacts on sanitation, especially due to changes in groundwater caused by an increasing incidence of drought and flood. Infrastructure resilienceImprove design, construction and management Replacing damaged WASH systems Design emergency WASH systems Management and governanceDisaster risk reduction strategies (e.g., water and sanitation services will be most affected during drought and floods, and women and children especially face hardship during such events). Additional finance Improve weather forecasting Information flows for adaptation to climate change impacts Priority to areas more prone to climate change Focus on waste management, water contamination (concentration of pollutants), increase in water demand (overcoming water shortage), infrastructure, and sources of methane emission Access to servicesTechnology [for prevention and cure] Universal access to health technology as well as services must be ensured Reduce water-borne diseases, as 50% of diseases are water-borne

14 Dokumentation Ergebnisse 29./30 August 2006 / Folie 14 Folie 14 Adaptation is an action that people/households /individuals taken in response to stress, including that due to climate change. Autonomous adaptations by communities by putting systematic mechanisms in place (e.g., communication, credit, finance, social network, alternative services livelihoods, etc.) Improve the capacity to by making available information Providing Affordable and appropriate technology Improving access to meteorological information (e.g., reliable weather forecast specifically targeted to farming practices.) Capacity building of communities with respect to the crop, cattle and health insurance The information and awareness Institution building and creation of support systems Document communities coping mechanisms and adaptations and disseminate them on a large scale. Approach and methodology for community-based adaptation

15 Dokumentation Ergebnisse 29./30 August 2006 / Folie 15 Folie 15 Key impacts SocialEnvironmentalEconomicGovernnace Benefits Enhanced resilience of p oor and marginalised Enhanced capacity of community for NRM mgt. Creation of knowledge Increased NRM base Productive use of resources Increase in ground water Livelihood asssets created Higher income Better food security Strong local institutions Improved planning and management Ability to leverage external resources Negative effects Limited influence on ultra poor More bore wells sunk (need for better collective water mangement) Limited sucess in diversification of livelihoods Lack of localsied information affected crop choices and mangement

16 Dokumentation Ergebnisse 29./30 August 2006 / Folie 16 Folie 16 M&E system Baseline data on different variables and parameters to compare impacts with the pre-project situation Collected seasonal data for monitoring crop productivity, ground water table, etc. Community based planning and monitoring for each season Outcome monitoring: Documentation of case studies, Thematic studies Annual reviews Monitoring and evaluation of progress and impacts

17 Dokumentation Ergebnisse 29./30 August 2006 / Folie 17 Folie 17 Interventions have enhanced resilience of local communities through building up livelihood assets Increased natural resource base (water, irrigated crop & pasture land) leading to higher income and better food security Building response capacity: Investment in human capital resulted in enhanced capacity of community for NRM mgt. Need to explicitly identify and build in measures focusing on ability to manage climate risks (and where applicable: confronting impacts of CC) Lessons learnt on making community-based adaptation work

18 Dokumentation Ergebnisse 29./30 August 2006 / Folie 18 Folie 18 Localised information on the manifestations of climate change is needed: –Timely access to weather information –Option sets –Access to knowledge and information Creation/strengthening of local institutions to improve planning and management skills leads to continuity, ability to leverage external resources and creation of knowledge Strong local institutions that continue beyond project periods are seen as a main driver for managing climate risks

19 Dokumentation Ergebnisse 29./30 August 2006 / Folie 19 Folie 19 Thank You!


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