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UNIDO/TCB/LG/140910/ISO Oslo No.1 Ministerial Conference Aid for Trade Roadmap for SPECA 1-2 December 2010- Baku, Azerbaijan Emerging Standards Issues.

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Presentation on theme: "UNIDO/TCB/LG/140910/ISO Oslo No.1 Ministerial Conference Aid for Trade Roadmap for SPECA 1-2 December 2010- Baku, Azerbaijan Emerging Standards Issues."— Presentation transcript:

1 UNIDO/TCB/LG/140910/ISO Oslo No.1 Ministerial Conference Aid for Trade Roadmap for SPECA 1-2 December 2010- Baku, Azerbaijan Emerging Standards Issues for Trade Capacity Building: UNIDO Actions in Management Systems and Private Standards Ministerial Conference Aid for Trade Roadmap for SPECA 1-2 December 2010- Baku, Azerbaijan Emerging Standards Issues for Trade Capacity Building: UNIDO Actions in Management Systems and Private Standards Dr. Lalith Goonatilake Director Trade Capacity Building Branch United Nations Industrial Development Organization 1

2 UNIDO/TCB/LG/140910/ISO Oslo No.2 Presentation Overview Role of Standards in Global value Chains Quality Infrastructure for Conformance Changing Drivers of Standards Guide to Private standards Trade Standards Compliance Report Global Food safety Initiative Certification -Impact of ISO 9001 Survey Conclusions

3 UNIDO/TCB/LG/140910/ISO Oslo No.3 Auditing the Value Chain – Compliance to Standards Product/Process standards (ISO/IEC) Quality Standards (ISO 9001) Environment Standards (ISO 14001) Food Safety Standards (ISO 22000) Labour Social Standards (SA 8000) Safety Standards (OSHAS) Testing (ISO/IEC 17025) Calibration Traceability (Farm-to-Fork) Private Standards (GlobalGAP) Global Value Chains: Defining Market Access

4 UNIDO/TCB/LG/140910/ISO Oslo No.4 Source: UNIDO TCB QUALITY & CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT INFRASTRUCTURE

5 UNIDO/TCB/LG/140910/ISO Oslo No.5 Fair Trade for All: Priority Areas to meet Product Standards Requirements No.5

6 UNIDO/TCB/LG/140910/ISO Oslo No.6 TBT/SPS capacity-building demands linkages to International Standards & Conformity Organizations MOU signed at the Joint ILAC/IAF General Assembly in Cape Town on 10 October 2004 MoU signed in Vienna, Austria on 03 December 2008 Andrew J. Wallard, Director BIPM, Kandeh K. Yumkella, DG, UNIDO Alan Johnston, President, CIML No.6 Kandeh K. Yumkella, Director-General, UNIDO Rob Steele, Secretary-General of ISO ISO & UNIDO reinforce partnership for sustainable development MoU signed on 23 June 2009 in Vienna

7 UNIDO/TCB/LG/140910/ISO Oslo No.7 Changing Drivers of Standards No.7 ISO 14000 SA 8000

8 UNIDO/TCB/LG/140910/ISO Oslo No.8 Emerging Multitude of Ethical/sustainability claims* * Presentation of Mr. Alan Bryden at UNIDO General Conference, December 2009 No.8

9 UNIDO/TCB/LG/140910/ISO Oslo No.9 UNIDO GENERAL CONFERENCE 2009 Round Table: Sustainability Standards: Hurdles or Opportunities? Moderator: Mr. Paul Hohen - International expert on sustainable development & international standards (Australian Diplomat) Keynote speaker: Mr. Alan Bryden - Former Secretary General - ISOPanelists: –Mr. Markus Arbenz (CEO, IFOAM) –Ms. Yasemin Basar (Social Compliance Director, Yesim Textiles, Turkey) –Mr. Echard Cordes (CEO, Metro Group) –Dr. Lalith Goonatilake (Director, UNIDO, Trade Capacity Building Branch) 9 December 2009, Vienna No.9

10 UNIDO/TCB/LG/140910/ISO Oslo No.10 Sustainability/ Private Standards Increasing role of private standards –Moving away from international standards !! Can they be de-facto trade barriers? Are they WTO Compliant? –How to deal with dispute settlement? (Role of TBT/SPS agreements) How objective/ How fair? – FAIR TRADE –Benefit vs. removing EU/ US Agriculture subsidies (CAP each cow $2 a day) –Carbon foot print –Is it only food miles? EU-Green houses; Africa less mechanized farming, less inputs; Loss of export jobs- more-deforestation –If California has a public transport system lesser carbon footprint?

11 UNIDO/TCB/LG/140910/ISO Oslo No.11 Key Industry Development Challenge: Addressing the climate change, energy, water, nutrition and social responsibility issues GHG emissions and fossil fuels Renewable energies and energy efficiency Biofuels vs. Food Water and environmentally efficient agriculture Water supply and distribution Social responsability and ethics The quest for sustainable development

12 UNIDO/TCB/LG/140910/ISO Oslo No.12 EMERGING ROLE OF PRIVATE STANDARDS Contents The landscape of Private Standards in the apparel, footwear and furniture sectors Buyer Codes of conducts Strategies for developing country suppliers Trends

13 UNIDO/TCB/LG/140910/ISO Oslo No.13 ISO Management SystemsISO Management Systems –ISO 9001 Quality Management system –ISO 14001 Environment Management system –ISO 22000 Food Safety Management system Significant benefits - quality assuranceSignificant benefits - quality assurance Increasingly demanded in global tradeIncreasingly demanded in global trade Application in developing countries?Application in developing countries? Developing Country System certification issues: Number of ISO 9000 certificates issued in Asian region

14 UNIDO/TCB/LG/140910/ISO Oslo No.14 Joint UNIDO-ISO-IAF project: Objective: To assess the ISO 9000 certification process in the SAARC and South East Asian countries through an impact assessment study and to build synergy in the certification process and to facilitate improvements in the accreditation scheme of the certification bodies. Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka + Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam Project Outcomes: Improved empirical evidence on economic impact of management system certification in industries in SAARC & South East Asian countries Best practices and policy guidelines for improvement of functioning of management system certification bodies and accreditation boards. Implementation of ISO 9001 Quality Management System in Asian developing countries: Survey covering system development, certification, accreditation and impact Budget: 450,000 Donor: Norway (Norad) ISO and IAF: in-kind contribution

15 UNIDO/TCB/LG/140910/ISO Oslo No.15 Global Food Safety Initiative GFSI Mission & Objectives GFSI launched at the CIES Annual Congress in 2000, following a directive from the food business CEOs. Continuous improvement...Confidence in the delivery of safe food to consumers Convergence between food safety standards Improve cost efficiency throughout the food supply chain Provide a unique international stakeholder platform Once Certified, accepted everywhere Convergence of Standards means CONFIDENCE

16 UNIDO/TCB/LG/140910/ISO Oslo No.16 GFSI Benchmarked Food Safety Standards? Once certified, accepted everywhere

17 UNIDO/TCB/LG/140910/ISO Oslo No.17 GFSI Breakthrough – June 2007 The following companies came to a common acceptance of GFSI benchmarked standards The following companies came to a common acceptance of GFSI benchmarked standards

18 UNIDO/TCB/LG/140910/ISO Oslo No.18 Trade Standards Compliance Report 2010 Project Objective: Design and establish an innovative annual publication on compliance challenges and advocating related technical assistance Publication date: December 2010

19 UNIDO/TCB/LG/140910/ISO Oslo No.19 Overview of contents ChapterContent Rationale I – Perspectives and emerging priorities on compliance issues Contributions from WTO, UNEP, FAO, ISO, ILO II – What do border rejections tell us about compliance capacity? Analysis of border rejection data (US- FDA and EU-RASFF data) III – Big or small money – how significant are border rejections for developing countries Quantification of export losses IV – Can developing countries detect non- compliance? Standards Compliance Capacity Index FVO Inspection Report analysis V – How can technical assistance stimulate the integration into global value chains? Value chain analysis Case study VI – Towards measuring the impact of Trade Capacity-Building Case study SynthesisCost/Benefit Model – Outline No.19

20 UNIDO/TCB/LG/140910/ISO Oslo No.20 Detention Analysis- US-FDA; EU-RAFFS Example: Country Analysis Indonesia EU DetentionsEU Detentions US DetentionsUS Detentions Reason for detention No.20

21 UNIDO/TCB/LG/140910/ISO Oslo No.21 Country coverage: 28 countries ECOWAS and ASEAN plus reference countries Standards Compliance Capacity Index - Overview Next edition: Expansion of country coverage Expansion of variables - along the value chain - creation of a Trade Performance Index No.21 Variables in 8 domains: StandardsStandards MetrologyMetrology AccreditationAccreditation TestingTesting InspectionInspection CertificationCertification Private StandardsPrivate Standards Compliance DiplomacyCompliance Diplomacy

22 UNIDO/TCB/LG/140910/ISO Oslo No.22 Standards Compliance Capacity Index Array of compliance capacity, standard-setting Array of compliance capacity in country 15 No.22

23 UNIDO/TCB/LG/140910/ISO Oslo No.23 CONCLUSIONS Standards & Conformity capacity Important for tradeStandards & Conformity capacity Important for trade Standards landscape and drivers changingStandards landscape and drivers changing –Sustainability issues –Supplier driven private standards Certification & conformity capacityCertification & conformity capacity Important areas for AFT intervention in SPECAImportant areas for AFT intervention in SPECA

24 UNIDO/TCB/LG/140910/ISO Oslo No.24 Thank You for your attention!


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