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THE METRIC SYSTEM MASS & CAPACITY

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Mass - weight In the metric system, all units are defined in terms of a basic unit. The basic unit of mass in the metric system is the gram.

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**Everyday items you could use to associate with mass in the metric system.**

milligram - a grain of salt gram - large paper clip kilogram - math textbook

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Mass - grams 1 gram = 1000 milligrams 1 kilogram = 1000 grams

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**Metric Units of Mass and Capacity**

Measurement Conversion Using a bridge map can help organize your thinking when converting from one metric unit to another.

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Bridge Map as (just like) Relating factor

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**Metric Length Conversion**

Example: 1 kg = 1000 g 3000 3 kg = _____ g Large to small 3 x 1000 = 3000 1 kg 3 kg as 1000 g (just like) 3000 g is equal to Relating factor X 1000

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**Metric Length Conversion**

Example: 1000 g = 1 kg 6 6000 g = ___ kg Small to large 6000 ÷ 1000 = 6 1 kg 6 kg as 1000 g (just like) 6000 g is equal to Relating factor ÷ 1000

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**Metric Length Conversion**

Example: 1 g = 1000 mg 7000 7 g = _____ mg Large to small 7 x 1000 = 7000 1 g 7 g as 1000 mg (just like) 7000 g is equal to Relating factor X 1000

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**Metric Length Conversion**

Example: 1000 mg = 1 g 4 4000 mg = ___ g Small to large 4000 ÷ 1000 = 4 1 g 4 g as 1000 mg (just like) 4000 mg is equal to Relating factor ÷ 1000

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Capacity - volume In the metric system, all units are defined in terms of a basic unit. The basic unit of capacity in the metric system is the liter.

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**Everyday items you could use to associate with capacity in the metric system.**

milliliter - 10 drops of food coloring liter - a small pitcher of water kiloliter – hot tub or spa

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Capacity - liters 1 liter = 1000 milliliters 1 kiloliter = 1000 liters

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Bridge Map as (just like) Relating factor

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**Metric Length Conversion**

Example: 1 L = 1000 mL 9000 9 L = _____ mL Large to small 9 x 1000 = 9000 1 L 9 L as 1000 mL (just like) 9000 mL is equal to Relating factor X 1000

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**Metric Length Conversion**

Example: 1000 mL = 1 L 2 2000 mL = ___ L Small to large 2000 ÷ 1000 = 2 1 L 2 L as 1000 mL (just like) 2000 mL is equal to Relating factor ÷ 1000

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**Metric conversions kg to g x 1000 g to kg 1000 g to mg x 1000**

mg to g 1000 L to mL x 1000 mL to L 1000

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Chapter 3: Units of Measurement The most important basic units for biologists are : meters (m) for length grams (g) for mass liters (L) for volume.

Chapter 3: Units of Measurement The most important basic units for biologists are : meters (m) for length grams (g) for mass liters (L) for volume.

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