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Commercial Satellites for Secure Military Communications

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Presentation on theme: "Commercial Satellites for Secure Military Communications"— Presentation transcript:

1 Commercial Satellites for Secure Military Communications
ViaSat -1 Launch Scheduled Q1 2011 I noticed that the closing address is a briefing about transitioning military technology to the private sector…I think my briefing goes the other way—how technology is migrating from commercial applications to the military. Before I start, I need to do a scientific poll… Raise your hand if you use the internet? Keep your hand up if you use the internet everyday. Hands down. Raise your hand if you have watched television over the internet? Keep your hand up if you watch TV regularly over the internet. Hands down. Raise your hand if you have made a VoIP phone call (like via Skype, Vonage or using cisco phones)? Keep your hand up if you use VoIP everyday at work or at home. Hands down. Raise your hand if you know what a pico cell is? Keep your hand up if you have a pico cell at home . Hands down. Raise your hand if you have accessed the internet from an airplane? Keep your hand up if you have watch TV or made a phone call using Skype from an airplane . Hands down. Raise your hand if you have accessed the internet or watched a video or television from a phone. Keep your hand up if you have done this while driving…officer arrest these folks…Hands down. My poll illustrates one key point: 1) voice, video, data convergence is well under way The corollary is that if you are doing it at home, then it can/is/or soon will be done securely in the military C4ISR, Cyber Security, Robot Platforms & Sensors Conference & Exhibition October 6-7, 2009 Jerry Goodwin

2 Commercial Mobile Broadband Ku-Band SATCOM
BizJets: in Service Gulfstream V, IV, 450, 550 Bombardier Global Express Bombardier Challenger 600 Cessna Citation X Boeing Business Jet Maritime: 500+ vessels Leisure yachts Fishing vessels Coast Guard Merchant ships High Speed Rail: 55+ France SNCF TGV Current Coverage I want to make you aware of some things that are happening in the Satellite industry, both commercial and military. First, for the past several years ViaSat has been building out a world wide Ku band network. Point out number of platforms, coverage map, and broadband performance Broadband Performance: 10 Mbps forward link, 512 Kbps return link, thousands of subscribers 2010 Coverage

3 Military Mobile Broadband Ku-Band SATCOM
80+ AISR & C2 Aircraft Systems SpOps, JCSE, Commando Solo, & Compass Call C-130’s US Army TF-ODIN King Air 300’s USAF Liberty King Air 350ER’s Gov’t customer Pilatus PC-12’s Army Aviation Blackhawk helicopters trial Private Mobile Networks 3, Regional In-Theater networks Boeing Broadband Satcom Network 23 Senior Leadership (VIPSAM) Aircraft 10 Stryker vehicles Multi-regional coverage On the military side we also have a fast growing 2-way customer base, point out platforms, private networks, and broadband performance Demanding higher return rates Demanding higher regional capacity JSOC, JCSE, Commando Solo, & Compass Call C-130 platforms (20 today, 40 planned) US Army TF-ODIN King Air 300 (13 today, 20 planned) USAF Liberty King Air 350ER (25 today, 60 planned) Gov’t customer Pilatus PC-12 (24 today, 30 planned) TF ODIN Private Networks Broadband Performance: Moving toward 20 Mbps forward link, 1 Mbps return link, hundreds of subscribers USAF Liberty SpOps 3 3

4 Selected for Best in Capacity!
The Newest Standards in Satcom Networking Modem Includes NSA Evaluated FIPS TRANSEC Type 1 HAIPE Network Encryptor for COMSEC Current SATCOM Security Approach Created standards for just about every type of DoD network on commercial satellites (and this also applied to WGS). EBEM – SCPC Linkway Mesh: Especially for JNN. JIPM: Next generation hub/spoke & mesh evolutions. How do we secure these commercial satellite networks? Point-to-Point Mesh – Any-to-Any Hub & Spoke (Client Server) Shipping Spring 2010 3000 Fielded 5000 Fielded MIL-STD B Modem MD-1366 EBEM WIN-T & USMC SWAN LINKWAY S2 DoD Standard for IP Networks MD-1377 JOINT IP MODEM 4 4

5 Very High Capacity Satellites
A different satellite for a different mission

6 Satellite Traditions Two Problems w/ Satellite
There is a whole industry – outside of satellite -providing products, like AcceleNet, to overcome high latency, low bandwidth, problematic network connections Two Problems w/ Satellite

7 Very High Capacity SATCOM
Conventional ViaSat-1 Broadcast centric Broadest reach Broad antenna beams Flexible services Ground “conformity” Key unit: “transponder” Data centric High demand markets Small “spot” beams Unicast, regional Ground “optimized” Key unit “Gbps” How did we make ViaSat-1 different? Satellites designed for a different MISSION 7

8 Today’s Commercial Ka-band Capacity Is Over 10x Military Ka-band …
Commercial Broadband, Ka-band Satellite Evolution Wildblue Service $49 / month satellite broadband WildBlue began Jun ’05, Telesat Canada began Jun ’05 Fastest growing satellite consumer broadband ever -400,000 net customers in 2 ½ years - Shipped 35,000 terminals/month - Total terminal price approximately $350 ea Anik-F2 Jul 2004 WildBlue-1 Dec 2006 These system were not designed by Satellite Manufactures, but by companies establishing broadband communication services Explain how spot beams enable frequency re-use and how that drives the cost of service down Explain how the volume of terminals is an opportunity when applied to military applications Spaceway-3 Aug 2007 Broadband Performance: 1.5 Mbps forward link, 256 Kbps return link, hundreds of thousands of subscribers

9 … with ViaSat-1 to Provide 100 Gbps!
Next Generation ViaSat-1 designed to Serve High Demand Areas of US ViaSat-1 Capacity Targeted at 70% of US Population & the High Demand Satellite Broadband Market Areas, First Quarter 2011 Explain how ViaSat-1 is designed to provide capacity where the demand is Broadband Performance: 8 Mbps forward link, 2 Mbps return link, millions of subscribers Viasat-1 Capacity WildBlue Customer Density (as presented by WildBlue at Lehman Conference ) 9

10 … and KaSat-1 to Provide 70Gbps!
Plus KaSat-1 (Eutelsat) to Serve High Demand Areas of Europe ViaSat Networking System Mention that KaSat-1 is using the same ground segment equipment as ViaSat-1. Show how KaSat will cover Europe 10

11 Additional International Extensions
In discussions with operators for similar satellites/services over: Middle East and Africa Australia/New Zealand and Pacific Rim China & India Latin and South America Japan

12 Extraordinary Capacity: ‘Bits in Space’…
When we say we are increasing capacity – we are really, really serious. Here is an amazing chart. The left hand side shows the baseline designed capacity of ViaSat-1. (It may be significantly higher). The right hand side shows the combined capacity of every single Ka band, C band & Ku band satellite we can find over the United States. That includes the Ka capacity of ANIK F2, WildBlue 1, the advertised capacity of Spaceway 1, 2 & 3 all put together (even though Spaceway 1 & 2 aren’t even being used for data now), the Ka capacity on Echostar’s AMC-15 & 16 satellites & over MHz equivalent transponders on FSS satellites across the country. All that still does not equal the capacity on this 1 satellite. That should give you an idea of how substantially we are changing the game in terms of our ability to deliver cost effective bandwidth vs. any challenger in the US. The situation in Europe isn’t quite the same – but we & Eutelsat will have at least as big an edge in the data business there. There are no dedicated Ka band satellites in Europe & you can see that makes up about half the total data capacity in the US. We also want to make the point that this capacity is not just an attribute of the satellite we are buying from Loral. You cannot make a satellite that yields this capacity without the ground segment technology we have & are incorporating into next generation Surfbeam. We have spent a year working closely with Loral to get to the design we have. No one has yet even caught up with our first generation system. It is going to be very difficult to get where we are going in a single step. We think this is a big reason we have been able to make the strategic relationship agreements that are such a big part of our plans. 12

13 …and Achieving Superior Capital Efficiency
Estimated 2-Way Bandwidth Capital Cost (Satellite on-orbit) $M/Gbps $250 $225 $167 $150 $40 And, this chart pretty much sums it up. We estimate our costs of bandwidth in space for ViaSat-1 to be about 1/10th the cost of the best Ka band satellites out there – some of which are so new as to not even be in service yet! We’ll be on the order of 100x more cost efficient than Ku band FSS. Of course, we cannot serve every form of demand for satellite data traffic over the US. But, given the demand curve we’ve shown for Ka band consumer broadband you can see why we would be excited about that application & target it first. But, we also believe that this cost advantage will translate to many other markets including enterprise broadband, defense applications, mobile broadband & even regional video distribution & broadcast. The same applies to Europe & you can see why Eutelsat is enthusiastic there. And, it really helps that we & Eutelsat are already working together in Europe on so many of these markets in addition to just consumer broadband access. $50 $14 $3.50 $5 ViaSat-1 KaSat-1 YahSat WildBlue WGS Ku FSS SpaceWay 13

14 The Ku/Ka Coverage Map: 2010 Train in the US, Stage in Europe, Field in Mid-East or Africa
So you may ask, how can the military use a satellite that has high capacity bandwidth, but only covers certain areas in the world. There is not a universal solution, different applications may want or need band specific solutions, either they are fixed, or they do not move enough and have driving requirements (such as man portability). For “beam-mobile” applications that can support it—such as aircraft or naval, our approach is with a multiband network that supports automatic handovers between Ka and Ku, just as we do for our Ku network, and as we will do between beams in our ViaSat-1 network Key: Blended Network Allows Mobile Broadband at Much Lower Rates

15 Terminal Proposition Faster, Smaller, Cheaper!
Would you rather buy this… 2.4m Trailer plus baseband vehicle 3Mbps Mesh 2-8Mbps Point-to-Point $500K/Terminal $ K/Month airtime To highlight the contrast more starkly, would you rather purchase the vehicle + trailor system with the 2.4m dish, 3Mbps mesh or up to 8 Mbps point to point at a half million per terminal and $8-$30K/month airtime, or would you rather purchase a 25 lb man portable system with a .7m dish, 5 Mbps transmit, 30 Mbps receive at $50K per terminal and $100-$1000/month airtime? .7m Portable 5 Mbps Transmit 30 Mbps Receive $50K/Terminal $100-$1000/Month airtime ….. or this? 15

16 Expanded Operations in Theater Improved Ability to Concentrated Forces
What DoD realizes with WGS: 7 Predators 0 Brigade Combat Teams # Brigade Combat Teams Iraq: 12 Afghanistan: 3 CONUS/OCONUS: 43 # Predators and Global Hawks in USAF inventory at present is about 170 What a DoD ViaSat broadband Ka-band satellite will support: 100 Predators 40 Brigade Combat Teams Afghanistan AOR Example: 25 Gbps vs. 1.5 Gbps! At a cost savings of ~ $240M1 (67% decrease) WGS 1.5° Beam Another big advantage is the ability to communicate even when forces are more concentrated. As an example using the Afghan area of operation, note what is possible with WGS in the country, and what a high capacity spot beam satellite deployed in the same area would be able to support. Compare that with the number of brigade combat teams deployed in Afghanistan, Iraq, and overall. Data we have collected indicates that a BCTs consume from Mbps Broadband Beams Broadband Performance: You could put 2 Predators and 2 Brigade Combat Teams in any beam each with a 300 Mbps forward link and 300 Mbps return 1 based on capital (Satellite on-orbit)

17 Access Broadband Applications Without Bandwidth Constraint
TRANSFORMING SECURE SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS » Voice » Streaming Video » High-Resolution Imagery » Tactical Operations Center Backhaul » Forward Team Backhaul » ISR Data In essence we are working to provide: Wireless Multi-media High Capacity Access Points I started by getting you thinking about application convergence. A high capacity satellite is not just a terminal as we usually think of it, it is a high capacity access point—and can be applied to provide service to an entire town or small base. We are working on how to securely support both wired and wireless connections to the access point for all types of data, including voice and video. Access Broadband Applications Without Bandwidth Constraint 17

18 The Future with ViaSat-1 and Beyond
Literally millions of broadband satellite subscribers in US, Europe & globally Leveraged for the government markets just like most things ViaSat has done in the past Secure for all Applications Voice, Video, Client/Server data All you can eat Bandwidth changes from scarce to plentiful, from expensive to affordable Any time, any where Now that sounds like the GIG

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