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Regional Workshop on Access to Modern Energy Services Policies Practices and Knowledge Sharing Topic: Participatory Capacity Needs Assessment in ECOWAS.

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Presentation on theme: "Regional Workshop on Access to Modern Energy Services Policies Practices and Knowledge Sharing Topic: Participatory Capacity Needs Assessment in ECOWAS."— Presentation transcript:

1 Regional Workshop on Access to Modern Energy Services Policies Practices and Knowledge Sharing Topic: Participatory Capacity Needs Assessment in ECOWAS Member States By: Frank O. Atta-Owusu Snr. Projects Manager, KITE November, 2009, Pullman Hotel, Dakar-Senegal

2 Outline 1.Definitions 2.Introduction 3.Findings 4.Articulated Capacity Building Needs 5.Recommendations 2

3 Definitions The UNDP defines capacity as the ability of individuals, institutions and societies to perform functions, solve problems, and set and achieve objectives in a sustainable manner. Capacity development is thereby the process through which the abilities to do so are obtained, strengthened, adapted and maintained over time. The UNDP definition of capacity development focuses on three key elements namely: Policy and legal frameworks Institutional structures and procedures; and Human resources, including technical and functional capacity A capacity assessment is defined as an analysis of current capacities against desired future capacities, which generates an understanding of capacity assets and needs, which in turn leads to the formulation of capacity development strategies (UNDP, 2007). 3

4 Context The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Commission and UNDP sponsored country level specific energy access capacity development needs assessments across the West African region in August, Objective The objective of the Participatory Capacity Building Needs Assessment is to identify capacity-building needs of ECOWAS Member states to ensure improved access to energy services for rural and peri-urban populations for the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals. Stakeholders/participants Energy and non energy non energy sector institutions (priority sectors identified in the PRSPs of member states) Eg. Health, Agriculture, Education, Water and Sanitation, Communication, etc 4

5 Introduction (Cont.) Methodology A qualitative approach was used to collect and analyse diverse information. Open and closed ended interviews were conducted to collect detail views from energy access stakeholders in the Member States The survey instrument was developed based on 10-point functional capacity areas relating to access to energy services for rural and peri-urban populations: Vision, Leadership, Strategies and programmes 5

6 Introduction (Cont.) Organisation and sector institutions Resources Partnerships, Commitment and dedication of actors, Processes, Annual plan of action Results for end-users 6

7 Key (preliminary) findings Member states recovering from war (Liberia and Sierra Leone) has not as yet developed the necessary capacity for enhancing access to energy services in rural and peri-urban areas Energy planning and service delivery in rural and peri-urban areas is largely ad hoc in most member states Outcome of the capacity needs assessment revealed a great need for political commitment, professional capacity and institutional reforms to provide enhanced access to energy services for the rural and peri-urban populations in member states. 7

8 Key (preliminary) findings (Cont.) Respondents were asked to indicate their countrys capacity level in respect of the 10-point functional capacity areas Using the scale 1-5. Where 1 is defined as, no evidence of relevant capacity; 2 anecdotal evidence of capacity; 3 partially developed capacity; 4 widespread, but not comprehensive evidence of capacity and 5 fully developed capacity The outcome showed that Liberia and Sierra Leone ranked between 1-2 on most of the functional capacity areas Ghana and Nigeria ranked between 1-4 on most of the assessed capacity areas 8

9 Key (preliminary) findings (Cont.) 9

10 Vision : The future plan on access was not defined in national documents such as NEPs, PRSPs and other development documents Leadership: The energy ministrys coordination and leadership role on access in most of the countries is weak. Lack of technical experts, fragmentation of energy functions among different MDAs etc Strategies and programmes: Capacity geared towards designing sustainable energy strategies and programmes in most member states was assessed to be inadequate 10

11 Key (preliminary) findings (Cont.) Organisation and sector institutions: The assessment revealed that sector specific institutions and organisations needed for the design and implementation of energy access programmes in rural and peri-urban areas is largely absent in most member states Resources: In adequate funding and energy professionals was identified as a key challenge. Ghana and Nigeria however have latent capacity that can be harnessed for energy access in rural and peri-urban areas 11

12 Key (preliminary) findings (Cont.) Partnerships: identified limited numbers of bilateral and multilateral partners who provide both technical and financial support for access to energy services in rural and peri-urban areas – capacity to engage and negotiate with partners is largely lacking Commitment and dedication of actors: Dormant NMGs were identified in all the countries. Stakeholders cited lack of dedicated resources for their activities and the absence of a champion as contributory factors for the absence of a consultative process on access to energy 12

13 Key (preliminary) findings (Cont.) Processes: Identified Limited involvement of non energy sectors in the planning and delivery of services to rural and peri-urban populations. Lack of institutional framework for monitoring and evaluating access programmes in most countries Annual plan of action: Apart from Ghana and Nigeria, the other 2 countries do not have multi/annual year strategic plans on energy Results for end-users: available results for end-users shows that that many households and public institutions such as clinics, schools, and agriculture facilities in the peri-urban and rural areas do not have access to modern energy services. 13

14 Articulated Capacity Building Needs 14 Functional CapacityArticulated Needs Vision Awareness creation among national authorities including the legislature on access to energy services in rural and peri-urban areas Mainstream access to energy services in national development documents such as the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) Technical support and capacity building for policy formulation Stimulation of political commitment on access to energy services in rural and peri-urban

15 Articulated Capacity Building Needs 15 Functional CapacityArticulated Needs Leadership Institutionalizing the national consultative group on access to energy services Restructure the Energy Division of the Ministry of Energy with key technical departments responsible for the various energy subsectors Enhanced leadership from the Ministry of Energy to coordinate activities relating to access to access Energy experts to manage the energy division of the Ministry of Energy Consolidation of the energy subsectors under the Ministry of Energy

16 Articulated Capacity Building Needs 16 Functional CapacityArticulated Needs Strategies and Programmes Technical and institutional support for the development of an integrated approach to energy service delivery Technical support for the development of Strategic National Energy Plan Formulate national access programmes for rural and peri-urban locations Technical support for the development of energy master plan for rural and peri-urban locations

17 Articulated Capacity Building Needs 17 Functional CapacityArticulated Needs Organisation and Sector Institutions Establish national institutions focusing on access to energy services in rural and peri- urban areas Create a unit in the energy division of the ministry to be responsible for access issues in rural and peri-urban areas

18 Articulated Capacity Building Needs 18 Functional CapacityArticulated Needs Resources Training of engineers to exploit the hydro potential Rural Energy fund Modern energy technology transfer for public and private sector stakeholders Mechanism for self financing access projects Introduce innovative approaches in implementing access programmes Incorporation of energy in sector budgets of energy end-user institutions Feasibility study on the hydro potential/capacity Expose existing engineers/technicians in priority sectors such as agriculture and health to modern energy technologies Energy resources assessment Collaborate with the universities/other technical training institutions to produce the manpower needs of the energy sector Certification/qualifying scheme for artisans in the energy sector

19 Articulated Capacity Building Needs 19 Functional CapacityArticulated Needs Partnership Collaboration and partnership with both local and international partners on access to energy services Negotiation skills to effectively engage partners

20 Articulated Capacity Building Needs 20 Functional CapacityArticulated Needs Processes Development of a participatory process for energy service planning and delivery Capacity building for planning and modelling energy services for rural and peri-urban areas in Sierra Leone

21 Articulated Capacity Building Needs 21 Functional CapacityArticulated Needs Annual Plan of Action Annual operational plan on access to energy services Development of strategic energy plan for access to energy services Rural Energy Master plan

22 Articulated Capacity Building Needs 22 Functional CapacityArticulated Needs Results for End-User and Beneficiaries Energy needs assessment in rural and peri- urban areas Ensure availability of energy services for end- users and beneficiaries in rural areas Productive use of energy services

23 Recommendations Focus on building institutional support for access to energy services for rural and peri-urban populations in member states Focus on strengthening human resources in access institution administration and management and middle and upper level technical manpower development. Focus on institutionalizing multi-sector consultation on access by establishing National Multisectoral Group on Energy Access that will focus on addressing specific issues of interest to access to energy services in rural and peri-urban areas. 23

24 Thank you 24


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