Download presentation

1
**Shallow Foundations Bearing Capacity**

The problems of soil mechanics can be divided into two principal groups - stability problems and elasticity problems - Karl Terzaghi, 1943

2
**Karl Terzaghi (1883-1963) Father of modern soil mechanics**

Born in Prague, Czechoslovakia Wrote “Erdbaumechanick” in 1925 Taught at MIT ( ) Taught at Harvard (1938 and after)

3
**Karl Terzaghi at Harvard, 1940**

4
**Bearing Capacity Failure**

5
**Transcosna Grain Elevator Canada (Oct. 18, 1913)**

West side of foundation sank 24-ft

6
**Stability Problem Bearing Capacity Failure**

Chapter 6. Bearing Capacity Analysis How do we estimate the maximum bearing pressure that the soil can withstand before failure occurs?

7
**Bearing Capacity Failures**

Types/Modes of Failure general shear failure local shear failure punching shear failure

8
General Shear Failure

9
**Punching Shear Failure**

10
Model Tests by Vesic (1973)

11
**General Guidelines Footings in clays - general shear**

Footings in Dense sands ( > 67%) -general shear Footings in Loose to Medium dense (30%< < 67%) - Local Shear Footings in Very Loose Sand ( < 30%) punching shear

12
**Bearing Capacity Formulas**

13
**Terzaghi Bearing Capacity Formulas**

14
**Terzaghi Bearing Capacity Formulas**

For Continuous foundations: For Square foundations: For Circular foundations:

15
**Terzaghi Bearing Capacity Factors**

16
**Bearing Capacity Factors**

17
**Terzaghi Bearing Capacity Formulas**

D B No sliding between footing and soil soil: a homogeneous semi-infinite mass general shear failure footing is very rigid compared to soil

18
**Further Developments Skempton (1951) Meyerhof (1953)**

Brinch Hanson (1961) De Beer and Ladanyi (1961) Meyerhof (1963) Brinch Hanson (1970) Vesic (1973, 1975) See Extra Handout

19
**Vesic (1973, 1975) Formulas Shape factors….… Eq. 6.14, 6.15 and 6.16**

Depth Factors ……. Eq. 6.17, 6.18 and 6.19 Load Inclination Factors …. Eq. 6.20, 6.21 and 6.22 Base Inclinations factors .. Eq and 6.26 Ground Inclination Factors…. Eq and 6.28 Bearing Capacity Factors …. Eq. 6.29, 6.30 and 6.31

20
**Vesic Formula Shape Factors**

21
**Vesic Formula Depth Factors**

22
**Bearing Capacity of Shallow Foundations**

6.3 Groundwater Effects 6.4 Allowable Bearing Capacity 6.5 Selection of Soil Strength Parameters 6.6 Local & Punching Shear Cases 6.7 Bearing Capacity on Layered Soils 6.8 Accuracy of Bearing Capacity Analyses 6.9 Bearing Capacity Spreadsheet

23
**Groundwater Table Effect**

24
**Groundwater Table Effect; Case I**

Modify ′zD Calculate ′ as follows:

25
**Groundwater Table Effect; Case II**

No change in ′zD Calculate ′ as follows:

26
**Groundwater Table Effect; Case III**

No change in ′zD No change in ′

27
**Allowable Bearing Capacity**

F …. Factor of safety

28
**Factor of Safety Depends on: Type of soil**

Level of Uncertainty in Soil Strength Importance of structure and consequences of failure Likelihood of design load occurrence

29
**Minimum Factor of Safety**

30
**Selection of Soil Strength Parameters**

Use Saturated Strength Parameters Use Undrained Strength in clays (Su) Use Drained Strength in sands, Intermediate soils that where partially drained conditions exist, engineers have varying opinions; Undrained Strength can be used but it will be conservative!

31
**Accuracy of Bearing Capacity Analysis**

In Clays …..Within 10% of true value (Bishop and Bjerrum, 1960) Smaller footings in Sands…. Bearing capacity calculated were too conservative – but conservatism did not affect construction cost much Large footings in Sands … Bearing capacity estimates were reasonable but design was controlled by settlement

32
**Accuracy; Bearing Capacity Analysis**

33
**Bearing Capacity Spreadsheet**

Can be downloaded from See Appendix B (page 848) for further instructions

Similar presentations

Presentation is loading. Please wait....

OK

Year 6 mental test 10 second questions

Year 6 mental test 10 second questions

© 2018 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

Ads by Google

Ppt on op amp circuits simulations Download ppt on business plan Ppt on area of parallelogram with vertices Ppt on network devices used in wireless communication Ppt on adverbs for grade 2 Ppt on chapter 3 atoms and molecules activities Ppt on value education for students Ppt on matter in our surroundings Ppt on vacuum circuit breaker Ppt on blood stain pattern analysis equation