Presentation on theme: "Jane Sherman Università degli Studi Roma Tre. E-learning, i-learning and UL A HOW SHOULD WE REACT TO THE E-REVOLUTION? B WHAT IS THE RELATIONSHIP EL :"— Presentation transcript:
E-learning, i-learning and UL A HOW SHOULD WE REACT TO THE E-REVOLUTION? B WHAT IS THE RELATIONSHIP EL : IL ? WHAT DOES the WEB OFFER FOR I-L? C ARE WE READY FOR WHAT IT HAS TO OFFER? HOW DO WE FIND OUT? D WHAT ARE THE NEEDS? HOW CAN THE CURRICULUM RESPOND TO THEM?
Semper aliquid novi Subscribe to Bestof Youtube.com – selection Use natural corpora – Google, Youtube, Amazon http://www.jamiekeddie.com/wp- content/uploads/2008/07/couldve-shouldve-wouldve.pdf http://www.jamiekeddie.com/wp- content/uploads/2008/07/couldve-shouldve-wouldve.pdf Record Skype calls (chats, interviews, transactions) on mp3 Make communal class dictionaries on wikis Do surveys with Survey Monkey How-to shorts with Videojug Have a conversation with AI (Jabberwacky) Make your own movie with www.dvolver.comwww.dvolver.com Second Life?
How to keep track and learn? A full-time job for the immigrants? - Groups, websites (good and free) - On-line courses (expensive) - Sharing experiences and trying things out together (economical and effective) (See references)
WHAT IS THE RELATIONSHIP EL : IL ? WHAT DOES WEB2 OFFER FOR IL?
EL is not necessarily IL INFORMATION for everyone DISTANCING – enriched photocopying – extra practice – filmed lectures? – cheap, convenient MODELLING – e.g. best essay magazine, worked exams now including oral exams, best podcasts – motivating and useful E-HOMEWORK and PRE-HOMEWORK linked to classes – huge possibilities, very underdeveloped. Go for Youtube, Google, Wikipedia homework!
And IL is not only about Web2… Using spellchecks, grammar checks Using dictionaries well Marking with tracking changes Listening to talking books Choosing DVDs well Using mp3s for listening practice Talking to people F2F
So what has Web2 done for IL? Transformed the landscape Marked out the ground Getting information and experiences Exploring the world Meeting people Doing things G iven individuals the ticket to ride.
I like being in a group I am wedded to my mobile phone I have my own satellite receiver Theres no internet access at the inn I just like music I have no time or money
Situation analysis: Look at the landscape 1. Participants/stakeholders – who are we? 2. What are our relationships and communications? 3. What are we like? What do we want/fear/believe in? 4. What resources do we have? (home, personal, work) 5. What are our ideas of good student/teacher behaviour? 6. What are our practices and capacity in E-L and in IL? 7. What are our perceptions of E-L and IL?
Some findings from elsewhere Dutch students said they learned 30% of their English independently, from TV (Teen de Bot 2005) 90% of Spanish students surveyed in Navarra University overwhelmingly resisted the idea that they should have more responsibility for syllabus content. (Breeze 2003) You have to have a teacher, they said
Observations from Italy... At Tor Vergata first-year students chatted to each other on-line enthusiastically but had almost nothing to say (private communication). Teachers at an e-conference in Milan 2007 said their students home equipment (and their own) were well ahead of those in their institutions in quantity and quality (Sherman, 2008). At Sassari teachers found that first-year students were very dependent and made little use of the self-access laboratory (Laird 2004)
And at Roma Tre? 25 third-year students (2006) top independent activities in English: 16 Listening to music Every day 17 Using internetMost days 24 Watching TV/DVD 2/3 times a week
Voices from ricevimento 1. Professoressa mi può dare qualche compito da scrivere? 2. Un buon professore è paziente e disponibile, spiega bene, segue gli studenti. 3. Per preparmi allesame, leggo bene il testo, sottolineo i brani importanti e li imparo per memoria. 4. Sono andata a Londra per un mese con i miei amici. 5. Nelle vacanze leggo Time Magazine, ascolto la BBC. 6. Non uso mai il vocabolario bilingue. 7. Sono tutti errori di distrazione.
We need a fuller picture Formal or informal surveys Impressionistic accounts Literature review Talking to people (Participation and ownership)
WHAT ARE THE NEEDS? HOW CAN THE CURRICULUM RESPOND TO THEM?
Needs and wants – intuitions? W&NExam success and exam strategies N&W?Experience of E-learning NCapacity for IL + motivation, awareness, practice, strategies, encouragement W&NSocial contacts, L2 discourse community W&NCross-cultural experience and awareness W&NPleasure, enjoyment, exposure W&NKnowledge of working world NA voice, individual and communal NBenefit from going abroad NMore general knowledge; practice in thinking
Cross-cutting curriculum threads e-skills i-skills life skills
An e-learning programme Handling of basic ICT (Word, Excel, PP) and operations Normal e-mail operations and texting Intelligent searching Downloading and uploading from and to the Web Use of webcam and basic editing of audio and video Creating and working on blogs, wikis, learning platforms Participating in chats, forums, Skyping Knowledge and experience of important websites
An i-learning programme Self-diagnosis and self-assessment Working with others Planning own learning and practice Self-motivation, enjoyment Stamina, commitment Study strategies Using resources – DMV, exam sites, people, songs, web resources, language learning sites, journeys abroad
A life skills programme Developing personal interests, knowledge and thought, own voice Developing inter-cultural identity; getting experience of L2 discourse community; observing and comparing Knowing the working world and finding own direction Developing a learning identity: personal learning style, pride and pleasure, control and ownership, knowing ones limits and strengths (and again) Learning self-motivation
Integrated in the curriculum Progressive Spiral Top-down Developed bit by bit Monitored (see sample syllabus)
Essential e-learning tools AmazonAudacity Blogs and wikisDialang DVDsExam websites GoogleI-tunes and mp3s L-learning websitesPodcasts SkypeSurvey Donkey Talking booksWikipedia YoutubeADSL, free Web access MoodleMicrosoft Word