Presentation on theme: "Research Investments People, time, and money Leni Oman"— Presentation transcript:
1Research Investments People, time, and money Leni Oman Director, Office of Research & Library ServicesAASHTO RAC/ TRB State Representatives MeetingBurlington, VTJuly 25, 2012
2Funding is declining and our workforce is shrinking _abFunding is declining and our workforce is shrinkingLess time and money for research activitiesLegislative mandate to reduce 800 FTEs in engineering and technical services by 2015At WSDOT, two transportation taxes are sun setting. Revenue is also down due to fuel efficiency and a weak economy affecting fuel sales.All activity is under review for value to the core mission. While our core research funding remains relatively stable, the additional resources WSDOT has put into research are being constrained and the amount of time employees have to serve as technical monitors is also limited.WSDOT has reshaped the Research Executive Committee and Research Advisory Committees. With that, the scope of their work is also changingResearch plays a key role in helping us do this.Source: WSDOT2
3Squeezing the most value out of every penny _crWSDOT innovations provide greater efficiency and benefitsValue engineering efforts provide the optimum solution at the least cost. Project cost estimates reduced by $375 million in the last two years.Implemented national best practices, such as expedited bridge delivery, concrete pavement dowel bar retrofits and low-cost safety investments reducing run-off-the-road fatalities.Making investments for the greatest benefits to stream habitats when transportation projects impact the natural environment.New technology for optimum freeway operations efficiencyAutomated Traffic Management, electronic tolling and ramp meteringReal-time traveler information and mobile appsPerformance-based management of preservation and maintenanceUsing technology and research advances on high-performing, lower-cost pavement preservation and repair.Maintenance tracking system and mobile data collectionSqueezing the most value out of every pennyEnsuring transportation investments are delivered with high quality and valueInnovation helps us improve efficiency and derive more benefits from the infrastructure and resources that we have.We aren’t saying no to research. We are looking at what we invest in, how those activities are identified, and what we get for our investments.3Source: WSDOT
4Research Executive Committee Changes CURRENTDefine research goals that are the basis for project selectionEstablish the selection committeesApprove the funded research programReview key research findingsEvaluate and finalize recommendations for implementation of research findingsExpanded to includeReview of Client Sponsored Research fundingReview of transportation pooled fund project contributionsIdentification of WSDOT objectives for national research programsProblem statements submittedSupporting what we submitPilot Tests and Demonstration ProjectsParticipation in national research committees and panels.REC Chair : Assistant Secretary, Engineering & Regional Operations (Chief Engineer)Members: Division Directors of:Strategic PlanningCapital Program Development & ManagementDevelopmentConstruction & MaterialsTrafficPublic TransportationHighways & Local ProgramsAviationFerriesWSDOT has reshaped the Research Executive Committee and Research Advisory Committees. With that, the scope of their work is also changing to look beyond programming of the SPR-funded projects.
511-13 BN Current Budget & Contract Value $13,782,399 Old Research Executive Committee RoleSPR, 28%CSR, 37%TPF-WSDOTContrib., 4%OtherState Contrib.,31%46 Projects32 Projects17 ProjectsA quick look at the research projects we’re talking about.The Office of Research and Library Services manages contracts for research projects funded by other organizations within WSDOT as well as federal earmarks and some local government funds. While the SPR budget funds about $2M of new research and $1M of continuing research, the current contract value is close to $9M due to the Client Sponsored Research activity. The value of research projects will continue to grow throughout the biennium.The Research Executive Committee currently reviews the SPR-funded research activities but that is only a portion of the research investment we make. We are looking at the role the REC should play in supporting strategic investment in research activities from all sources.# of Projects completed, continued, or startedTOTAL104State Planning and Research projects46Client-Sponsored research projects32Transportation Pooled Fund projects17Synthesis projects9TRB: Transportation Research BoardTRAC: Washington State Transportation CenterNCHRP: National Cooperative Highway Research ProgramSPR: State Planning and ResearchTPF: Transportation Pooled Fund ProgramCSR: Client Sponsored Research
6More Budget Context Program Funding Trends Transportation Pooled Fund Project Valueby Contribution SourceTotal Value $26,430,000Leveraging just under $10 for every WSDOT dollar spent.The Transportation Pooled Fund program – while challenging to manage, is important to us.Note contract value for research projects for SPR has remained steady, Client Sponsored Research funding is diminishing, and our the value of TPF projects we lead increased significantly in 2010 but, the current funding trend is declining.SPR: State Planning and ResearchTPF: Transportation Pooled Fund ProgramCSR: Client Sponsored Research
7WSDOT Research Investments WSDOT EmployeesWSDOT Research InvestmentsTRB Standing CommitteesSec. Hammond on TRB ExComm46 Committee Members2 Meetings/yrChair travel sponsored for one meeting/yrWSDOT Funding and EmployeesState Planning & Research (SPR) Projects46 Projects (Regular & Quick Response)$2,601,876 to date30 Technical MonitorsSynthesis Studies9 conducted to date for 9 different officesTRB Cooperative Research Project Panels64 Panel Members (104 Panels)2 or 3 days of sponsored travel over 2 years/projectWashington State Transportation Center$313,000/BN ORLS funding. $75K WSU, $238K UW$ 461,000/BN Congestion Analysis & WSDOT SupportTransportation Pooled Fund projects17 WSDOT-led projects27 Projects led by others~27 Technical Monitors$3,252,345 to dateTRB SHRP29 Program & Panel Oversight MembersBeta testsPilot ProjectsNational Cooperative Highway Research Program Contribution%100 unbudgeted Federal SPR$ 1,431,000/BNA look at WSDOT funding and employee time invested in researchClient Sponsored Research32 Projects$3,562,356 to date~17 Technical MonitorsOther Activities1 TRB Policy Study Member1 Special Study Member (LTPP)1 TRB State Rep/Advisory Panel MemberTRB Core Services%100 unbudgeted Federal SPR$ 275,000/BNData through May 31st, 2012
8Participation in National Research Programs Strategic Highway Research Program (SHRPII)Expert Task Group appointmentsPilot TestsDemonstration ProjectsNational Cooperative Highway Research ProgramProvide Funding ContributionProblem StatementsSynthesis TopicsPanel NominationsAASHTO’s Quick Response Research ProjectsCEO, SCOE, SCOP, SCOPT, SCOH, SCOTS, SCOHTSFunded by NCHRP (State DOTs)Innovations Deserving Exploratory AnalysisSuggest promising but unproven innovations for Transit, Highways, SafetyTransportation Pooled Fund ProgramProject leadershipProject participationAirport Cooperative Research ProgramProblem StatementsSynthesis TopicsPanel NominationsCommercial Truck and Bus Safety Synthesis Program (CTBSSP)Topic submittalInternational Scan ProgramTopic submittalParticipation in Scan TeamTransit Cooperative Research ProgramProblem StatementsSynthesis TopicsPanel NominationsAASHTO Research ProgramsTransportation Research Board ProgramsDomestic Scan ProgramTopic submittalParticipation in Scan TeamHazardous Materials Cooperative Research ProgramPanel nominationsNational Freight Cooperative Research ProgramProblem statementsPanel NominationsTechnology Implementation GroupTechnology submittalNational program activity level –a look at where we are currently active so we can determine if that best supports priority business needs.Policy StudiesFund a topicCommittee nominationsNational Cooperative Rail Research ProgramProblem statementsPanel NominationsTechnical Services ProgramsETAP, NTPEP, APEL, AMRL, DAMS, TRAC, SICOP, AETO, SAFETY, Climate Change, MTAP, NPHQ, LRFD, TSP2Legal ResearchTopic submittal for Highways, Transit, and AirportsMarine BoardTopic submittalActiveSemi-ActiveInactive
9FHWA Research Programs RESOURCESFHWA Research TopicsCorporate Master Plan (CMP) for Research and Deployment of Technology & InnovationR&D Topics InfrastructureOperationsSafetyInnovation Life Cycle IntroductionRoadmapsResearch DeploymentFHWA Priority TechnologiesEvery Day Counts InitiativeHighways for LIFE program24 Priority, Market Ready Technologies and Innovations BriefsExploratory Advanced ResearchSurface Transportation Environment and Planning Cooperative Research ProgramHighways for Life ProgramInnovative Bridge Research and Deployment ProgramInternational Visitor ProgramCoordination of U.S. International Road ActivitiesInternational Highway Technology Scanning ProgramGlobal Technology Exchange ProgramEmerging Markets/OpportunitiesAND – there are several other programs we participate in – but that our Research Executive Committee members don’t necessarily see.Our purpose in highlighting this is to show and prepare for opportunity and to increase awareness of activity that is underway and how that fits into the research objectives of WSDOT.
10FTA Research Programs National Research and Technology Program RESOURCESFTA Research FundingApplying for FTA Research Funding FTA Research Projects Research Reports Public Transportation Research DigestFTA Public Transportation Research Digest Priority Areas supported by ResearchEnvironmental Sustainability Livable and Sustainable Communities Safety State of Good Repair Bus Rapid Transit Related ProgramsTraining and Workforce Development National Research and Technology Program Intelligent Transportation Systems for Transit National Fuel Cell Bus Program University Transportation Centers International Public Transportation Program Transit Cooperative Research Program Small Business Innovative Research Bus Testing Program Transit Investments for Greenhouse Gas and Energy Reduction (TIGGER)
11More USDOT Research Programs MARADResearch and DevelopmentBallast Water and Aquatic Invasive SpeciesNational Shipbuilding Research Program (NSRP)Marine BoardTransportation Research Board (TRB)National Maritime Enhancement Institutes (NMEIs)Research OpportunitiesUniversity Transportation Centers (UTCs)FAAAdvanced Pavement DesignAirport Design TechnologyAircraft Rescue & Firefighting TechnologyAirport Wildlife Hazard AbatementNational Airport Pavement Test FacilityNondestructive Pavement TestingPavement MaterialsOperation of New Large AircraftVisual Guidance & Runway Incursion ReductionRunway Surface TechnologyField Instrumentation and Testing
12More USDOT Research Programs NHTSABiomechanics & TraumaBehavioral ResearchCrash AvoidanceCrash Injury Research (CIREN)CrashworthinessDatabases and SoftwareDriver Simulation (NADS)Enhanced Safety Vehicles (ESV)Event Data Recorder (EDR)Human FactorsChild Seat ResearchPublic MeetingsVehicle Research & Testing (VRTC)RITARITA Intelligent Transportation Systems Joint Program OfficeUniversity Transportation Centers12 Tier 1 Centers10 Regional Centers(including PacTrans)FRAFederal Railroad Administration (FRA) Research and DevelopmentPHMSAPHMSA Research & Development
13Schedules to be determined Research Activity Event/Due Dates Research Decision CalendarResearch Schedule & Possible REC Meeting ScheduleDecisions AnytimeWSDOT Quick Response ResearchSchedules to be determinedNational Cooperative Rail Research ProgramNeed to addPanel selection for other CRPsTransportation Pooled Fund ContributionsSCOHTS Research ProgramEDC, EAR, UTCs,SHRP2 Pilot Tests & Demonstration ProjectsClient Sponsored ResearchResearch Activity Event/Due DatesTRB Annual Meeting 13-17, 2013NCHRP Synthesis Topics DueTCRP Synthesis Topics DueACRP Problem Statements DueCTBSSP Topics DueNCHRP SCOTS Problem Statements DueNCHRP SCOE Problem Statements Due July 15TRB Annual Meeting Paper Submittals Due Aug 1NCHRP problem statements due Sept 15ACRP Synthesis topics due Oct 1Domestic Scan proposals due Nov 15WSDOT RFI distributedNCHRP rating process beginsWSDOT Response to RFI DueNCHRP CEO Problem Statements DueWSDOT TPF Travel Plan dueTCRP problem statements dueNCHRP SCOPT problem statements due July 1WSDOT problem statements due Sept 28Fall SCOR meetingNCFRP Panel nominationsTRB committee nominations (selection is variable)NCHRP SCOH Problem Statements DueNominations for NCHRP PanelsTRB Annual Meeting Travel PlanTCRP Transit Legal Research needs due July 1NCHRP Legal Research needs due Sept 15HMCRP Panel nominationsSTEP Project Concepts Due (spring)HfL Technology Partnerships proposals dueNCFRP problem statements due July 30SCOTS Panel nominationsNCHRP 8-36 SCOP Problem Statements DueUniversities must have made offers to grad studentsInternational Scan proposals dueFederal Discretionary Programs due - includes research activitiesNCFRP Panel nominations Apr 1WSDOT TPF contribution plan preparedDecisionSCOR selects NCHRP problem statements20-07 and projects selected at AASHTO Spring Meeting. NCRRP projects selectedAASHTO CEO NCHRP ballot20-07 and projects selected at AASHTO Spring MeetingWSDOT RAC selects research projectsWSDOT REC plan review & approvalMonthJanuaryFebruaryMarchAprilMayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovemberDecemberREC MeetingsSpring MeetingSummer MeetingWinter MeetingACRP Problem StatementsTCRP Problem StatementsNCHRP Problem StatementsWSDOT Research SPR Funding Decision & Technical MonitorsSCOH Problem StatementsNFCRP Problem StatementsNCHRP Legal ResearchAASHTO CEO Problem StatementsSCOE Problem StatementsORLS TPF Contribution Plan ReviewSTEP Research NeedsSCOPT Problem StatementsNCHRP Synthesis NeedsTRB Committee nominationsSCOTS Problem StatementsInternational Scan interestsTCRP Synthesis NeedsCTBSSP TopicsTransit Legal ResearchDomestic Scan interestsTRB Annual Meeting FYINCHRP Panel NominationsACRP Synthesis TopicsQuick Response ResearchTRB Annual Meeting TravelAASHTO Award Nomination for Research & InnovationIt’s easy for those not involved with research to think it’s one program moving on the same schedule. As you know, it’s not. We’re trying to map when program decisions are needed so we can set reasonable meeting dates.Unfortunately, it’s a moving target as not all program action dates are set.
14Washington’s transportation system future Current issues Our need for a functioning transportation system continues to grow, while our revenue stream declinesCurrent issuesTreating the transportation system like the utility it isGas taxes built the transportation system of the past.We need to look at new and different revenue sources to keep up with today’s changing technology.Fuel-efficient vehiclesElectronic vehicles and charging stationsUser-based fees are here today and are likely in our futureTollingMileage-based feesOther sourcesTrying to put it together with agency needs.There are specific areas in which we need to develop new practices. By providing information on research programs that are available, we can identify the resources that best fit the research need and bring a coordinated agency approach to supporting that strategy.Four slides will show you some issues that we’re working on. Like many agencies, we have agency goals and priority initiatives, but we don’t have a ranked list of agency priority activities upon which to base a strategic research plan.14
15Adding capacity strategically Operating roadways efficiently Moving Washington is our three-pronged approach to fight congestion and combat climate changeAdding capacity strategicallyOperating roadways efficientlyManaging demandAdding new capacity to our currently over-stressed transportation system removes choke points and bottlenecks, completing critical corridors; improve reliability, throughput for freight, commuters and transit partners.Maximizing the use of the existing system and using available technology to communicate with and direct traffic, improves the system’s performance and generates revenue through variable pricing and other traffic management tools.Providing more travel choices and options for people and freight helps improve the efficiency and effectiveness of ourtransportation system.Another important area of emphasis in our program today is Moving Washington.Moving Washington focuses on first things first. It’s critical to preserve and maintain the infrastructure we have in the best condition possible.And we must continue to improve the safety of the system for the movement of goods and protection of the traveling public.Research plays a key role in in helping us do more with less and has been particularly active in the areas of operating roadways efficiently and managing demand.1515
16Strategic research goals SafetyPreservationEnvironmentDesign safety Driver behavior Vulnerability to risks Accident analysis Pedestrian/bicycle safety Construction safetyHighway pavement preservation Bridge preservation and replacement Highway and bridge maintenance Ferry maintenance and preservation Airport runway preservation Legacy computer systemsHighway practices Fish passage through culverts Wildlife connectivity Protecting species Cultural resources Climate change Noise reductionMobilityStewardshipEconomic VitalityTraffic management Traveler information Variable tolling Demand management Highways and ferries operations Non-motorized transportationProject management and delivery Advocate for system needs IT and decision support Accountability and communications Workforce Enterprise risk management Planning and prioritization Equitable access and ADA SustainabilityFreight mobility Public private partnerships Contracting Intercity, rural and special needsWithin our focus on Moving Washington, we keep the state’s six strategic goals for transportation in mind.State law directs public investments in transportation to support economic vitality, preservation, safety, mobility, the environment and system stewardship. WSDOT’s Research Office and Advisory Committees have identified areas in which research is needed to advance our strategic objectives.This list is not prescriptive or prioritized but helps identify key areas of interest within our agency.16
17WSDOT continues to transform our organization and business practices _abChanging our business modelRecognize that our business needs in the future will be different than the needs of the pastEvaluating our business needsDetermine the skills needed to do the workAssess individual employees’ skillsIdentify the gapsDevelop individual training plans to bridge those gapsWhat do we need to know?What is our base preservation and maintenance model?What are our core competencies?How do we transition to a mobile workforce?How will we manage consultants?What additional quality assurance measures need to be put in place?WSDOT continues to transform our organization and business practicesThere are many unknowns. This is a work in progressAlong with changes in the transportation system, there are changes in the way we deliver projects.We are changing our business model to fit the changing demands.There is a greater focus is shifting on preservation and operations.The competencies needed in our workforce are shifting.17
18Collaboration is critical What we can’t afford to do separately, we can work to achieve togetherResearch collaboration comes in many formsBusiness needsPotential solutionsNew technology or techniquesData, information, and technical expertiseField locations and test sitesFundingAdvocacyWe will also take advantage of our ability to leverage our knowledge needs through partnerships. This means that we may engage in activities that aren’t our highest priority – instead, these are activities that are of concern to us and, through partnerships, we’re able to answer the question sooner (and sometimes at a lower cost than we would pay by ourselves).As you’ll see from our investment in the Transportation Pooled Fund program, collaboration is a key part of our research program. But we can still do more.What we can’t afford to do separately, we can work to achieve together.Partnerships come in all forms and we benefit from collaborating on ideas, potential solutions to regional transportation challenges, data to analyze, technical expertise, and field locations to study as well as cold hard cash.For those in the room in leadership positions: don’t underestimate the role you play in research. Your interest in and advocacy for research can unlock doors and lead to productive relationships.WSDOT will be an active partner providing expertise and resources to address critical knowledge gaps that address our priority business needs. It is important to for us to remain conscious of the strategies where collaboration is a key component because they may require a different management strategy – in which timelines and priorities are shared amongst participants and less directed by us. In times of budget scrutiny, the metrics and deliverables may seem less clear and timely but the long-term payoff of the partnership is likely to payoff in unexpected ways.18
19Reshaping the Strategic Investment of Research Resources This is a work in progressTimely support for business needsensure that actions address the most pressing needscoordinated for the best outcome for our investmentssupport implementation of results Contribute to the advancement of practiceSupport employee developmentCareer developmentSuccession planningDon’t disrupt daily agency managementDevelopment of future workforce19