Presentation on theme: "Anti-Money Laundering Anita M. Moyer, MSP, CAMS. Banking Crisis Humor This credit crunch is worse than a divorce. I've lost half my net worth and I still."— Presentation transcript:
Anti-Money Laundering Anita M. Moyer, MSP, CAMS
Banking Crisis Humor This credit crunch is worse than a divorce. I've lost half my net worth and I still have a spouse.
Banking Crisis Humor I went to the ATM this morning and it said "insufficient funds." I'm wondering is it them or me?
New Dollar is released
WHY BSA? People want to cheat on their taxes Catch a buzz Get naked!! ( worlds oldest profession!)
Bank Secrecy Act of 1970 Why? Drug trade of the 1960s brought grocery bags of cash into the banks. Currency Transaction Report (CTR) Suspicious Activity Report (SAR or Somethin aint Right) More slavery and human trafficking today than ever in history. Atlanta #1 hub.
What is Money Laundering? Money laundering involves taking criminal proceeds and disguising their illegal source in anticipation of ultimately using the criminal proceeds to perform legal and illegal activities. Simply put, money laundering is the process of making dirty money look clean.
What is Money Laundering? When a criminal activity generates substantial profits, the individual or group involved must find a way to use the funds without drawing attention to the underlying activity or persons involved in generating such profits. Criminals do this by disguising the sources, changing the form or moving the money to a place where it is less likely to attract attention.
Money Laundering Where did the name come from? 1930s Chicago
Find a reason to catch drug dealers, tax evaders, and…
Money Laundering Money Laundering Stages – Placement. Getting the money into the bank – Layering. Hiding the source or destination of the funds to disguise from where it comes or to where it goes. – Integration. Combining illegitimate funds with legitimate funds in an attempt to make the illegitimate appear legitimate.
Lets Launder Money $2,000,000 in 20s weighs ??? How would you launder money? – 1. – 2. – 3.
Lets Launder Money $2,000,000 in 20s weighs ??? 220 pounds How would you launder money? – 1. Painter – cash deposits – many banks – 2. buy big motorhomes from divorcees 2 bills of sale – sell on ebay – 3. Buy companies that are already CTR exempt.
How Serious is money laundering? Dec 2004 American Banker article estimates between $600B and $1.5 Trillion Annually Lets try to comprehend $1,000,000,000, weekend days = 261 work days Braves stadium holds 40,000 people If we filled stadium w/money launderers, each working day = $95,785 per person.
How does this effect us? We will direct every resource at our command to win the war against terrorists, every means of diplomacy, every tool of intelligence, every instrument of law, every financial influence. We will starve the terrorists of funding… President George Bush Sept 24, 2001
How does this effect us? Like it or not, bankers are the gatekeepers at the nations financial borders…Instead of big seizures of cash, the program (USA Patriot Act) has led to books and records that help to identify, locate, and capture bad guys, and uncover (terrorist) plots. David Aufhauser General Counsel – Dept of Treasury Oct 2002
DEA busts ring accused of sending tons of drugs to USA 402 Arrests 9,512 POUNDS of Cocaine 227 POUNDS of Methamphetamine 27,229 Pounds of Marijuana $45,200,000 US Currency 94 Vehicles and 100 Weapons 22 States – distribution network USA Today. Thursday, March 1, Pg 11A
Differences Between Terrorist Financing and Money Laundering Terrorist financing uses funds for an illegal political purpose, but the money is not necessarily derived from illicit proceeds. On the other hand, money laundering always involves the proceeds of illegal activity. The purpose of laundering is to enable the money to be used legally.
Differences Between Terrorist Financing and Money Laundering Concealment of funds used for terrorism is primarily designed to hide the purpose for which these funds are used, rather than their source.
Similarities Between Terrorist Financing and Money Laundering Both terrorists and money launderers use the same methods to move their money in ways to avoid detection, such as structuring payments to avoid reporting and underground banking, such as the ancient system of hawala
Why Should Anti-Money Laundering Be Important to You? Countries around the world have been putting responsibilities on professionals, such as lawyers, accountants, company formation agents, auditors and other financial intermediaries, who have the ability to either block or facilitate the entry of illegitimate money into the financial system.
Why Should Anti-Money Laundering be Important to You? The responsibilities of such gatekeepers include requiring them to identify clients, to conduct due diligence on their clients, to maintain records about their clients and to report suspicious client activities. Some of these rules also prohibit gatekeepers from informing or tipping off clients who are the subject of the suspicious transaction reports. Violations may subject gatekeepers to prosecution, fines and even imprisonment.
Thank you for your Time Anita M. Moyer, MSP, CAMS
1. The USA PATRIOT Act 2. Handbook on BSA 3. Bankers On Lineexcellent resource for Q&A Cat=&Board=cip&PHPSESSID 4. ACAMS Certification
References 6. History of FinCEN 7. Computer Software Due Diligence 8. Non-cooperative Countries and Territories 9. Treasury Department updates 10. FinCEN SAR Reviews
References 12. Charles Montaldo (2007) Drug Bust Nets 400 Arrests, $45.2 Million. USA Today March 1, nets-400-arrests-452-million.htmpage 11 A