5WHY BSA? People want to cheat on their taxes Catch a buzz Get naked!! ( world’s oldest profession!)
6Bank Secrecy Act of 1970Why? Drug trade of the 1960s brought grocery bags of cash into the banks.Currency Transaction Report (CTR)Suspicious Activity Report (SAR or Somethin’ ain’t Right)More slavery and human trafficking today than ever in history. Atlanta #1 hub.
7What is Money Laundering? Money laundering involves taking criminal proceeds and disguising their illegal source in anticipation of ultimately using the criminal proceeds to perform legal and illegal activities. Simply put, money laundering is the process of making dirty money look clean.
8What is Money Laundering? When a criminal activity generates substantial profits, the individual or group involved must find a way to use the funds without drawing attention to the underlying activity or personsinvolved in generating such profits. Criminals do this by disguising the sources, changing the form or moving the money to a place where it is less likely to attract attention.
9Money LaunderingWhere did the name come from?1930’s Chicago.
10Find a reason to catch drug dealers, tax evaders, and… 1010
12Money Laundering Money Laundering Stages Placement. Getting the money into the bankLayering. Hiding the source or destination of the funds to disguise from where it comes or to where it goes.Integration. Combining illegitimate funds with legitimate funds in an attempt to make the illegitimate appear legitimate.
13Let’s Launder Money $2,000,000 in 20’s weighs ??? How would you launder money?1.2.3.First and foremost the most important thing to know about money laundering is that without a crime there is no money laundering. With this in mind investigators need to start their investigation by determining the crime behind the money. So now its time to think like a criminal and lets launder your money.
14Let’s Launder Money $2,000,000 in 20’s weighs ??? 220 pounds How would you launder money?1. Painter – cash deposits – many banks2. buy big motorhomes from divorcees 2 bills of sale – sell on ebay3. Buy companies that are already CTR exempt.
15How Serious is money laundering? Dec 2004 American Banker article estimates between $600B and $1.5 Trillion AnnuallyLet’s try to comprehend $1,000,000,000,000weekend days = 261 work daysBraves stadium holds 40,000 peopleIf we filled stadium w/money launderers, each working day = $95,785 per person.
16How does this effect us?“We will direct every resource at our command to win the war against terrorists, every means of diplomacy, every tool of intelligence, every instrument of law, every financial influence. We will starve the terrorists of funding…President George Bush Sept 24, 2001
17How does this effect us?Like it or not, bankers are the gatekeepers at the nations financial borders…Instead of big seizures of cash, the program (USA Patriot Act) has led to books and records that help to identify, locate, and capture bad guys, and uncover (terrorist) plots.David Aufhauser General Counsel – Dept of Treasury Oct 2002
18DEA busts ring accused of sending tons of drugs to USA 402 Arrests9,512 POUNDS of Cocaine227 POUNDS of Methamphetamine27,229 Pounds of Marijuana$45,200,000 US Currency94 Vehicles and 100 Weapons22 States – distribution networkUSA Today. Thursday, March 1, Pg 11A
20Differences Between Terrorist Financing and Money Laundering Terrorist financing uses funds for an illegal political purpose, but the money is not necessarily derived from illicit proceeds. On the other hand, money laundering always involves the proceeds of illegal activity. The purpose of laundering is to enable the money to be used legally.
21Differences Between Terrorist Financing and Money Laundering Concealment of funds used for terrorism is primarily designed to hide the “purpose” for which these funds are used, rather than their source.
22Similarities Between Terrorist Financing and Money Laundering Both terrorists and money launderers use the same methods to move their money in ways to avoid detection, such as structuring payments to avoid reporting and underground banking, such as the ancient system of hawala
23Why Should Anti-Money Laundering Be Important to You? Countries around the world have been putting responsibilities on professionals, such as lawyers, accountants, company formation agents, auditors and other financial intermediaries, who have the ability to either block or facilitate the entry of illegitimate money into the financial system.
24Why Should Anti-Money Laundering be Important to You? The responsibilities of such gatekeepers include requiring them to identify clients, to conduct due diligence on their clients, to maintain records about their clients and to report “suspicious” client activities. Some of these rules also prohibit gatekeepers from informing or “tipping off” clients who are the subject of the suspicious transaction reports. Violations may subject gatekeepers to prosecution, fines and even imprisonment.