Presentation on theme: "New York Times For the Love of Money By SAM POLK January 18, 2014."— Presentation transcript:
1New York TimesFor the Love of MoneyBy SAM POLKJanuary 18, 2014
2Summary Sam Polk the person Columbia University Athlete “In my last year on Wall Street my bonus was $3.6 million – and I was angry because it wasn’t big enough.”Sam Polk the personColumbia UniversityAthleteAddictive compulsive behaviorFather (Willy Loman) defined relationship to money$ could solve all problemsSought counselingEnded alcohol & drug addictionbut not addictive behaviorNT Time article
3Wall Street Internship Credit Suisse First Boston “The satisfaction wasn’t just about the money. It was about the power. … it was someone else’s job to make me happy”Internship Credit Suisse First BostonBonds and credit default swap trade Bank of AmericaJoined Hedge fund on Wall StreetOffered “$1.75 by 2” by CitibankLate twenties$6000 a month flat in ManhattanBeautiful girlfriendAccess to any restaurant or event at any timeDuring 2008 crash shorted derivatives of risky companies
4Why IS Desire for $1 Billion BAD? UtilitarianDesire is not behavior. Without behavior there are no consequences. Without consequences there are no stakeholdersHedonism: Pleasure and Pain of being richDeontological: WD Ross 7 virtuesfidelityreparationgratitudejusticebeneficenceself-improvementnon-injury of othersVirtue-BasedDoes the desire to be rich conflict with the goal to be a “moral actor”When does desire become excessive?
5Ethical Standard of community: Wealth Addiction “I don’t have the brain capacity to think about the system as a whole. All I’m concerned with is how this affects our company.” - Polk’s bossPolk recognizes addictive behavior is ethical standard of his industryTrading floor feels like neighborhood in “The Wire”Traders despise anything or anyone that threatens bonuses.Lobby for tax loop holes.Terrified of forgoing future bonusesHow doesn’t the drug addict analogy hold up?When Polk spends his money it isn’t to support an industry that perpetuates addiction, violence and lawlessness.How does the drug addict analogy hold up?Fellow trader tells of feeling of being trapped
6Stakeholders Taking Action Not Taking Action Harm Benefit Professional StakeholdersFinancial institutions: Pension funds, 401K investors, Commercial banks, Investment banksDesire to make $ may lead to unethical behavior and/or assumption of risks that damages value of investments.Greater assumption of risks pays off and increases wealth of pension fund.Lack of incentive to perform may damage returns.Avoidance of job burn out, resulting in greater career longevity and experience which benefits the fund mgmt and performance.Stakeholders in beneficiaries of wealthPoliticiansConcentration of wealth narrows scope of fund raising efforts. Increasing political influence of small group of people only interested in personal interests.Can raise more money faster by appealing to small group. More efficient fund raising activities provides more time for governance activities.Forces politician to raise money from more donations of smaller amounts. Less efficient.Increases political voice of less wealthy / total available market and accountability to greater number of constituents / customers.Providers of luxury goods and servicesHigh concerntration increases risk to revenue in volatile marketsEfficient demand generation from small high income market.Business forced to revise business model to reach new markets resulting in new, potentially more efficient, competitors.Forces businesses to revise business model to reach larger total available market, reducing market availability.Personal Stakeholders:Polk's girl friendLose respect for his ethics. Never see boyfriend because he works all the time.Can purchase luxury items on his gold card. Its about quality not quantity of time.Cannot provide for desired standard of living. I had more time to spend with him, it turned out I didn't like him anyway.Respect for boyfriend's ethics serves as foundation of future relationship. Spend more time with him and it turns out I do really like him and who he want's to be.Societal StakeholdersGovernment tax receiptsUndue political influence results in loop holes, capital gains tax rates, increasing tax burden on middle class and reduced investment on education and infrastructure resulting in degradation of national competitiveness in global economy.Modestly higher taxes reciepts result in investments and reduce deficit.Potentially reduces tax receipts and increasing pressures on deficits and reducing investments in edu and infrastructure.To maintain tax receipts and fight deficits, government must remove corporate loop holes increasing wealth equity.Commercial Bank DepositorsIncreases risk of investment strategy and amount of leverage resulting in financial volatility / crisis that reduces value of commercial bank savings either directly or through monetary devaluation.Successful investments support a healthy debt to equity ratio protecting depositor investments and availability of credit.Drop in performance may make bank vulnerable to more motivated competitors, willing to assume greater risk.Less motivation for risk results in more secure investments, reliable returns and safer deposits.
7IS conscience a good measure of ethical behavior? YesNoVirtuous Life is the happy fulfilled life. If you conscience is troubling you, it may indicate a failure of virtuous behavior.Conscience is fallible basis of perception. Individual could be replacing addiction to power with addiction to self loathing or serving need for acceptance.
8“I don’t like who I’ve Become.” Polk’s conscience: Guilt-cityNo social good from trading“Wealth addicts are responsible for the widening rift that is tearing apart our once great country.”McDonald’s CEO makes $14M and publishes brochures on how to survive low wages.Polk sees himself as a bad moral actor.Is being rich inherently unethical?Is guilt a good measure of ethical behavior?
9Does our society support wealth addiction? “I'm supposed to feel pleased at the author's epiphany. But I don't. I feel angry.”“Another exercise in self-excuse with a philanthropic coda.”“This explains our government policy, far more than any of the twisted reasoning offered in excuses.”IncomeInequalityI think it would be a mistake for people to get the impression that only the very rich or the Wall Street types are wealth addicts. These days it seems almost EVERYONE is obsessed with money.“Drugs are not the norm, and wealth addiction is not the norm either.” - trader