Presentation on theme: "Prevention of money laundering / combating terrorist financing."— Presentation transcript:
Prevention of money laundering / combating terrorist financing
What is Money Laundering How criminals conceal the connection between the crime and the proceeds The worlds third largest business Between US$590 billion and US$1.5 trillion
What is Money Laundering Dangers of allowing Money Laundering Monetary Loss Regulatory fines and / or sanctions Ultimately loss of licence Imprisonment of employees/directors Criminal prosecution Loss of reputation
What is Money Laundering Terrorist Funding This is often funded from legitimate sources The monies involved are often small
Laws and Regulation in the UK and Offences PROCEEDS OF CRIME ACT 2002 (POCA) –Defines money laundering offences and specifies the applicable penalties. TERRORISM ACT 2000 amended by the ANTI-TERRORISM CRIME & SECURITY ACT 2001 –Offences applicable to terrorist crime and funding SERIOUS ORGANISED CRIME AND POLICE ACT 2005 (SOCPA) –This act refined details of POCA and established the Serious Organised Crime Agency (SOCA) UK Implementation of 3 rd EU Directive15 th December 2007 –Placing legal obligations on businesses and professions to combat money laundering
Laws and Regulation in the UK and Offences 3 rd EU Directive Main Provisions Identity checks on customers opening accounts Customer Due Diligence on a Risk Approach Enhanced Due Diligence on Non Face to Face transactions Reporting, Recordkeeping and Training remain the same
Laws and Regulation in the UK and Offences Smaller Credit institutions Financial institutions Independent legal professionals External Accountants, Auditors and Insolvency practitioners Trust or company service providers Estate Agents Tax Advisors High value dealers Casinos Financial Advisers Regulations apply to;
Laws and Regulation in the UK and Offences Offences 1. Regulations Breach Failure to Comply with the Money Laundering Regulations - not complying with any of the requirements of the Money Laundering Regulations (even if no money laundering took place, including failure to have regular training). Maximum prison sentence of 2 years and/or fine.
Laws and Regulation in the UK and Offences Offences 2. Assistance Assisting someone to obtain, conceal, retain, or invest the proceeds of crime if you know or suspect (or, in some cases, should have known or suspected) the other person is engaged in or benefited from crime. Maximum prison sentence of 14 years and/or fine
Laws and Regulation in the UK and Offences Offences 3. Failure to Report Failing to report any knowledge or suspicion of money laundering acquired in the course of business, or employment, as soon as reasonably practical after the information comes to hand. Any suspicion must be reported to the Money Laundering Reporting Officer. Maximum prison sentence of 5 years and/or fine.
Laws and Regulation in the UK and Offences Offences 4. Tipping Off Informing a person who is the subject of suspicion, or any third party, that a report to the Money Laundering Reporting Officer has been made or that the authorities are acting (or are proposing to act) in connection with an investigation into money laundering. You should assume that an internal suspicion report has been passed to National Criminal Agency. Maximum prison sentence of 5 years and/or fine.
Laws and Regulation in the UK and Offences Offences 5. Concealing This offence will be committed where a person disguises or conceals any property, in whole or part directly or indirectly, proceeds of criminal activity Maximum prison sentence of 14 years and/or fine.
Laws and Regulation in the UK and Offences Offences 6. Acquisition This offence is committed where a person who knows that any property is, or in whole or in part directly or indirectly represents another persons proceeds of criminal activity, acquires or uses that property or has possession of it. Maximum prison sentence of 14 years and/or fine.
Laws and Regulation in the UK and Offences Offences 7. Individual and entities subject to financial sanctions –It is a criminal offence to make funds available to individuals or entities on the sanctions list maintained by HM Treasury.
Money Laundering Stages and Customer Due Diligence Placement Layering Integration
Money Laundering Stages and Customer Due Diligence Placement This stage involves getting cash into the financial system. Make numerous payments into one or more accounts or policies, E.g. splitting a cash lump sum into smaller amounts to avoid suspicion and depositing these over the counter or through ATMs. Mixing criminal payments with legitimate funds, (cheques etc), and paying them into one or more policy or investment. An example of this would be: Buying travellers cheques with cash, then paying the cheques into other accounts.
Money Laundering Stages and Customer Due Diligence Layering This stage involves trying to disguise where the funds came from. Having paid cash into the financial system by moving the funds through a series of transactions. The criminals will try to cover any trail that leads back to the crime, Some examples of this are: 1. Transferring the funds abroad. 2. Purchase an asset i.e. property, luxury item, investment policy, etc.
Money Laundering Stages and Customer Due Diligence Integration This stage involves trying to disguise where the funds came from. Having paid cash into the financial system by moving the funds through a series of transactions. The criminals will try to cover any trail that leads back to the crime, Some examples of this are: 1. Buying shares. This will provide the criminal with the prospect of clean capital growth or clean income from dividends 2. Buying property. Possibly for renting out, which gives the criminal clean looking income.
Money Laundering Stages and Customer Due Diligence The Requirements a)Customer due diligence measures and ongoing monitoring b)Reporting c)Record-keeping d)Internal controls e)Risk assessment and management f)Monitoring and management of compliance
Money Laundering Stages and Customer Due Diligence Customer Due Diligence & Stages Stage 1 : Assessing the risk –When approached by a potential client you need to decide the level of due diligence to apply Stage 2 : Verifying identity –Identify the clients and the people in control of assets Stage 3 : Knowing your customers business –Know the source of funds, size and frequency of transactions to expect Stage 4: Ongoing monitoring –Check the clients arrangements and transactions are consistent with the information you hold on file
Money Laundering Stages and Customer Due Diligence When does Customer Due Diligence apply When establishing a business relationship Carrying out an occasional transaction
Money Laundering Stages and Customer Due Diligence What to do if unable to apply Customer Due Diligence measures Not carry out the transaction Terminate any existing business relationship with the customer
Procedures MLRO obligation and duties Staff awareness training (all staff!) Adequate record keeping Identify, assess, monitor & manage risk Be comprehensive & proportionate to the nature, scale & complexity of firms activities Reporting suspicions
Procedures Face to face meeting –One person verification –One address verification Non face to face meeting –One person verification –Two address verifications
Procedures Evidence of Identity Individual Standard verification of identity for personal customers includes obtaining the following information: full name; residential address; date of birth; Corporate Examples include: Companies House Register number; Registered corporate name and any trading names used; Details of owners and shareholders (holding over 25%); Details of the nature of the companys business.
Procedures It is good practice to check all new clients against the UK Consolidated Financial Sanctions List (HMT List) N.B. The above is reflected in Paradigms Anti-Money Laundering Guide which many firms have adopted This is maintained by HM Treasury This can be found at:
Procedures Politically Exposed Persons (PEPs) An individual who is or has at any time in the preceding year, been entrusted with prominent public functions and an immediate family member, or a known close associate, of such a person PEPs only apply if they are holding this position in a state outside of the UK Enhanced due diligence should be carried out
How to report When in doubt report Failure to report is an offence Do not disclose to anyone else (Tipping off) Contact the Money Laundering Reporting Officer Once reported your obligations are fulfilled The MLRO will decide whether to report to National Crime Agency The MLRO will be told whether to proceed
Summary We ask you now to complete a short test to confirm your knowledge of the Anti Money Laundering procedures.