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Money Monetary reform and complementary currencies.

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Presentation on theme: "Money Monetary reform and complementary currencies."— Presentation transcript:

1 Money Monetary reform and complementary currencies

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3 What is Money ? Functional Definition – what money does Money is a: Medium of exchange Medium of exchange Measure of value Measure of value Store of value Store of value

4 These roles are incompatible Amongst money's many functions, that of the lubrication of a fully functioning economy is the most basic. Amongst money's many functions, that of the lubrication of a fully functioning economy is the most basic. This role may be incompatible with the role money now plays as a commodity in international speculation. From the perspective of the local economy, the use of money as a global commodity is entirely destructive. This role may be incompatible with the role money now plays as a commodity in international speculation. From the perspective of the local economy, the use of money as a global commodity is entirely destructive. Money is sucked out of the local economy to areas of the world where it can attract a higher rate of return as investment capital. Money is sucked out of the local economy to areas of the world where it can attract a higher rate of return as investment capital. The inadequate supply of money that remains condemns certain areas to a permanently low level of economic activity. The inadequate supply of money that remains condemns certain areas to a permanently low level of economic activity.

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7 Money is fiat money Not supported by collateral Not supported by collateral Not related to economic activity Not related to economic activity 1944: Bretton Woods: dollar acceptable as backing 1944: Bretton Woods: dollar acceptable as backing Since 1971 simply created by fiat Since 1971 simply created by fiat Importance of reserve currencies Importance of reserve currencies

8 Money and globalisation The finance industry lies at the heart of globalisation. Of the total international transactions of a trillion or so dollars each day, 95 per cent are purely financial. Globalisation in not about trade; it is about money. The finance industry lies at the heart of globalisation. Of the total international transactions of a trillion or so dollars each day, 95 per cent are purely financial. Globalisation in not about trade; it is about money. the financial system now completely dominates the real economy of goods and services the financial system now completely dominates the real economy of goods and services

9 Money and growth Money is created as debt Money is created as debt Hence pestering by banks to borrow money Hence pestering by banks to borrow money Hence massive increase in debt Hence massive increase in debt As money supply increases economy must grow to match it As money supply increases economy must grow to match it Hence obsession with economic growth Hence obsession with economic growth Hence destruction of the planet Hence destruction of the planet

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13 Anything you havent understood?

14 Role play instructions How is the present money system limiting your life? How is the present money system limiting your life? How can you imagine changing your life for the better if money were not object? How can you imagine changing your life for the better if money were not object? What skills could you share and benefit from from others if you did this outside the money system? What skills could you share and benefit from from others if you did this outside the money system? What would be the limitations of a local community money system in your life situation? What would be the limitations of a local community money system in your life situation?

15 Around the world in community currencies

16 Economic disaster in Argentina As in many non-reserve-currency economies, Argentina suffers from being under-monetised As in many non-reserve-currency economies, Argentina suffers from being under-monetised This makes it vulnerable to citizens exchanging their pesos for foreign reserve currencies or sending them overseas. This makes it vulnerable to citizens exchanging their pesos for foreign reserve currencies or sending them overseas. Exacerbated by the pegging of the currency to the dollar, which meant that once the dollars value began to rise on the foreign exchanges from 1995 onwards, Argentinas exports became more expensive than those of competitor countries whose currencies could devalue against the dollar. Exacerbated by the pegging of the currency to the dollar, which meant that once the dollars value began to rise on the foreign exchanges from 1995 onwards, Argentinas exports became more expensive than those of competitor countries whose currencies could devalue against the dollar. The financial crisis in Mexico in 1994, followed by those of the Asian Tigers, Russia and Brazil from 1997 to 1999 undermined confidence in Argentinas ability to pay her sizeable external debt. The financial crisis in Mexico in 1994, followed by those of the Asian Tigers, Russia and Brazil from 1997 to 1999 undermined confidence in Argentinas ability to pay her sizeable external debt.

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18 Response was resort to complementary currency

19 Anything can become money Building firm IRSA was accepting grain as payment for luxury apartments in 2002 Building firm IRSA was accepting grain as payment for luxury apartments in 2002 By November the global corporate GM was prepared to accept cereal crops in payment for its pick-up trucks under an arrangement known as the Chevrolet Harvest Plan By November the global corporate GM was prepared to accept cereal crops in payment for its pick-up trucks under an arrangement known as the Chevrolet Harvest Plan Ford rapidly followed suit. Acceptable crops included soya, maize, wheat and sunflower. Ford rapidly followed suit. Acceptable crops included soya, maize, wheat and sunflower. Banks were prepared to lend farmers money to buy trucks, machinery, agrochemicals or seed in exchange for grain, which never left the silos but was sold on directly for export Banks were prepared to lend farmers money to buy trucks, machinery, agrochemicals or seed in exchange for grain, which never left the silos but was sold on directly for export

20 Time banking in Wales Coordinated by John Rogers at Newport Coordinated by John Rogers at Newport

21 The Chiemgauer Uses principle of demurrage Uses principle of demurrage Electronic and paper money Electronic and paper money Back one-for-one by euros Back one-for-one by euros Can be exchanged back for a 5% fee Can be exchanged back for a 5% fee Accepted by 150+ shops Accepted by 150+ shops

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23 The Yamato Love Machine A local electronic currency based on credit cards A local electronic currency based on credit cards Cards were given to 73,000 residents, each with 10,000 monetary units called love already encoded Cards were given to 73,000 residents, each with 10,000 monetary units called love already encoded The loves can be used in exchange for discount at local shops or to buy second-hand goods advertised on the city governments website The loves can be used in exchange for discount at local shops or to buy second-hand goods advertised on the city governments website Loves can be earned in return for voluntary social welfare activities, advertised on the website. Loves can be earned in return for voluntary social welfare activities, advertised on the website.

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