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TAEKWONDO & THE COMMONWEALTH GAMES
© William Darlington 2010 TAEKWONDO DELEGATES Mr Philippe Bouedo Mr Philippe Bouedo – Chairman, World Taekwondo Federation Games Committee Mr Anthony Ferguson Mr Anthony Ferguson – President, Caribbean Taekwondo Federation Dr William Darlington Dr William Darlington – Secretary-General, Commonwealth Taekwondo Union Mr Usman Dildar Mr Usman Dildar – UK Coordinator, World Taekwondo Federation Slide 2
TAEKWONDO What is it? 3
© William Darlington 2010 What is taekwondo? An international martial art An international martial art – 191 countries – Including 59 Commonwealth countries The worlds most popular martial art The worlds most popular martial art – More than 70 million practitioners… …and with good reason. A dynamic sport A dynamic sport – Often thought to be a minority sport. Not now! Not now! Possibly the worlds second most popular participator sport… Possibly the worlds second most popular participator sport… …after fishing! Slide 4
© William Darlington 2010 Recognised federations World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) Continental Unions Continental Unions – African Taekwondo Union (AfTU) – Asian Taekwondo Union (ATU) – European Taekwondo Union (ETU) – Oceania Taekwondo Union (OTU) – Pan-American Taekwondo Union (PATU) Commonwealth Taekwondo Union (CTU) Commonwealth Taekwondo Union (CTU) 5
© William Darlington 2010 Advantages of taekwondo A force for peace A force for peace – Competing in harmony – The Taekwondo Peace Corps A force for health A force for health – Fitness – Self-confidence – Sense of achievement Slide 6
© William Darlington 2010 Advantages of taekwondo A sport for all A sport for all – Equal opportunities for male and female participants and officials. – All ages, races, creeds, social classes. For the poor and the richall levels of society… For the poor and the richall levels of society… President Obama is a black belt in taekwondo! President Obama is a black belt in taekwondo! – All abilities and disabilities – Throughout the world… …throughout the Commonwealth. Slide 7
© William Darlington 2010 All abilities and disabilities… Parataekwondo caters for those who might not have considered martial arts. Parataekwondo caters for those who might not have considered martial arts. – 1st World Parataekwondo Championships. A Commonwealth athlete: Amy Truesdale A Commonwealth athlete: Amy Truesdale – 2006: Commonwealth Championships Gold in creative forms Gold in creative forms Bronze in sparring against able-bodied athletes. Bronze in sparring against able-bodied athletes. – 2008: 1st World Parataekwondo Championships Bronze Bronze – 2010: 2nd World Parataekwondo Championships Silver Silver Slide 8
TAEKWONDO A Dynamic Competition Sport 9
© William Darlington 2010 Taekwondo matches 3 × 2 minute rounds 3 × 2 minute rounds 8 m × 8 m matted court 8 m × 8 m matted court Scoring Scoring – Kick or punch to body: 1 point – Spinning kick to body: 2 points – Kick to the head: 3 points Win by Win by – Points – KO or technical KO – Sudden death (golden point) No saved by the bell! No saved by the bell! – Safety comes first. 10
© William Darlington 2010 Visible, instantaneous scoring Electronic scoring Electronic scoring – Manual Judges score the points. Judges score the points. – Automatic Sensors in body and head protectors. Sensors in body and head protectors. Instant display of scores and penalties Instant display of scores and penalties – Immediate feedback to coaches, players, audiences and officials. Video replay Video replay – Immediate decisions Fairness Fairness – All these give fair and objective results. 11
© William Darlington 2010 Understandable Contests Rules have evolved. Rules have evolved. – To encourage fast, entertaining, fair matches. – More points for jumping, spinning and high kicks. – Electronic scoring ensures fairness. Exciting, enjoyable matches. Exciting, enjoyable matches. – Continuous action Some martial arts stop the match when a point is scored. Some martial arts stop the match when a point is scored. – This and instant score display maximise audience involvement. 12
© William Darlington 2010 Newer, better techniques Many martial arts pride themselves on tradition. Many martial arts pride themselves on tradition. – Taekwondo prides itself on constantly evolving and improving. – It has advanced immensely in the past 30 years. Renowned for its dynamic and varied kicking techniques. Renowned for its dynamic and varied kicking techniques. – Axe kick, turning kick, counter-kick… All techniques developed for competition. All techniques developed for competition. But they have improved the whole martial art… But they have improved the whole martial art… …and made it more exciting and challenging for all practitioners. 13
TAEKWONDO An International Sport 14
© William Darlington 2010 Distribution of taekwondo Social inclusiveness Social inclusiveness – All levels of society – Not the preserve of the wealthy – Projects throughout the world to bring taekwondo to underprivileged communities Racial inclusiveness Racial inclusiveness – Throughout the Commonwealth 59 nations and all races 59 nations and all races – Particularly appealing to ethnic minorities Fosters pride, confidence and feeling of self-worth. Fosters pride, confidence and feeling of self-worth. Particularly important where there is oppression of ethnic minorities. Particularly important where there is oppression of ethnic minorities. Slide 15
© William Darlington 2010 Taekwondo in multi-sport games Every major multi-sport Games… Every major multi-sport Games… – Olympic Games World Games (until Olympics) World Games (until Olympics) – World University Summer games – Regional & Continental Games All Africa, Asian, Bolivian, Central American, East Asian, Mediterranean (from 2013), Pacific, Pan-American, South-east Asian and South American Games All Africa, Asian, Bolivian, Central American, East Asian, Mediterranean (from 2013), Pacific, Pan-American, South-east Asian and South American Games – Sportaccord Combat Games – Asian Martial Arts Games – International Master Games – World Military Games …except the Commonwealth Games and Island Games. 16
TAEKWONDO A Commonwealth Sport 17
© William Darlington 2010 Commonwealth Taekwondo Antigua & Barbuda, Australia, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Brunei Darussalam, Cameroon, Canada, Cayman Islands, Cyprus, Dominica, England, Fiji, Gambia, Ghana, Gibraltar, Grenada, Guernsey, Guyana, Hong Kong, India, Isle of Man, Jamaica, Jersey, Kenya, Kiribati, Lesotho, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritius, Mozambique, New Zealand, Nigeria, Northern Ireland, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Scotland, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, St Helena & Dependencies, St. Kitts & Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent & the Grenadines, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad & Tobago, Uganda, Vanuatu, Wales, Zambia and Zimbabwe Slide 18
© William Darlington 2010 TKD as a Commonwealth sport Provides a chance for all. Provides a chance for all. – At all levels of performance. Elite performance Elite performance – The Commonwealth has some of the worlds top athletes. – Which countries participated in all Commonwealth Games? Australia, Canada, England, New Zealand, Scotland & Wales Australia, Canada, England, New Zealand, Scotland & Wales All strong in taekwondo. All strong in taekwondo. Smaller nations Smaller nations – Can progress and develop, even if they dont compete… …but Commonwealth events can let them shine. 19
© William Darlington 2010 Commonwealth TKD: an elite sport Medals Medals – 2007 World Championships 1 gold, 1 silver 1 gold, 1 silver – 2005 World Championships 1 silver, 4 bronze 1 silver, 4 bronze – 2008 Olympic Games 1 silver, 2 bronze 1 silver, 2 bronze Rankings Rankings – 31 athletes in world top 20 (2010) – 139 athletes in world rankings (2010) Slide 20
© William Darlington 2010 Commonwealth TKD: elite players Two Commonwealth athletes ranked Nº 1 in the world. Two Commonwealth athletes ranked Nº 1 in the world. Both beat the unbeatable. Both beat the unbeatable. – Sarah Stevenson (UK) v Zhong Chen (China) In Beijing! In Beijing! – Aaron Cook (UK) v Steven Lopez (USA) 5 times world champion. 5 times world champion. 3 times Olympic gold. 3 times Olympic gold. Never knocked out before. Never knocked out before. No other country has that. No other country has that. Slide 21
© William Darlington 2010 Smaller countries Commonwealth events give smaller countries a shot at the world stage. Commonwealth events give smaller countries a shot at the world stage. The biggest Commonwealth TKD nation is Canada but smaller ones flourish. The biggest Commonwealth TKD nation is Canada but smaller ones flourish. – Ascension Island. 8 miles long, 8°S of equator, 800 people 8 miles long, 8°S of equator, 800 people Up to 80 taekwondo students! Up to 80 taekwondo students! – Kiribati 32 atolls in the Pacific 32 atolls in the Pacific Population 98 000 Population 98 000 Five busy taekwondo schools Five busy taekwondo schools 22
© William Darlington 2010 Advantages for small countries Low cost Low cost – Little or no equipment needed. – Empty hall or clear, open-air space. – Cheap clothing Sri Lanka: dyed strips of cloth to make coloured belts. Sri Lanka: dyed strips of cloth to make coloured belts. Facilities Facilities – Equipment helps but all you really need are… A good instructor A good instructor Dedicated students and… Dedicated students and… …thats it! Slide 23
© William Darlington 2010 COMMONWEALTH NATIONS World Class taekwondo events sanctioned by WTF 2006 2006 – Sri Lanka10th South Asian Games – New Zealand2nd Oceania Championships – Australia3rd Commonwealth Championships 2007 2007 – Samoa13th South Pacific Games – UKWorld Olympic Qualification Tournament 2008 2008 – Canada4th Commonwealth Championships 2009 2009 – UKBritish Open International – CameroonAfrican Championships 2010 2010 – Bangladesh11th South Asian Games – CanadaCanadian Open – (UKBritish Open International) – (IndiaIndian Open) 2011 2011 – (India5th Commonwealth Championships) Slide 24
© William Darlington 2010 Commonwealth participation 2000: Olympic Games 2000: Olympic Games – 8 nations 2004: Olympic Games 2004: Olympic Games – 9 nations 2005: World Championships 2005: World Championships – 17 nations 2006: Commonwealth Championships 2006: Commonwealth Championships – 16 nations 2007: World Championships 2007: World Championships – 16 nations 2008: Olympic Games 2008: Olympic Games – 9 nations 2008: Commonwealth Championships 2008: Commonwealth Championships – 19 nations 2009: World Championships 2009: World Championships – 31 nations 25
© William Darlington 2010 Commonwealth Championships 2006: Brisbane, Australia 2006: Brisbane, Australia – 16 countries – 267 players 210 in sparring 210 in sparring 57 in forms 57 in forms 2008: Winnipeg, Canada 2008: Winnipeg, Canada – 19 countries – 250 players 188 in sparring 188 in sparring 72 in forms 72 in forms 26
© William Darlington 2010 27 Why taekwondo in the Games? Origins different from other combat sports Origins different from other combat sports – Didnt evolve from games. – Didnt stick with traditional styles. – Deliberately designed to be visually exciting. Fair Fair – Objective, impartial electronic scoring systems Dynamic but safe Dynamic but safe – Full contact but serious injuries are rare. – Players wear protective equipment. All tested to international standards. All tested to international standards. Clean Clean – No doping problems The drugs dont work. The drugs dont work. – Banned drugs used in some other sports provide no advantage in taekwondo.
© William Darlington 2010 Taekwondo sportsmanship Above all, taekwondo prides itself on its etiquette and good behaviour: Above all, taekwondo prides itself on its etiquette and good behaviour: – Bowing to opponents, coaches and referees – Shaking hands after the match In the event of a tie, the winner is decided by… In the event of a tie, the winner is decided by… technical dominance number of techniques executed more difficulty or complex techniques or display of better competition manner! Slide 28
© William Darlington 2010 Taekwondo: team spirit Unifying force between different sports Unifying force between different sports Sydney Olympics Sydney Olympics – Players from other disciplines came to watch taekwondos debut and cheer on their countrys players. Commonwealth Championships Commonwealth Championships – Harmony between teams English, Scottish and Welsh teams travelled and stayed together! English, Scottish and Welsh teams travelled and stayed together! Slide 29
TAEKWONDO The friendly sport for the Friendly Games Slide 30 Τάε Κβον Ντο тхэквондо التايكوندو
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