Presentation on theme: "By M 2. Full name: 1.Fc Tatran Prešov Nickname: Koňare Club colors : green and white Oldest club in SR (25.5.1898) Website : www.1fctatran.skwww.1fctatran.sk."— Presentation transcript:
Floorball, a type of floor hockey, is an indoor team sport which was developed in the 1970s in Sweden. Floorball is most popular in areas where the sport has developed the longest, such as the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland. The game is played indoors on a gym floor, making it year-round sport. There are professional leagues, such as Finland's Salibandyliiga and Sweden's Svenska Superligan. There are 49 members of the International Floorball Federation (IFF); the Czech Republic, Finland, Sweden and Switzerland have the most successful teams. Floorball is also popular in countries such as Latvia, Australia, Canada, Germany, Japan, Singapore, Malaysia the United States and also Slovakia.
Floorball is played indoors on a rink whose size can officially vary from 18–22 meters wide to 36–44 meters long. The rink is surrounded by 50 cm high enclosed boards with rounded corners. The goals are 160 cm wide and 115 cm high. Their depth is 65 cm. Typical equipment for a floorball player consists of a pair of shorts, a shirt, socks and indoor sport shoes. Players are allowed to wear guards and eye protectors. Players, except for the goalkeeper carry sticks. A floorball player is also known as a "floorballer". The maximum size for a stick is 105 cm. Floorball manufacturers produce sticks made of carbon and composite materials. Goalkeepers wear protection that is very limited; padded pants, a padded chest protector, and a helmet. The goalkeeper can also wear other protective equipment. Some of this other protective equipment includes knee pads and gloves. A floorball ball. This is a precision type ball, characterized by 1516 tiny dimples that reduce air resistance, as well as friction on the floor. A floor ball weighs 23 grams and its diameter is 72 mm. It has 26 holes in it; each of which are 11 mm in diameter. Many of these balls now are made with aerodynamic technology, where the ball has over a thousand small dimples in it that reduce air resistance. There have been several times where a ball has been recorded to have traveled at a speed of approximately 205 km/h. Each team can field six players at a time on the court, one player being a goalkeeper. The team is also allowed to change players anytime in game, usually they change the whole team. A floorball game is officially played over three periods lasting 20 minutes each. The time is stopped in the case of penalties, goals, time-outs and any situation where the ball is not considered to be in play. Break between each period takes 3–10 minutes, where teams change ends. Each team is allowed a timeout of 30 seconds. There are two referees, each with equal authority. Checking is disallowed in floorball. Controlled shoulder-to-shoulder contact is allowed. As well, players may not raise their stick or play the ball above their knee level, and a stick cannot be placed in between a player's legs (to avoid tripping). When a player commits a foul, play is resumed from a free hit. A free hit involves a player from one team to start play from the place where the ball was last deemed unplayable. A penalty may be worth either two or five minutes. At that point, the player who committed the foul sits in the penalty area, and his team is short handed for the time of the penalty. If an 'extreme' foul is committed, such as physical contact or unsportsmanlike behavior, a player may receive a 10 minute penalty or even a match misconduct.
In addition to the world floorball championships, there are many international floorball club competitions. Asia Pacific Floorball Championship Played every single year in Australia, Singapore, or Japan. The event was created by the Singapore Floorball Association together with the cooperation of the Asia Oceania Floorball Confederation (AOFC). The most recent champions are Japan. As of 2010, the Asia Pacific Floorball Championship is also the qualifying tournament for the Floorball World Championships. Canada Cup The Canada Cup is an international club tournament that is held every year in Toronto, Canada. It is the largest floorball club tournament outside of Europe, and attracts 55+ clubs from worldwide, every year. The winners of the 2010 tournament were Toronto's Salming Vikings floorball club. Czech Open The largest club team tournament, the Czech Open is a traditional summer tournament held in Prague, Czech Republic. It is famous not only for its on-court activities, but also for those off-court. The tournament attracts 200+ clubs every year from 20 different countries. The most recent champions of the Czech Open are Sweden's IBK Dalen. This year our club will take a part in this tournament.