Presentation on theme: "Learning Objectives 1.You will construct a circle using a compass. 2.You will draw the following parts of a circle: center, radius, diameter, and chord."— Presentation transcript:
Learning Objectives 1.You will construct a circle using a compass. 2.You will draw the following parts of a circle: center, radius, diameter, and chord. 3.You will construct a circle without using a compass.
What is a Compass? A compass is a hinged device for drawing circles.
Galileo's Proportional Compass The first proportional compass was invented in Padua in 1597. The inventor, Galileo, saw three main uses of his compass: 1.As a bomber's sight, 2.Calculation of the height of a star above the horizon and 3.Measuring the inclination of the slopes of a wall.
needle lead Preparing the Compass 1.Sharpen the lead. 2.Adjust the needle and the lead so that the tip of the needle extends slightly more than the lead.
Using the Compass 3.To draw a circle, apply enough pressure to the needle by holding the compass handle between thumb and index fingers. 4.To complete drawing the circle, revolve the handle clockwise.
Drawing without Compass Here's a way to draw a circle using something normally already on hand.... 1. 1. Simply cut a strip of 1" wide and a little longer than the radius of the circle needed. 2. Punch a hole in one end, where the point of a pencil could be placed through for drawing. 3. Place a pin on the other end precisely the distance from the pencil hole which represents the radius of the circle.
Drawing without Compass To draw a circle, stick the pin into your drawing surface, put a pencil in the hole and rotate around the pin 360 degrees.
World Freehand Circle Drawing Championship 2007 Alexander Overwijk, a teacher from Ottawa, Canada, is one of the fastest Circle Drawers in the world. He draws a close-to-perfect 3 foot wide circle in less than two seconds.
Your Turn 1.Draw a circle that has a radius of 4 cm on the given origami paper. 2.Cut the circle into a semi circle and a quarter circle. 3.Paste the quarter circle and the semi circle on a Journal Writing sheet. 4.Find the perimeter of each shape. 5.Show clearly how you derived the answers.