Presentation on theme: "Swimming across Borders By Dr. Amal Shousha"— Presentation transcript:
1 Swimming across Borders By Dr. Amal Shousha Unit 3Swimming across BordersByDr. Amal Shousha
2 AcknowledgementThis power point presentation is part of the collaborative work of fifteen ELI / KAU female English language instructors.The project comprises the PowerPoint presentations which are presented to the students, the worksheets uploaded on the contributors websites and the revision units.The names of the teachers who collaborated in the project are as follows according to alphabetical order as per first name:
4 Main idea of the UnitLook at the picture, answer the following questions:Who is the person in the uniform? Who are all the people around him? What are they doing? Why?
5 Main idea of the UnitThis unit explores the characteristics, abilities, and achievements of athletes.
6 New Vocabulary Athletes (n.) : Someone who has sports abilities heroes (n.): a man who is admired for doing something extremely brave (heroine)Admire (v.): to respect and like someone because he/she has done something that you think is good.League (n.): professional baseballPlane Crash: plane accidentTolerate (v.): not have problems withTalent (n.): be naturally good at something
7 More New Vocabulary Broke the record: was better than the best ever Outstanding (adj.): better than excellentBorder (n.): line separating two countriesAchievements (n.): things that you do successfullyChallenge (n.): something that is interesting because it is difficult
8 More New VocabularyBiography (n.): a book in which someone writes about his own life.Autobiography (n.): a book that tells what has happened in someone’s life written by someone else.Vita/ vitae (n.): a list of the most important events in a person’s life with the dates of these events.Marathon (n.): a 26-mile 385 yards (42.2k) race.Cross- Country: distance race across land, instead of on roads.Championship (n.):a competition to find which player, team etc is the best in a particular sport.Ambassador(n.): representative of one’s country
9 Reading One: Swimming to open Borders PP. 41- 44 It is the story of Lynne Cox, a long – distance swimmer who has not only broken records, but who also swims tofocus attention on andto lessen political tensionsamong countries.
11 Reading for Main IdeasMatch the sentence beginnings on the left with those on the righta. because she wants to encourage peace.1. Lynne Cox breaks a lot of recordsb. because she is very fast and can tolerate cold water.2. Lynne Cox can swim in very cold waterc. because she has an extra layer of fat around her organs.3. Lynne Cox swims between countries
13 Reading for Details1. Put the sentences in order by time; 1 for what happened first, 2 what happened second …etc.…… Lynne breaks the English Channel record.…… Lynne swims off the coast of Southern California.…… Lynne swims across the Bering Strait.…… Lynne swims between Argentina and Chile.…… Lynne swims around the Cape of Good Hope.
15 2.Complete the sentences with the number in the following list: Lynne Cox started to swim when she was …… years old.She swam …… miles across the Bering Strait.The water in the Bering Strait was as cold as ….. degrees Fahrenheit.Lynne swam the English Channel in less than …… hours.When Lynne was swimming around the Cape of Good Hope, a …. foot shark came too close.When she was swimming near Sweden, she had to watch out for …… foot- long jellyfish.Most people would die after about ….. minutes in very cold water.
17 Reading Two: The Athlete’s Life PP.45- 46 It presents the professional achievements of three well- known athletes, Pele, Grete Waitz, and George Foreman, in Vitae form. A vita is a list of the most important events in a person’s life with the dates of these events.
18 3. Focus on VocabularyMatch situations on the left with appropriate quotes on the right:a. “Put up with it just a little longer.”1. Encouraging a player to accept a challenge.b. “it’s hard. But I know you can do it.”2. Telling a player that he is outstanding.c. “you ran that race faster than anyone ever ran it before.”3. Telling a player to tolerate a difficulty.d. “you did very well this year: twelve wins and only two losses.”4. Complimenting a player who broke a record.e. “you ‘re better than most players I know of. You ‘re the best player on the team.”5. Summarizing the team’s achievement.f. “you ‘re a natural athlete.”6. Praising a player for his talent.
20 2. Complete with words from the list: Borders- broke- encouraged- national- organs-outstanding- tolerate- wavesathletes’ hearts, lungs, and other major ……. are in excellent condition.An open- water swimmer must …. cold.In the water, Lynne Cox can’t see the …… she crosses.First, she ran in small local races; then when she was good enough, she ran in …… races.Big …… are a problem- they make swimming difficult.She lost the race and wanted to quit, but her friends ….. her to try again.
21 7.He was a (n) …… boxer; he won the heavyweight championship. 8. In 1992, Yoko ….. the world record for speed skating 1, 000 meters.Answer key:Organs tolerate 3. borders 4. national5. waves 6. encouraged outstanding8. broke
22 4. Focus on Writing Transition words of time They are used to :1- show the relationships between the sentences in a piece of writing.2- show time relationships. They help the readerunderstand which event happened first, whichhappened second and so on.Transition words are like : first, then, next, and later.They are followed by a comma.
23 finally first next then 2. Complete the story with transition words of time from the following list.finally first next thenBonnie Blair could skate by the time she was two yearsold, and by the age of four, she was in races. (1) ……….,she skated in group races .(2)………., she took up speedskating, where only two skaters race at a time. She wonmany races. (3) ………, in 1984, she made the U.S.Olympic team, but she didn’t win any medals. (4)………,in 1988, Bonnie Blair made the U.S. Olympic team again,and this time she won both gold and bronze medals.
25 The Present Progressive Tense We use this tense to refer to what is happening at the moment of speaking.Form:Is / are / am + verb + ingHe is walking to school now.They are helping their mother at the moment.I am writing my report this afternoon.
26 More about the present progressive Spelling rules:When we add the “ing” to the end of the verb we should:1. cancel the “e” at the end of the verbarrive ……………..arrivingwrite ……………….writing2. double the last consonant if it has a vowel before itrun ……………..runningstop…………….stopping3. not cancel the “y” at the end of the verb before adding “ing:play……………..playingcarry …………..carrying
27 More about the present progressive Negative form:is / are / am + not + verb + ingExamples:He is not coming to the office today.I am not watching TV now.You are not listening to the radio at the moment.Question form:Yes/ No : Is / Are / Am + Subject + verb ing …….?Is she coming today?Are they reading now?Am I coming with you?
28 More about the present progressive Wh questions:Wh word + is / are / am + subject + verb ing ………?Examples:Where are you going now?When is she going shopping?What am I doing at the moment?Some words and phrases refer to the present progressivesuch as: “now, at the moment, today, Look!, Listen!, thisweek….”
29 2. Use the words to write sentences. at/ I/ my/ friend/ smiling/ ambiking/ is/ across/ Robin/ America/ notsoccer/ they/ playing/ in/ not/ park/ are/ theto/ game/ we/ trying/win/are/this
30 Answer Key I’m smiling at my friend. Robin isn’t biking across America.They aren’t playing soccer in the park.We’re trying to win this game.
31 3. complete the paragraph using the present progressive tense of the verbs provided. Use contractions.I 1.(watch) a football game. My team 2.(play) for the championship. For once I 3.(not watch) the game on TV. I was finally able to get a ticket, and I’m actually at the stadium! My team’s quarterback 4.(throw) the ball to one of his receivers. The receiver 5.(run) down the field. The players on the other team 6.(try) to stop the receiver from catching the ball. But I think they 7.(not/ run) fast enough. I think he might be able to catch the ball! But the man in front of me 8.(jump) up and down. He 9.(make) it impossible for me to see what 10.(happen). Too bad I 11.(not/ sit) at home in front of my TV!
32 Answer Key1.’m watching 8.is jumping 2.’s playing 9.’s making 3.’m not watching 10.’s happening 4.’s throwing 11.’m not sitting 5.’s running 6. Are trying 7.’re not running