Presentation on theme: "Got Citizenship? Post-colonial Africa OCTOBER 24, 2013."— Presentation transcript:
Got Citizenship? Post-colonial Africa OCTOBER 24, 2013
READING STANDARDS FOR LITERACY IN HISTORY/SOCIAL STUDIES 6–12 CRAFT & STRUCTURE: #6 - COMPARE THE POINT OF VIEW OF TWO OR MORE AUTHORS FOR HOW THEY TREAT THE SAME OR SIMILAR TOPICS, INCLUDING WHICH DETAILS THEY INCLUDE AND EMPHASIZE IN THEIR RESPECTIVE ACCOUNTS Common Core Standards
Analyzing Sources How do you introduce point of view or bias in your classroom? 1. Formal introduction and sentence starters…the AP way 2. Informal application in a world history lesson Apartheid museum lessons http://www.apartheidmuseum.org/
What do we need to know about historical documents? They are SUBJECTIVE You must know that Docs are NOT Facts! – Diaries, letters, brochures, pamphlets, books and even charts and graphs are all statements of opinion made by a person with a specific perspective and a specific goal in mind. Docs are written by real people who have biases based on their life experiences and political viewpoints Some writers might have an axe to grind – an agenda
Statement: Charles Jackson is the best high school basketball player in the nation.
Lets look at the sources… Source 1 Charless girlfriend, quoted in Charless school newspaper Source 2 Mr. Action Jackson, Charless father, private conversation with a work colleague Source 3 Coach Jack Spratt, Charless basketball coach, letter of recommendation written on behalf of Charles to Bedrock University
Source 4 Associated Press Poll of 100 Sports writers, published in Sporting News Source 5 Mr. Phil Jackson, nine-time NBA Championship coach, personal diary entry Source 6 President George W. Bush, White House ceremony honoring Charless high school team as Texas State Champions Source 7 Nike spokesperson, press statement announcing Charless $100 million endorsement deal
Examples of phrases you can use when discussing POV in a DBQ essay It is not surprising that Source X would make this statement because… This document is fairly reliable because… The author of this document may be biased because… Because document 5 is a diary entry, the author is most likely not seeking to gain publicity or influence opinions.
4 main methods to show POV/bias/perspective: 1. Attribution and put doc # in ( ). Examples: The reformer Luther explained … (doc 2). Erasmus, northern humanist and theologian…(doc 1). 2. Authorial POV: Students show how the occupation, gender, class, religion, nationality, political position, ethnicity, etc. influence the authors POV Examples: Because Battista Guarino is an Italian humanist educator, it is natural for him to believe that each of the parts of a Renaissance education are activities proper to mankind. As heir to the Belgian throne, it is not surprising that Prince Leopold supported imperialism since he wanted to increase the power and prestige of the country he would one day rule (doc 1). You must not only tell the POV but need to show WHY the author has a particular POV.
3. Reliability and accuracy of source: need to explain why a writer is probably a truthful and accurate witness or not. Examples: We can trust Francesco Guicciardini because he is an Italian Statesman and historian. Statesmen and historians typically tell the truth and these are his reflections written to show what he thinks rather than to change the education system. Merlin is a governor general of a colony so his pro-imperialist point of view is not surprising since his job was dependent upon the success of French imperialism (doc11). 4. Tone or Intent of the author: writers often use satire, sarcasm, irony, political commentary, humor and other examples of tone to make a point. You will need to explain how the tone changes the trustworthiness of a document. Example: When Montaigne uses the word absurd to describe the educational system he is emphasizing his frustration and irritation with the Renaissance schools. It is likely, therefore, that his frustration has caused him to exaggerate the extent of the problems of a Renaissance education.
UNACCEPTABLE point-of-view analysis.. Louis Bernard was a French colonial official who, in his memoir, stated that he felt France got over its humiliation by conquering Algeria (doc 12). This is simply attribution and a summarizing of what the document said. There is no explanation as to why Bernard held these views! Bernard was writing a memoir so it is objective (doc 12). This statement makes no effort to explain how or why a memoir would be an objective source! Since Benjamin Disraeli is a politician, he must be biased (doc 2). There is no attempt to explain why Disraeli may hold a biased viewpoint!