Match structure The toss –The two opposing captains toss a coin before the match –the captain winning the toss chooses either to bat or bowl first Overs –Each innings is divided into overs –each consisting of six consecutive legal deliveries bowled by the same bowler
Match structure End of an innings An innings is completed if –Ten out of eleven batsmen are 'out' (dismissed) the team are all out. –The team has only one batsman left who can bat (the others being incapacitated either through injury, illness or absence) again, the team are all out. –The team batting last reaches the score required to win the match. –The predetermined number of overs are bowled (in a one-day match only, usually 50 overs). –A captain declares his team's innings closed (this does not apply to one-day limited over matches)
Match structure Playing time Typically, two innings matches are played over three to five days with at least six hours of cricket being played each day. One innings matches are usually played over one day for six hours or more. There are formal intervals on each day for lunch and tea, and shorter breaks for drinks, where necessary. There is also a short interval between innings.
Playing time The game is only played in dry weather. the game needs to be played in daylight –good enough for a batsman to be able to see the ball Play is therefore halted during rain (but not usually drizzle) and when there is bad light.
Batting Batsmen strike the ball from the batting crease, with the flat surface of a wooden bat.
Run scoring To score a run –a striker must hit the ball and run to the opposite end of the pitch –while his non-striking partner runs to his end –To register a run, both runners must touch the ground behind the popping crease with either their bats or their bodies If the striker hits the ball well enough –the batsmen may double back to score two or more runs
Run scoring run out –If a fielder knocks the bails off the stumps with the ball –while no batsman is grounded behind the nearest popping crease –the nearest batsman is run out If the ball goes over the boundary, then four runs are scored, or six if the ball has not bounced
Bowling A bowler delivers the ball toward the batsmen pace bowlers spin bowlers
Dismissal of a batsman ten ways in which a batsman may be dismissed –CaughtCaught –BowledBowled –Leg before wicket (lbw)Leg before wicket –Run outRun out –StumpedStumped –Hit wicketHit wicket –Handled the ballHandled the ball –Hit the ball twiceHit the ball twice –Obstructing the fieldObstructing the field –Timed outTimed out
Fielding Fielders assist the bowlers in preventing runs –either by taking catches to dismiss a batsman –or by intercepting the ball and returning it to the pitch –The wicket-keeper is the only fielder permitted to wear gloves –A fielder may stop the ball with any part of their body
wicket-keeper a specialist fielder who stands behind the batsman's wicket throughout the game. to gather deliveries that the batsman fails to hit –to prevent them running into the outfield –which would enable batsmen to score byes
Forms of cricket Test cricket One-day cricket Twenty20 Cricket
Test cricket Test cricket is a form of international cricket Test matches are two innings per side, usually played over five consecutive days Tests that are not finished within the allotted time are drawn Only ten test playing nations
One-day cricket Limited overs matches –also known as one day cricket or instant cricket due to the growing demands for a shorter and more dramatic form of cricket to stem the decline in attendances One-day, single-innings, matches limiting of each side's innings to an agreed number of overs (nowadays usually 50)
Twenty20 Cricket A "Twenty20 Game" consists 20 overs per each side Twenty20 World Championship would be held on an biannual basis the first ever Twenty20 World Championship in South Africa in September 2007
International structure The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the international governing body for cricket It is headquartered in DubaiDubai It includes representatives of each of the ten Test-playing nations –as well as an elected panel representing non- Test-playing nations.
three tiers highest level –Test-playing nationsTest-playing nations –They qualify automatically for the quadrennial World Cup matches A rung lower –Associate Member nationsAssociate Member nations The lowermost rung –Affiliate Member nationsAffiliate Member nations
Cricket World Cup the premier international championship of one day international mens national cricket teams A Women's Cricket World Cup is also held every four years The most recent Cricket World Cup was held between 9 February and 24 March 2003, in Southern Africa –where Australia were crowned champions after beating India by 125 runs The next tournament will be held in the West Indies in 2007 and will consist of 16 teams.