Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

What is “Gifted?” Traditional Definition Problems IQ > 130

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "What is “Gifted?” Traditional Definition Problems IQ > 130"— Presentation transcript:


2 What is “Gifted?” Traditional Definition Problems IQ > 130
Top 2.2% of Population Superior mental ability requiring differentiated instruction/curriculum Problems IQ testing culturally biased, difficult/costly to administer More expansive definition needed to provide services for children who may not fit into traditional idea of giftedness

3 What is “Gifted?” Contemporary Definitions
Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences Verbal-linguistic Logical-mathematical Naturalistic Visual-spatial Body-kinesthetic Auditory-musical Interpersonal Intrapersonal Proposed – Spiritual, Sexual, Existential

4 What is “Gifted?” Contemporary Definitions
Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory Analytic Giftedness Intellectual Abilities/Problem Solving Synthetic Giftedness Creativity/Insightfulness/Intuition Practical Giftedness Applying above to everyday situations Currently no national standard, definitions vary from state to state

5 Some Characteristics of Young Gifted Children
Language development Reading ability Subtle/mature sense of humor Sense of justice/fairness Difficulty understanding responses of age peers Intense immersion in one subject of interest

6 Some Characteristics of Young Gifted Children
Highly creative fantasies Imaginary friends, worlds described in detail Independent, prefers individual work Transfers concepts learned to new situations Interest in abstract concepts (time, space) Interest in cause and effect relationships Quick-developing, wide knowledge base Strong memory, cognitive strategies

7 Other Characteristics of the Gifted
First-borns and only children more likely to be identified as gifted, as are children of gifted parents Visual-spatial learners more prevalent among gifted population than auditory-sequential Approx. 1/6 of gifted children have some sort of co-morbid learning disability ie. Dyslexia, ADHD, Central Auditory Processing Disorder Giftedness can mask these disorders and depress IQ scores, making identification difficult

8 Other Characteristics of the Gifted
More likely to be introverted than general population Asynchronous development May be advanced in one or more areas and behind in another Often seen in social situations, for example Exacerbated by heightened emotional intensity often found in gifted children Csikszentmihalyi’s “Flow” Theory Synesthesia

9 Other Characteristics of the Gifted
Dabrowski’s Theory of Positive Disintegration “Overexcitabilites” Psychomotor Often diagnosed as ADHD Sensory Imaginational Emotional Intellectual “Too creative” for IQ tests

10 “Too Creative” for IQ Tests
What do the numbers 37 and 127 have in common? 1 point answers Both contain/end in 7 Both odd numbers Both greater than ## 2 point answer Both prime numbers Gifted child’s answer Both have digits that add to 10

11 Difficulties for Gifted Children/Adolescents
Perfectionism Isolation Underachievement vs. Selective Achievement Impostor Syndrome Masking Abilities Delinquency Depression Anxiety Suicide

12 Specific Populations of Gifted Children
Gifted Females Pressure to pursue traditionally female occupations Nursing, teaching, etc. Discouraged from interest in math and science Receive less feedback and called on less often in classroom settings More likely to conceal intelligence to attract attention of boys

13 Specific Populations of Gifted Children
Gifted Males Pressure to participate in traditionally male activities Discouraged from being emotional, sensitive Must reconcile their own identity with societal norms concerning gender

14 Specific Populations of Gifted Children
Gifted African-American Students “Acting White” Nigrescence Theory Pre-encounter Encounter Immersion Internalization Commitment Different Learning Styles Lack of role models Lack of peers from similar backgrounds External pressure

15 Specific Populations of Gifted Children
Gifted Hispanic Students Underrepresented in gifted programs Assessment tools often culturally biased Teachers less likely to refer for gifted testing Mismatch in learning/teaching styles “Acting White” Stereotype threat Any minority group

16 Specific Populations of Gifted Children
Highly creative individuals Psychologically vulnerable Difficult for schools to meet creative needs Strong feelings of isolation Susceptible to mood disorders More likely to attempt suicide

17 Specific Populations of Gifted Children
Gifted/LD Children “Twice Exceptional” Giftedness masking LD Biggest problem is assessment Success found in programs that emphasize talents and development of compensatory skills; students tend to behave more like gifted students and focus less on disability

18 Specific Populations of Gifted Children
Gifted/ADHD Children Strong overlap with “high creativity” Misidentification/Lack of identification Both as gifted and as ADHD ADHD medication may temper creativity Peer Rejection Family/School Stress

19 Specific Populations of Gifted Children
Specific Talents Musician, athlete, actor, science, math, etc. Parental/guardian support is crucial Extracurricular involvement to permit talents to develop Summer programs, speech/debate, model gov’t, etc. Offer role models

20 Interventions/Strategies
Classroom Curriculum Compacting Enrichment Acceleration Grade Skipping Teacher Education Referrals & Recognition Curriculum Modifications Strategies Guided Reading/Viewing Alternative Assessments/Projects

21 Example Role Models Dr. Daniel Hale Williams
First successful open heart surgery

22 Example Role Models Amalie Noether
Called by Einstein "the most significant creative mathematical genius thus far produced since the higher education of women began.”

23 Example Role Models Dr. Ellen Ochoa
NASA’s first Hispanic female astronaut

24 Example Role Models Hermione Granger
Highly successful wizard; muggle parents

25 Interventions/Strategies
Gifted Programs Enrichment vs. IEP Extracurricular Programs Governor’s School Model Summer/Saturday Programs Talent Search Mentoring Schools for the Gifted Early Entrance College Distance Learning Any program that places students with peers of similar ability and interests will be extremely beneficial for social development GHP

26 Interventions/Strategies
Parents Advocacy School and government level No Child Left Behind

27 No Child Left Behind The Football Version
All teams must make the state playoffs, and all will win the championship. If a team does not win the championship, they will be on probation until they are the champions, and coaches will be held accountable.   All kids will be expected to have the same football skills at the same time and in the same conditions. No exceptions will be made for interest in football, a desire to perform athletically, or genetic abilities or disabilities. ALL KIDS WILL PLAY FOOTBALL AT A PROFICIENT LEVEL.   Talented players will be asked to work out on their own without instruction. Coaches will use all their instructional time with the athletes who aren't interested in football, have limited athletic ability or whose parents don't like football.   All coaches will be proficient in all aspects of football, or they will be released.   Games will be played year round, but statistics will only be kept in the 4th, 8th and 11th games.   This will create a New Age of sports where every school is expected to have the same level of talent and all teams will reach the same minimal goals.

28 Interventions/Strategies
Parents Advocacy School and government level No Child Left Behind Active involvement with teachers, coaches, counselors Support school lessons/curriculum at home Books, movies, discussion Participation in extracurriculars Homeschooling? Internet support

29 Questions? Me: Danny Hammond

Download ppt "What is “Gifted?” Traditional Definition Problems IQ > 130"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google